Bandaging/Wound Healing Flashcards Preview

VN LAB FINAL > Bandaging/Wound Healing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bandaging/Wound Healing Deck (16):
1


Stages of Wound Healing


Inflammatory

Debridement

Repair

Maturation

2


Types of wound

  • Abrasions
  • degloving
  • burns
  • lacerations
  • puncture wound
  • crushing wound
  • avulsion

3


Wound Classification


Clean

Clean/Contaminated

Contaminated

Dirty/infected

4


Factors affecting healing


Age

Nutrition

Immune status

Circulation

Infections

Stress

Other illnesses

 

5


Wound Lavage


removes debris

reduce bacteria

Use solution w/o antibiotics, soaps, antiseptic

6


wound debridement


Surgical removal of necrotic tissue

Removeal of foreign materials

use hypertonic solution (Sugar/honey)

7

Purposes for Bandages

Complications


Aid in wound healing

Prevents contamination

Wound debridement

Changes at least weekly with daily care

 

Complications

Skin/tissue necrosis

Dermatitis

Ineffective treatment

Vascular compromise

8

Layers

Primary Layer

  • Direct contact with wound
  • Debridement
  • Deliver medication
  • Seal wounds
  • Transmit exudate to 2nd layer
  • Teflon layer

Occulsive - Films, foams, hydrocolloids, hydrogel. Prevents moisture from getting in

Semi-occlusive - Retains moisture on wound surface and allows fluids into 2nd layer

Adherent - Provides debridement. on early stages of wound healing

Dry-Dry

Wet-Dry

Wet-Wet

Nonadherent - absorbs excess fluid from wound

Secondary Layer

  • Aborsbs exudate
  • Support
  • Compression
  • cotton wrap

Tertiary Layer

  • Holds bandages in place
  • Immobilzes
  • Protects from environment
  • Vet Wrap

 

 

9


Bandage Types

 

Modified Robert Jones  Vs Robert Jones


Modified Robert Jones

  • Most common
  • Forelimb
  • Hindlimb
  • Protect wound
  • Provide support
  • Prevent swelling

50% overlap

Work distal to proximal

middle 2 toes is exposed

 

Robert Jones

  • Distal limb fractures
  • Immobilizes
  • Supports

Primary layer (Optional)

Roll cotton (Large amount)

Vet wrap

10

Spints

  • Plastic or Aluminum or molded (water activated fiberglass)
  • Forelimb or Hindelimb
  • Placed lateral or caudal
  • Stability to fracture

 

Cast padding

rolled gauze

splint

rolled gauze

vetwrap

11


Spica Splint

Stabilizes Humerus and Femur

Splint is laterally placed over shoulder or hip

12


Schroeder-Thomas Splint


For distal limb fractures

Immobilizes elbow, carpus & Stifle, tarsus

13


Casts

For fractures below elbow or stifle

 

Stirrups

Stockinette

Cast padding

Rolled gauze

Cast material

Vetwrap

14


Ehmer sling


Prevent weight bearing of pelvic limb

Hip luxation

Acetabular fracture

15

Robinson Sling

Prevent weight bearing on hindelimb with some rage of tarsus and stifle motion

16

Velpeau Sling


Sling for forelimb

Immobilize shoulder

Scapular fractures

Shoulder luxation