Atypical sex chromosome patterns Flashcards Preview

(Y13) Gender (psychology) > Atypical sex chromosome patterns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Atypical sex chromosome patterns Deck (9):
1

what is Klienfelter's?

- effects i in 500/1000
- males but have XXY chromosomes (female characteristics)

2

what are the physical characteristics of klienfelter's?

- reduced body hair
- breast development at puberty
- round body contours
- long limbs
- undeveloped genitals
- clumsiness

3

what are the psychological characteristics of klienfelter's?

- bad language and reading skills
- passive and shy
- no intrest in sex
- bad with stress, memory and problem solving

4

what is Turner's syndrome?

- affects 1 in 5000
- absence of X chromosomes (X0) - 45 chromosomes instead of 46

5

what are the physical characteristics of Turner's syndrome?

- no periods/ sterile
- broad shielded chest
- low set ears and webbed neck
- prepubescent girls body

6

what are the psychological characteristics of Turner's?

- better than normal reading
- bad maths, visual and spatial memory
- socially immature
- trouble relating to others and fitting in

7

+ contribution to nature nurture debate

- by comparing these people to normal people, we can see the psychological and behavioural differences
- seen as result of biology/ nature

8

+/- environmental explanation

relationship between chromosome abnormalities and behaviour isn't causal
- environmental and social can affect individuals
(can assume everything stops do with nature)

9

+ practical application

- research into atypical chromosomes can lead to earlier diagnosis
- Herlihy (11) did study with 87 klienfelter people and found those treated at young age were better off