Flashcards in B2.1.1 - Nutrients Deck (19)
Name the 7 components of a balanced diet.
Why do we need carbohydrates?
Why do we need lipids?
To protect organs
Why do we need protein?
Growth and repair of cells
Why do we need vitamins?
to stay healthy
Why do we need minerals?
To stay healthy
Why do we need water?
For the chemical reactions in our cells.
Why do we need fibre?
Adds bulk to food to keep it moving through the gut.
What is the definition of a balanced diet?
A diet that contains the correct amounts and types of nutrients.
Carbohydrates are found in which foods?
Do carbohydrates such as sugar release energy quickly or slowly?
Do starchy carbohydrates (found in bread and pasta) release their energy quickly or slowly?
Lipids can be
fats or oils
Scurvy is caused by
Vitamin C deficiency
Rickets is caused by
Vitamin D deficiency
Why do we need Vitamin D?
For healthy teeth and bones.
Where can we get vitamins and minerals?
Fruit and vegetables
Is fibre digested and absorbed by the body?
No - it just adds bulk to food to help it pass through the digestive system.