B2.1.7 - Alcohol Flashcards Preview

SHHS - Science - B2.1 Health and Lifestyle - Year 8 > B2.1.7 - Alcohol > Flashcards

Flashcards in B2.1.7 - Alcohol Deck (13)
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1

What is the drug in alcoholic drinks?

Ethanol

2

Alcohol affects the nervous system that means it is a...

drug

3

How does alcohol affect the nervous system?

It slows it down

4

What do we call a drug that slows down the nervous system?

A depressant

5

An alcohol addict is called an...

alcoholic

6

Which contains more alcohol? Spirits such as vodka or Beer?

Spirits

7

What is meant by a unit of alcohol?

1 unit alcohol = 10 ml of pure ethanol

8

What impact does alcohol have on health?

Stomach ulcers
Heart disease
Brain damage
Liver damage (cirrhosis)

9

Why does drinking alcohol lead to liver damage?

The liver removes alcohol form the body.
The more it breaks down the more damaged it becomes.

10

Should pregnant women drink alcohol?

No!

11

Why should pregnant women not drink alcohol?

Drinking alcohol increases risk of:
- low birth weight
- miscarriage
- stillbirth
- Fetal alcohol syndrome

12

What is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

A condition that affects baby brain development caused by mothers drinking alcohol when pregnant.

13

Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause liver damage such as cirrhosis of the liver. Explain a possible effect of alcohol abuse on digestion.

1. Liver damage could decrease the amount of bile.
2. This affects the amount of fat that can be digested.
3. This means that essential nutrients are lost.
4. The person would lose weight