Uroliths/Feeding Tube/C-section Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Uroliths/Feeding Tube/C-section Deck (12):
1

Canine gestation period

 

# of chromosomes

 

Eyes open

 

Ears open

 

weaning age

Gestation:  63-65 days

 

Chromosomes: 39 pairs = 78

 

Eyes open:  10-15 days

 

Ears open 15-17 days

 

weaning age:  3-4 weeks

2


Prep


Preanesthetic Blood panel

IV Fluids

ET Tube

Shave and prep abdomen

Local anesthetic and inhalant anesthetic

 

3


Puppies

 

  • Rub gently but vigorisiously to stimulate breathing
  • Drain fluid from lungs with bulb syringe or shakeing
  • Give a drop of respiratory stimulant on tongue if not breathing
  • Tie umbilcial cord once it starts breathing
  • Put under heat lamp

4

Nasogastric tube

 

Nasoesopheageal Tube


Materials

  • Red rubber cathether
  • 5 French (Cats)
  • 8 French (Dogs)
  • Lube: Lidacaine
  • Topical anesthetic: ophtalmic drops
  • Ecollar
  • White tape
  • Needle

 

Measure

Tip of nose to last rib (Nasygastric)

Tip of nose to 9-10th rib (Nasoesopheageal tube)

 

Procedure

Pass thru ventral meatus

Suture tube with 3-0 on side of nose

 

Ad/Disad

  • Cheap
  • Easy to do
  • No/Little anesthesia
  • Uncomfortable
  • Feed only liquid diet

 

5


Pharygostomy

 

Esophagostomy

Red rubber silicon cathether

12-14 French

Rt. Lateral recumbancy

Shave and Prep neck (Mid cervical region)
 

 

Pharygostomy

Less used

Possible Aspiration

 

Esophagostomy

More tolerated

 

Ad/Disad

  • Cheap
  • > 1 week
  • more food option
  • Needs anesthesia
  • Infection
  • Scarring
  • Done by vet

6


Gastrotomy

Pezzar mushroom tip

Tom Cat cathether

Rt. laberal recumbancy

Shave left side of abdomen

 

 

Ad/Disad

  • Bypass esophagus
  • Feed any size diet
  • placed 1 month
  • expensive
  • requires anesthesia
  • infection
  • peritonitis

 

7

Bladder stone causes

 

  • Abnormal Urine pH  (Dogs and cats have slightly acidic urine)
  • Bacteria (E. Coli, Staphy, Proteus)
  • Minerals  (Calcium, phosphorous, ammonia, magnesium)
  • Diseases (Liver shunts)

8


Stones Signs & Tests


signs

  • strangiuria
  • hematuria
  • Pollakiuria

Diagnostic

  • Radiograph
  • Urine analysis
  • Urine culture
  • Ultrasound

9


Struvite


Most common type of stones

Common in female except dalmation

MAP

10


Calcium Oxalate


2nd most common

Monohydrate and dihydrate

Common in neutered males

11

Urate and ammonium Urate


Common in dalmation

12


Urinary Cathether types & Size


Bitch catheter (stainless steel)

Foley Catheter (Balloon, add 3-5 ml of air)

Red rubber

 

Speculum

 

Size:  4-8 French