Bacterial Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bacterial Diseases Deck (28):
1

Impetigo

Honey color facial crust
Pyoderma (pus)
S aureus, S pyo

2

Bullous impetigo

Exfoliative toxin A
S aureus

3

Wound infection cuts, burns etc

S aureus, S pyo

4

Bacteremia

S pneumoniae (infants)

5

SIRS criteria

temp outside 36-38C
pulse >90
RR >20
WBC outside 4k-12k
WBC >10 immature

6

Sepsis

SIRS + proven/suspected infection

7

Severe sepsis

Sepsis + organ dysfunction

8

Septic shock

Refractory hypotension, lactic acidosis

9

Metastatic abcesses, infective endocarditis, infective arthritis most caused by...

S aureus

10

Food poisoning <24hr duration, headache, nausea, VOMITING, diarrhea

S aureus SEA/ingested enterotoxin

11

Scalded skin syndrome

Exfoliatin toxins ETA and ETB, break desmosomes. S aureus, Skin sloughs in sheets.

12

Toxic shock

superantigens, TSST-1 or Enterotoxins A,B,C

13

Pharyngitis

Mostly virus, but some GAS (strep throat)

14

Erysipelas

Spreading, red painful face/extremity lesion, GAS

15

Cellulitis

Spreading skin inflammation...GAS

16

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Pyrogenic endotoxins
S aureus, GAS, Clostridia, enteric bacteria

17

Scarlet Fever

Pharyngitis w/ fever
Rash "strawberry tongue" "sandpaper trunk"
GAS toxin

18

Toxic shock like syndrome

GAS toxin

19

Acute rheumatic fever

Fever, painful swollen joints
Immunological sequelae
3 wk after Strep Throat
some GAS subtypes

20

Acute Glomerulonephritis

Edema, hypertension, decreased urination, hematuria
Immunological sequelae
after Strep throat or pyoderma

21

Puerperal infection / postpartum endometritis / childbed fever

GAS, contamination of uterus during childbirth
Prevented by handwashing

22

Pneumonia

S pneumoniae, H influenzae, could be S aureus, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas

23

Meningitis (adult/kid)

S pneumoniae, S meningitidis
NMEC, GBS

24

Hemolytic uremic syndrome

EHEC shiga toxin blocks protein synth
low RBCs, low platelets, acute renal failure

25

UTI / acute cystitis

UPEC, Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterococcus, Enterobacter.

26

Pyelonephritis aka urosepsis

UTI that ascended
OR S aureus bacteremia that descended

27

Pseudomembranous colitis

C diff

28

Bloody diarrhea

EIEC, EHEC, Campylobacter jejuni, Shigella, Salmonella