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Flashcards in Bacteriology Deck (148):
1

Obligate intracellular

Rickettsiae
Chlamydia

2

Bird francier's disease

Psittacosis
Chlamydia psittaci

3

Cross reaction with antigens of ox strains of proteus. Detection of antirickettsial antibodies

Weil-felix reaction

4

Palm and sole rashes
CARS

Coxackie A
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Syphilis

5

Associated with atherosclerosis

Chlamydia pneumoniae

6

Cat scratch dse in IC, bacillary angiomatosis in IS

Bartonella henselae

7

DOC rickettsia

Doxycycline

8

Pseudoappendicitis (mesenteric adenitis)

Yersinia enterolitica

9

Granuloma inguinale (donovanosis)
Beefy red velvety ulcer
Pseudobuboes
Donovan bodies

Klebsiella granulomatis

10

Gram positive lancet shaped in pairs or short chains

Strep pneumoniae

11

DOC group D strep
S. Bovis, e. Faecalis

Penicillin + gentamycin

12

DOC pontiac fever

Azithromycin
Erythromycin

13

DOC for HiB

Ceftriaxone

14

MCC epiglottitis
Thumb sign

H. Influenzae

15

Satellitism around staph aureus d/t factor V

H. Influenzae

16

Agent of Post viral pneumonia

Staph aureus

17

Toxin involved in SSS

Exfoliatin

18

DOC S. Saprophyticus

Cotrimoxazole
Quinolones

19

Toxin in scarlet fever

Erythrogenic toxin

20

Pathogenesis of ARF

Antibodies to M protein
Type II HSR

21

Perioral lesions with honey crusting, neutrophils below s. Corneum

Impetigo contagiosa
S. Pyogenes

22

Strawberry tongue
Centrifugal sandpaper rash
Pastia's lines

Scarlet fever

23

Test for susceptibility to scarlet fever

Dick test

24

Virulence factor for necrotizing fasciitis

Exotoxin B
Strep pyogenes

25

Virulence factor for erysipelas - deep dermis cellulitis

Hyaluronidase
S. Pyogenes

26

Retropharyngeal abscess caused by s. Pyogenes

Quincy abscess

27

Abscess in osteomyelitis caused by s. Aureus

Brodie's abscess

28

Toxin in s. Aureus that causes hemolysis and skin necrosis

Alpha toxin

29

AGE usually due to contaminated mayonnaise

Staph aureus
Enterotoxin, heat stable

30

DOC for formation of glycocalyx in prosthesis

Vancomycin
S. Epidermidis

31

Anti DNAse b positive

S. Pyogenes

32

Toxin similar to TSST1

Pyogenic exotoxin A from s. Pyogenes

33

2 virulence factors of v. Cholerae

Mucinase
Enterotoxin - choleragen - ADP ribosylation

34

DOC for Vibrio cholerae

Azithromycin
Tetracyclines

35

DOC for v. Vulnificus and v. Parahaemolyticus

Minocycline
+ fluoroquinolones/ cefotaxime

36

MCC of bacterial gastroenteritis

C. Jejuni

37

Assoc with GBS due to antigenic cross reaction

C. Jejuni

38

Urease positive organisms

Proteus
Klebsiella
H. Pylori
Ureaplasma

39

Cancer assoc with h. Pylori

Gastric carcinoma
Malt lymphoma

40

Triple and quad therapy for h. Pylori

Omeprazole
Metronidazole
Clarithromycin or amoxicillin
+\- bismuth

41

Reactive arthritis
Urethritis
Uveitis

Reiter's syndrome
C. Jejuni

42

Facultative gram neg rods
With large polysaccharide capsule
Esbl activity
Urease positive

Klebsiella pneumoniae

43

DOC for necrotizing pneumonia

Cephalosporin +\- aminoglycoside

44

DOC for proteus

TMP SMX
Ampicillin

45

Complicated uti
Struvite stone formation

Proteus

46

Grape like odor of p. aeruginosa

Aminoacetophenone

47

MCC of OE, CSOM

P. aeruginosa

48

Mild form of necrotizing enterocolitis

Shanghai fever
P. aeruginosa

49

Green bile pigment in pseudomonas due to

Pyocyanin

50

Main anaerobe in colon

Bacteroides fragilis

51

DOC for bacteroides

Metronidazole
Clindamycin
Cefoxitin

52

Contaminated dairy

Brucella abortis

53

DOC for brucella

Doxyxycline + rifampin

54

From tick bite (dermacentor)

Francisella tularemia

55

Most virulent bacteria

Yersinia pestis

56

Short encapsulated gram neg rod
Buttery colonies with musty odor due to indole

Pasteurella multocida

57

DOC for dse with buboes, cutaneous hemorrhage

Streptomycin
Tetracycline
(Yersinia)

58

Assay for mycobacterium drug resistance

Luciferase assay

59

Site of GI TB

Ileocecal

60

Cat II tb treatment

2HRZES, 1HRZE
5HRE

61

Action of cord factor

Prevents leukocyte migration

62

Cholesterol in cell membrane

Mycoplasma pneumonae

63

With Cold agglutinins vs. RBC, autoantibodies against liver, lung, brain

Mycoplasma

64

MC infectious cause of SLE

Mycoplasma

65

DOC of mycoplasma

Erythromycin
Azithromycin

66

Enlarged unilateral sternoclavicular area

Higoumenakis sign
T. Pallidum

67

MC COD in congenital syphilis

Pulm hemorrhage

68

Hutchinson triad

Hutchinson teeth
Deafness
Keratitis

69

False positive VDRL

Viruses
Marijuana
RA, RA
Lupus, leprosy

70

Gram neg facultative rods, nonlactose fermenting, h2s positive

Salmonella

71

Dse caused by Vi capsular antigen

Typhoid fever
S. Typhi

72

Ttt for chronic carrier state of s. Typhi

Ampicillin due to enterohepatic recycling

73

Salmonella forms that cause enterocolitis

S. Enteritidis
S. Typhimurium

74

Salmonella type causing septicemia in pt with sickle cell anemia or cancer

S. Choleraesuis

75

DOC for salmonella

Ceftriaxone
Ciprofloxacin

76

Week and sample for dx of s. Typhi
Bleeding, ileitis, pneumonia

3rd week
Stool
BM

77

Samples for carrier testing in s. Typhi

Bile
Stool
Bm

78

Boxcar shape, medusa head colony

Bacillus anthracis

79

Poly d glutamate capsule

Bacillus anthracis

80

DOC for cutaneous anthrax

Ciprofloxacin

81

Enlarged mediastinal LN
MC COD pulm hemorrhage

Inhalational anthrax
Woolsorter's dse

82

DOC for b. Cereus

Vanco
High dose clindamycin
Genta or cipro

83

Agent causing ophthalmitis
Loss of light perception in 48 hrs

B. Cereus

84

Reheated fried rice

B. Cereus

85

Terminal end spore

C. Tetani

86

Protease cleaving CHON > glycine release from renshaw cells > spastic paralysis

Tetanospasmin

87

Alkaline veg, canned food, honey, smoked fish

C. Botulinum

88

Botox

Exotoxin a of C. Botulinum

89

Triad of botulism

Descending flaccid paralysis
No fever
Intact sensorium

90

Bulbar signs of botulism

Dysphagia
Diplopia
Dysphonia
Dysarthria

91

Eye signs of botulism

Mydriasis
BOV
Diplopia
Ptosis

92

Double hemolysis on blood agar due to lecithinase

C. Perfringens

93

Exotoxin detected in stool due yo cytopathic effects

C. Difficile

94

Toxin causing pseudomembrane form'n

Exotoxin a and b of c. Difficile

95

DOC for C. Perfringens

Penicillin

96

DOC for C. Difficile

Metronidazole
Vancomycin

97

Causes flare up of UC

C. Difficile

98

Club, comma, chinese character

C. Diphtheriae

99

Babes ernst/ volutin granules

C. Diphtheriae

100

Test for toxigenicity of Diphtheria

Modified elek test

101

Unpasteurized milk

Listeria
Brucella

102

Fx that transport listeria from cell to cell

Actin rockets

103

Granulomatous infantiseptica

Listeria

104

Internalin binding to e cadherin

Listeria

105

Gram + rods
Narrow beta hemolysis
Cold enhancement

Listeria

106

Human bite

Eikinella corrodens

107

Assoc with close quarters

N. Meningitidis

108

Chemoprophylaxis of neisseria meningitidis

Rifampin

109

Virulence factors include
Pili
IgA protease
Lipooligosaccharide

Neisseria gonorrhea

110

Violin string adhesions
Perihepatitis

Fitz hugh curtis syndrome

111

Ttt for neisseria in pregnant

Ceftriaxone + azithromycin

112

Metallic sheen in emb

E coli

113

Ttt for shigella

Ciprofloxacin

114

MCC epidemic dysentery

Shigella dysentirae type 1 shiga bacillus

115

Toxin causing HUS, hemorrhagic colitis

Verotoxin
Shiga like toxin

116

MCC travelers diarrhea

ETEC

117

Persistent watery stools in aids pts

EAEC

118

EHEC type

O157:H7

119

E coli antigens in:
Flagellar
Endotoxin
Capsule

Flagellum : h antigen
Endotoxin : o antigen
Capsule : k antigen

120

Phase with constant growth rate

Log / exponential phase

121

Phase where (+) spore formation

Phase 3 max stationary

122

Obligate anaerobes

Actinomycetes
Bacteroides
Clostridium

123

Aerotolerant anaerobes

Propionobacterium
Lactobacillus

124

Spore formers

Bacillus
Clostridium

125

Lactose fermenters

Citrobacter
Klebsiella
E coli
Enterobacter

126

MCC bacillary dysentirae

S. Sonnei

127

Newcastle manchester bacillus

S. Boydii

128

Duval's bacillus

S. Sonnei

129

Hiss and russell's bacillus

S. Flexneri

130

Ttt for erythema nodosum

Thalidomide

131

Ttt for nocardioses

Cotrimoxazole + drainage

132

Fite faraco stain

Nocardia asteroides

133

Aerobic
Filamentous rods with aerial hyphae

nocardia asteroides

134

Hard nontender nodule
Sinus tracts
Sulfur granules

Actinomycoses

135

Assoc with fractured jaw, dental extraction

Actinomyces israelli

136

Ttt for actinomyces

Pen g
Drainage

137

Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans

Borrelia burgdorferi

138

Transmitted. Thru ixodes scapularis

Borrelia burgdorferi

139

Ttt for early or localized lyme dse

Doxycycline

140

Bullseye or target lesions

Erythema chronicum migrans
Lyme dse stage 1

141

Largest med relevant bac stains well with aniline dyes

Borrelia burgdorferi

142

Transmitted by pediculus humanus

Borrelia recurrentis

143

Shepherds crook

Leptospira interrogans

144

Initial lesion of leptospirosis

Vasculitis due to damage to endothelium

145

God standard for leptospirosis

Lepto MAT

146

Weil syndrome triad

Jaundice
Bleeding
Uremia

147

Chemoprophylaxis of leptospirosis

Doxycycline

148

Halberstadter prowazek inclusions

Trachoma
C. Trachomatis