Dental/Opthamology Flashcards Preview

VN LAB FINAL > Dental/Opthamology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dental/Opthamology Deck (19):
1

Lacrimal System


Produce tears

Drains tears

2


Schirmer Tear test

Use strip

 

Dogs

Normal:  15-25 mm/min

Keratoconjuctivitis: 

3

Flourescein Dye

Ulceration of Cornea

Superficial

Mid Stromal

Deep Stromal aka decimal layer

 

Rx tears - DO NOT USE STEROIDS

4

Keratoconjunctiva Sicca


Signs

  • Thick occular discharge
  • Blepharitis (squinting)
  • Cloudy Cornea

 

Treat

  • Artifical tears
  • Immune suppressant drugs (wear gloves)
  • Optimmune
  • Cannot be cured but managable

 

5


Glaucoma

1 degree

High Pressure in anterior chamber

Starts unilateral (6months~1year)

 

>20mm Hg

Normal:  10-20mm HG

 

2nd degree

Uvitis - Inflammation in the anterior chamber

Fungal, Trauma

Unable to drain aqueous humor

 

 

Tests

  • Digital tonometry
  • Schiotz
  • Tonopen
  • Gonioscopy

 

 

6

Enucleation


Removal of eye

7

Tooth Extractor

8

Dental Probe

Check for periodontal pocket in the sulcus

9

Hand Scalers

Shepards crook

Removes plaque from surface

10

Mouth gag

11

Prophy Angle

 

Polishes teeth

12

Dental Hoe

13

Tartar removing forcep

14


Dental layer

Carnasal tooth


Layers

Enamel  (Outer)

Dentin (2nd layer)

Pulp (Inner layer)

 

Crown (Exposed tooth)

Root (Under the gums)

 

Carnasal tooth = 4th premolar

15

Dental Formula

 

Dogs

Cats

Dogs

3142

3143

 

Cats

3131

3121

16


Dental Diseases

 

Gingiva scoring

 

Abnormal pocket measure

 

Chart

  • Periodontal disease - infection b/t teeth and gums
  • Gingivitis - inflammation of the gums
  • Halitosis - Bad breath
  • Gingival Hyperplasia - overgrowth of gums covering part or all of tooth
  • Oral Tumors
  • Tongue lesions

 

Dogs do not get cavities

Tartar = Calculus

 

Gingiva scoring

O - Healthy

I - Mild gingivitis

II - Moderate

III - severe

 

Abnormal pocket measure

Cats:  >1mm

Dogs:  > 3mm

 

Charts

Extraction:  X over tooth

Missing:  O over tooth

17


Causes for dental disease


Bacterial overgrowth

Daily plaque accumulation

Tartar formation

Inherited

Issues with deciduous teeth

18

Signs of dental disease


Halitosis

Inflamed gums

Bleeding gums

Mobile teeth

19


Treatment

Dental scaling

Polishing

Gum surgery

Tooth extraction

apply local Antimicrobials