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Flashcards in B2PD.SYS3 Deck (14)
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1

Associated w/ atherosclerosis, HTN, Marfan's

Cough, Tracheal tug

Widening of superior mediastinum

Aortic arch aneurysm

2

Valvular disease, associated w/ rheumatic fever (sometimes Marfan's, syphillis)

Diastolic murmur heard in 2nd rt. intercostal space

Refer to cardiologist

Aortic incompetence

3

Valvular heart disease related to rheumatic fever

Systolic murmur right 2nd intercostal space

Refer to cardiologist

Aortic stenosis

4

Valvular heart disease associated w/ IV drugs

Staph aureus common

Damages previously healthy valves

Bacterial endcarditis

5

Compression of the heart by fluid in the pericardium

Distant Heart Sounds, High Jugular Venous Pressure, and Hypotension (Beck's Triad)

Cardiac tamponade

6

Congenital narrowing of the aorta beyond left subclavian artery

Present w/ hypertension in the upper limbs and delayed radiofemoral pulse

Coarctation of the Aorta

7

Most common congenital cyanotic heart disease, characterized by pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, overriding aorta, VSD

Fallot's Tetralogy

8

Overactive thyroid gland

Goiter, Tachycardia, Diarrhea, Bilateral Exophthalmos, Physiologic tremor

Hyperthyroidism

9

Valvular heart disease often associated w/ rheumatic fever

Presents w/ pansystolic murmur heard in 5th intercostal space at midclavicular line

Mitral incompetence

10

Valvular heart disease often related to rheumatic disease

Presents w/ malar flush and diastolic murmur heard in 5th left intercostal space

Mitral Stenosis

11

Breakaway clot

Dyspnea, pleuritic chest pain, hemoptysis

Positive D-DImer test

Pulmonary embolism

12

Disease caused by infection of previously damaged heart valves by streptococcus viridans

Fatigue, low grade fever, anemia, spinter hemorrhages, clubbing of the fingers

Subacute bacterial endocarditis

13

Congenital occlusion of the subclavian artery with shunting of blood via the vertebral arteries

Syncope on upper body exercises, Radio-radial delay

 

Subclavian Steal Syndrome

14

Edema of face, distended neck and upper limb veins

Often seen w/ lymphoma

SVC obstruction