Bandura's social cognitive learning theory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bandura's social cognitive learning theory Deck (9)
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1

Observational learning/modeling

direct reinforcement can't account for all types of learning; people also learn by observing the actions of others; internal mental states are an essential part of this process - continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral and environmental influences; can learn new information without demonstrating new behaviors

2

3 basic models of observational learning

1. live model - actual person demonstrating or acting out a behavior 2. verbal - descriptions and explanations of behavior 3. symbolic model - books, films, TV programs or online media (real or fictional)

3

intrinsic reinforcement

internal rewards - pride, satisfaction, sense of accomplishment

4

attention

novel or interesting model or situation increases attention

5

retention of information

ability to pull up info later is vital - symbolic coding, cognitive organization, symbolic rehearsal, and motor rehearsal

6

reproduction

need to actually perform the behavior you observed - the more practice, the more skill improvement/advancement; need accurate feedback; self-observation of reproduction

7

motivation

have to want to initiate the behavior - reinforcement or punishment can play important role in motivation; either experience yourself (external and self reinforcement) or see someone experience them (vicarious)

8

self-efficacy

belief in one's capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations; belief in one's ability to succeed in a particular situation

9

4 sources of self-efficacy

1. mastery experiences - performing task successfully 2. social modeling - seeing people like ourselves successfully completing a task 3. social persuasion - encouragement can overcome self-doubt 4. psychological responses - mood/emotions/physical reactions in a particular situation affects our belief how well we will do in that situation; perceptions/thoughts about these reactions are crucial; can learn to reduce stress/elevate mood when facing difficult or challenging tasks.