Flashcards in Cognitive explanation - Kohlberg's theory Deck (8):
what is Kohlberg's theory of states of development?
the theory (66) based on idea that gender develops with age - parallel to intellect and biological maturity
what is gender identity (stage)?
- age 2
- can identify themselves as male or female
- not aware that sex is permanent
what is gender stability (stage 2)?
- age 4
- realisation that gender is constant - can't apply logic to other situations
- confused by external changes like men with long hair
what is gender constancy (stage 3)?
- age 6
- know gender remains constant and applies it to others
- no fooled by external changes
what is imitation of role models?
- seek gender appropriate role models (links to SLT)
- believes kids look for evidence of gender constancy once they have a good concept at age 6
+ evidence supports sequence of stages
- slaby and frey (75) kids shown images of men and women doing tasks - young ones spent same time on both but constant people focused on ones of same sex to them (actively seek role models)
- Monroe (84) did cross cultural study and results were the same in kenya and nepal
- gender constacy not supported
- Bussey and Bandura (92) round kids as young as 4 like playing with gender appropriate toys
- contradicts kohl bergs but supports SLT