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Flashcards in Aviation Deck (186)
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61

Turn Indicators

Like a "level", if ball is uncentered aerodynamic forces are unbalanced.

62

Attitude Indicator

Miniature airplane and horizon bar. Indicates attitude of airplane relative to the true horizon.

63

Heading Indicator (aka directional gyro)

Basically compass, not affected by flight.

64

Turn Indicator

If aileron and rudder mvmnts are coordinated during turn, ball remains centered.

65

Magnetic Compass

Sets gyroscopic heading indicator. 30 degrees appears as 3.

66

Basic Flight Maneuvers

Straight and Level Turns Climbs Descents

67

Rudder moves

airplanes nose left and right

68

Aileron moves

Airplane wing

69

Elevator control moves

airplane nose up and down

70

Flying by attitude

visually establishing airplanes attitude with reference to natural horizon

71

Trim

Used to relieve all possible control pressures held after desired altitude has been attained

72

Straight and level flight

Main maneuver Constant heading and altitude is maintained Wing tips even with horizon

73

Level Turns

All 4 primary ctrls used (ailerons, elevator, throttle and rudder)

74

3 Types Level Turns

Shallow 20 degrees
Medium 20-45 degrees
Steep 45+ degrees

75

Empannage (cabin)

not considered a major component of an aircraft structure

76

Moving the control wheel or stick to the right will cause the right aileron to

Rotate forward

77

If the control wheel or stick is moved forward

Airspeed will increase
Aircraft pitch will change

78

If the left rudder is pressed then the aircraft will

Yaw

79

Mach refers to

Speed of Sound

80

As the radius of a turn decreases the

positive g-forces are increased

81

As altitude increases in order to maintain the same amount of lift an aircraft must

fly faster

82

If a pilot is instructed to land on Rwy 27 using a straight approach, the heading should be

270 degrees

83

When flaps are extended

Drag and lift increase

84

Which two flight controls are used to control the rate of a turn

Elevator and ailerons

85

An aircraft on a heading of 325 is flying

Northwest

86

Under normal VFR conditions how much of a pilots attention should be focused on cockpit instruments

10%

87

Large yellow X's painted on the end of the runway indicate

closed runway

88

The axis which extends lengthwise thru the fuselage from the nose to tail is

longitudinal axis

89

The transponder code which indicates an in-flight emergency is

7700

90

The ctrl system used primarily to relive the pilot from having to maintain constant pressure on the flight controls is the

Trim