Freud's psychodynamic/psychosexual theory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Freud's psychodynamic/psychosexual theory Deck (20)
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1

Born with

basic animal unconscious instincts that require immediate gratification

2

Development depends on

transforming these instincts into socially acceptable, rational behavior; range of behavior is very broad at birth and becomes reduced in scope and shaped to conform to social norms during development.

3

5 psychosexual stages

focus on different erogenous zones - oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

4

Conflicts in personality developments

happen when child is either deprived or overindulged during any of the 5 stages

5

fixation

continued, persistent focus on that stage - stuck; happens if issue is not resolved at that stage

6

id

pleasure seeking

7

libido

psychosexual energy - driving force behind behavior

8

Theory focuses

on mental disorders/abnormal development rather than normal functioning

9

Oral stage

birth to age 1 - primary source of interaction is via mouth - rooting and sucking reflex; derives pleasure through oral satisfaction; dependent on caregiver - build trust & comfort via oral satisfaction

10

Primary issue/conflict in oral stage

weaning from caregiver/less dependent; fixation - become dependent/aggressive - problems with drinking, eating, smoking or nail biting

11

Anal stage

age 1 - 3 - primary focus - bladder & bowel movements; with positive encouragement of parents in this stage, children can become competent, productive and creative adults

12

Primary issue/conflict in anal stage

control bodily needs via toilet training - leads to sense of accomplishment and independence; fixation - parents too lenient/not enough pressure - anal explosive - messy, wasteful or destructive personality; anal retentive - parents too strict, too much pressure, shaming, punishing, too early - stringent, orderly, rigid and obsessive personality

13

Phallic stage

age 3-6 - primary focus on genitals - recognize gender differences with the goal of identifying with same-sex parent and adopting values and traits.

14

Oedipus complex

boys want to possess mom and replace dad - rivalry for mom's affection & fear of punishment by dad (castration anxiety) - successful resolution leads to development of superego

15

Electra complex

girls theory - Freud just believed penis envy - no resolution for women. Later theorists disputed that - men have womb envy, cannot give birth (Karen Horney)

16

Latent period

age 6 - puberty - sexual energy is present but not at forefront, directed into intellectual pursuits and social interactions; period of calm; develop social and communication skills and self-confidence

17

Ego

mediates demands of id (basic urges), superego (moral, idealistic standards) and reality (reality principle), houses individual identity; satisfy urges in realistic and socially appropriate ways

18

Superego

internalized ideals that we get from parents and society; suppress urges from id and make ego behave morally, rather than realistically; ego ideal (what is good) & conscience (what is bad)

19

Genital Stage

puberty - death - strong sexual interest in opposite sex; interest in welfare of others increases; goal - establish balance between various life areas

20

Criticism

focused on male development; cannot test scientifically (measure libido?); cause and effect too vague; too long of time between childhood experience and current behavior; case studies not empirical research; recollections of adult patients, not study or observation of children