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Flashcards in B2PD.SYS1 Deck (24)
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1

Sudden increase in intraocular pressure; blocked canal of schlemm

Red eye (painful) , hard eye, blurry vision

Requires referal

Acute Glaucoma

2

One dilated pupil, Reacts poorly to light

Benign condition affects women

Refer to neurologist

Adie's Pupil/Tonic Pupil

3

Related to 3° syphilis or MS

One pupil small reacts poorly to light, well to accomodation

Refer to neurologist

Argyll Robertson Pupil

4

Inflammation of the eyelids

Etiology: Staph, Allergy or Seborrhea

Swollen Itching Under Eyelids

Refer to dermatologist

Blepharitis

5

Periorbital edema, Diplopia

Possibly complication of facial infxn

Immediate referal to hospital

Cavernous sinus thrombosis

6

Benign granuloma of tarsal gland

Painless swelling on inside of eyelid, May become infected

Refer to ophthalmologist

Chalazion

7

Gradual increase in intraocular pressure

Excessive aqueous humor or gradual canal obstruction

Gradual vision loss, tunnel

Cupping of optic disc

Refer to ophthalmologist

Chronic glaucoma

8

Infection, viral typically

Itching, pain, tearing, red eye w/ discharge

Refer to MD

Conjunctivitis

9

Damage in the retina

Microaneurysms, flame hemorrhage

Blurred vision

Diabetic retinopathy

10

Older patient

Sagging of lower lid

Ectropion

11

In turning of eyelid

Congenital or thrachomatis complication

Painful

Refer to ophthalmologist

Entropion

12

Nasopharynx blockage

Inward pulling of tympanic membrane

Decreased hearing

Eustachian tube blockage

13

Infected hair follicle of eyelash

Often Staph

Red swelling on margin of eyelid

Refer to MD

Hordeolum

14

Sympathetic chain damage

Unilateral ptosis, miosis, anhydrosis

Complication of PC tumor, Carotid dissection, Brain stem ischemia

Refer to neurologist

Horner's syndrome

15

Inflammation, gritty feeling with redness  around iris

Possible complication of SLE, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's, Sarcoidosis

Refer to ophthalmologist

Iritis

16

Central loss of vision, macula blurry, and pigmented

MC elderly, white

Refer to ophthalmologist

Macular degeneration

17

Attacks of vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss

Refer to ENT specialist if dietary changes and chiropractic unsuccessful

Meniere's disease

18

Autoimmune disorder; attack on ACh receptor

Bilateral ptosis and diplopia

MC women, middle aged

co-manage w/ neurologist

Myasthenia gravis

19

Inflammation of external auditory canal

Bacterial, fungal, allergic

Ear pain that worsens w/ traction

Refer to ENT specialist

Otitis externa

20

Inflammation of middle ear

Viral (Hemophilus Influenza) or bacterial

MC children

Pain, hearing loss, fever, loss of appetite
Red bulging tympanic membrane

Weber's lateralizes to affected side, Rinne shows greater bone conduction

If chiropractic unsuccessful refer to ENT specialist

Otitis media

21

Abscess following tonsilitis

Fever, sore throat, unilateral pharyngeal tonsil swelling

Refer to ENT specialist

Peritonsillar abscess

22

Yellow triangular thickening of bulbar conjuctiva on inner and outer margins of cornea

Does not grow on cornea

Pinguecula

23

Triangular thickening of bulbar conjuctiva extends from medial corner of eye towards cornea

Related to chronic irritation in dry climates

If encroaches on cornea refer to ophthalmologist

Pterygium

24

Inflammation of skin w/ high concentration of sebaceous glands

Dandruff, scaly itching eyebrows and eyelids

 

Seborrheic dermatitist