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Flashcards in Bacteria Deck (29)
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1

Actinomyces israellii

gram-positive, filamentous that fragment, facultative and strict anaerobes, mucosal surface

2

Actinomyces israillii infection

pyogenic abscesses by sinus tract, sulfur granules form in tissue, oral abcesses from trauma or poor hygiene

3

Actinomyces israillii control

penicillin, tetracycline, macrolide

4

Nocardia asteroides

gram-positive, filamentous, partially acid fast, aerobic, fragment, common in soil

5

Nocardia asteroides infection

exogenous bronchopulmonary infections in immunocompromised, disseminates in CNS, lymphocutaneous infection and brain abscesses

6

Nocardia asteroides control

trimeth-sulfameth, carbapenem+- amikacin

7

Peptostreptococcus

gram positive cocci, anaerobe, non-spore forming

8

Peptostreptococcus infection

brain abcess, pulmonary infection, intra-abdominal infection, female pelvic infection, skin and soft tissue infection

9

peptrostreptococcus control

penicillin, clindamycin, imipenem

10

Streptococcus

gram positive cocci, anaerobe, non-spore forming

11

Streptococcus infection

brain abcess, pulmonary infection, intra-abdominal infection, female pelvic infection, skin and soft tissue infection

12

Streptococcus control

penicillin, clindamycin, imipenem

13

Propionibacterium acnes

associated with acne, gram positive rod

14

Bacteroides fragilis group

gram negative rods, Prevotella, porphromonas, fusobacterium

15

bacteroides fragilis group infection

brain, oral, URT, dental, sinuses, LRT, female genial tract

16

Bacteroides fragilis group control

drain, debride, metronidazole, clindamyin, imipenem

17

Bacillus antracis

gram positive rod, endospores, soil inhabitants, fac. anaerobes, catalase pos, non-motile

18

Bacillus antracis infection

toxemia, intestinal, inhalation

19

bacillus antracis control

penicillin, doxycyline, quinolone, vaccine

20

Bacillus cereus

gram positive rod, endospores, soil inhabitants, fac. anaerobes, catalase pos, motile

21

Bacillus cereus infection

emetic, diarrheal, bacteremia, pneumonia, opthalmitis, osteomyelitis

22

Bacillus cereus control

proper food storage, vanomycin, clindamycin

23

Bacillus subtilis

gram positive rod, endospores, soil inhabitants, fac. anaerobes, catalase pos

24

Bacillus subtilis infection

emetic gastroenteritis, sepsis

25

Bacillus licheniformis

gram positive rod, endospores, soil inhabitants, fac. anaerobes, catalase pos

26

Bacillus licheniformis infection

diarrheal gastroenteritis

27

Bordetella pertussis

gram negative coccobacilli, aerobe, capsule, pili

28

Bordetella pertussis infection

pertussis in children, persistent cough in adults

29

Bordella pertussis control

vaccine, macrolide