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Flashcards in unit 3 Deck (100)
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1

med to help convert out of afib

amiodarone

2

Transcutaneous pacing uses _____ milliamperes than transvenous or epicardial pacing

higher

3

normal QRS interval

.04-.12 second

4

10 symptoms of decreased cardiac output

LOC change
Chest discomfort
Hypotension
Shortness of breath; respiratory distress
Pulmonary congestion; crackles
Rapid, slow, or weak pulse
Dizziness
Syncope
Fatigue
Restlessness

5

ECG where:

Rate: greater than 150

Rhythm: regular

P-wave: P waves and T waves are fused together

PR interval: indeterminate

QRS: narrow and normal

supraventricular tachycardia

6

ECG where:

Rate:100-150 beats/minute

Rhythm:Regular

P-wave:Upright, rounded, smooth, 1 for each QRS complex, all look similar in size and shape

PR interval: 0.12-0.20 seconds

QRS:0.04-0.12 seconds
All QRS complexes look similar in size and shape

Sinus Tachycardia

7

2 medications for Anticoagulants

Heparin
Coumadin

8

let patient with pacemaker know that these 4 things could be complications

hiccuping
dizziness
fatigue
low radial pulse

9

ECG where:

Rate: not discernible.

Rhythm: not discernible.

P-wave: none

PR interval: none

QRS: none

Ventricular Fibrillation

10

for treatment of asystole what 2 things would you do

CPR
epinephrine

(dfib will not work)

11

ECG where:

Rate: absent.

Rhythm: absent.

P-wave: absent

PR interval: absent

QRS: absent.

Asystole

12

for treatment of V tach with NO PULSE and V fib what 3 things would you do

CPR
defibrilator
epinephrine

13

Strong Current indicated for Pulseless Rhythms

External Defibrillators

14

for treatment of V tach with a pulse

first you would give ____________

if that doesnt work, next you would do _________

amiodarone IVP
lidocane IVP

cardioversion

15

3 things before Cardioversion

Obtain consent
Give sedation
Anticoagulants

16

4 complications after Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)

Dysrhythmias
Sudden death
Heart failure
Cardiogenic shock

17

Includes stable angina, unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction

Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)

18

irregular, QRS wider than normal and no Pwave

PVC

19

every big box is ____ of a second on a ECG

.2 seconds

20

ST depressed is a sign of

cardiac ischemia

21

– obtain a 6-second strip and count the R waves; then multiply by 10

to determine _____

HR

(Ventricular Rate)

22

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery

Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery

Transmyocardial revascularization (TMR)

3 surgical treatments for ___

3 surgical treatments for Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)

23

Recommended HDL for males >__; for females, > __

40
50

24

4 causes of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)

Blunt trauma
Emboli
Atherosclerosis
Spasm

25

4 medical management for Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)

Morphiene (pain & anxiety)
Oxygen
Nitroglycerin
Asprin / clopiderol

26

the mode for a pace maker is either _____ or _____

demand – only when needed
fixed- asynchronous

(most patients on demand)

27

may be too high risk for some patients that are very elderly or have many co-morbidities such as poorly controlled DM or renal disease.

CABG Surgery

28

Chronic stable angina occurs with exertion, more likely to resolve with______& _______

rest and nitrates.

29

the ability of the pacemaker to recognize the body’s intrinsic or native electrical activity.

It is measured in millivolts

sensitivity

30

one major problem that can happen from AFIB is

CLOTS