B2.1.1 - Nutrients Flashcards Preview

SHHS - Science - B2.1 Health and Lifestyle - Year 8 > B2.1.1 - Nutrients > Flashcards

Flashcards in B2.1.1 - Nutrients Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...
1

Name the 7 components of a balanced diet.

Carbohydrates
Lipids (fats/oils)
Protein
Vitamins
Minerals
Fibre
Water

2

Why do we need carbohydrates?

For energy

3

Why do we need lipids?

For energy
Insulation
To protect organs

4

Why do we need protein?

Growth and repair of cells

5

Why do we need vitamins?

to stay healthy

6

Why do we need minerals?

To stay healthy

7

Why do we need water?

For the chemical reactions in our cells.

8

Why do we need fibre?

Adds bulk to food to keep it moving through the gut.

9

What is the definition of a balanced diet?

A diet that contains the correct amounts and types of nutrients.

10

Carbohydrates are found in which foods?

Sugary foods
Bread
Rice
Pasta

11

Do carbohydrates such as sugar release energy quickly or slowly?

Quickly

12

Do starchy carbohydrates (found in bread and pasta) release their energy quickly or slowly?

Slowly

13

Lipids can be

fats or oils

14

Scurvy is caused by

Vitamin C deficiency

15

Rickets is caused by

Vitamin D deficiency

16

Why do we need Vitamin D?

For healthy teeth and bones.

17

Where can we get vitamins and minerals?

Fruit and vegetables

18

Is fibre digested and absorbed by the body?

No - it just adds bulk to food to help it pass through the digestive system.

19

Fibre is actually a type of...

carbohydrate.