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Flashcards in Autism in Infants and Toddlers Deck (13)
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True or False:

Only 20% of children with Autism are diagnosed before age 3








True or False:

Life time cost of care can be reduced by 67% if a child receives early intervention







True or False:

Non-verbal children who receive early intervention in the preschool years, are more likely to become verbal than children who begin treatment after age 5







True or False:

In the DSM-5, the change that was made to diagnose Autism was to make the core domains were categorized into social communication deficits, repetitive behaviors, interests or activities.








What are some of the social communication deficits seen in children with Autism?



decreased orientation, awareness and responding to others

lack of initiation of play interactions

poor social imitation

reduced sharing of interests

poor eye contact





What are some of the language and speech skill limitations seen in children with Autism?


echolalia: imitation of speech of others

stereotypical speech: recite things heard on TV shows, conversations or repetitions of meaningless phrases

use of rote language

unusual amount of jargon





When a child with Autism is said to have restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, what does that mean?



means the child will line up toys or objects, repetitively open and close doors, turn lights on and off, repeated vocalizations, repetitive hand or body movement, etc.





What does it mean for a child with Autism have an adherence to routine?



routine has to done in a certain way

resistance to change, transitions or unpredictable events

verbal rituals: saying one or more things in a specific way



When a child with Autism is said to have highly, restricted or fixated interests what does that mean?


preoccupation or obsession with objects, games, people, behaviors

narrow range of interests

excessive talking about one or two selective topics

having to carry around or hold specific objects




This deficit manifest by not understanding symbols, either in conventional or shared meaning, resulting in difficulties using gestures, understanding and using standard meanings of words, etc.




Deficits in Symbolic Understanding





What are some of the characteristics of children with ASD with limited symbolic play?




deficit in symbolic, pretend and functional play

*have higher than normal constructive play skills





What are some of the early signs of Autism in a 6 month old?


not smiling to parents or others

not reacting to parents' presence

rare eye-contact with parent or caregiver during daily activities

lack of visual tracking of objects of people in their environment





What are signs of Autism in a child that is 12-36 months?


intense sensory seeking such as rocking, climbing, spinning, aimless walking or running

repetitive use of objects or non-functional play with objects

repetitive hand or body movements such as flapping and twisting