Flashcards in Baroque and Classical from History 1 Deck (105)
Baroque Era dates?
Which era is in 1600-1750?
Classical era years?
End of 18th century is the ....
High Classical Era
Balanced, dramatic dyanmic changes
Composers in Baroque
Composers Classical era
American Revolution dates
Opera SeriaOpera BuffaDrama GiocosoSingespiel
Style is ....
Repertoir, Composition Title, Genre
Mozart paragraph points
Elegant, songful melodiesDriven by the court, not folkCourtley astheticsMood ranged from lively to somber
Mozarts writting notes
Contra-punctal lines interweave thru diff orchestral partsModerate chromatic harmonyPyscological depth operaExpanded the architecture of opera finale: act 2 Marriage of Figgaro
Took care of family and went to U of Bonn fell in love with Lorchen 17-22
1-8 lived with father as teacher11-17 in Bonn taught by Christian Gottlob Neefe
Went to Vienna in 1792, french recolution getting too closetonBonn.1796 tour Europe started selling works
Beethoven established era 1800-1806
Lot of political movement just prior1801 started loosing hearingDarkest time 1802Increased to 1806 highest point: wrote 3-8 symphony, violin concerto, Waldstein sonatas
Beethoven war era
1808-1812Hard times, still composedHaydn passed away 1809Beethoven Maelzel fundraising: Battle symphony
Beethoven decline era
1812-1820'sStruggled with loss of hearingSocially strugglingBrother died 1815, nephew Karl problems very distracting
Beethoven final years
1820'sReceived grwat commisions europe, america. Wrote 9th symphonyStarting to break barriersAlso weakinging healthPassed away 1827
powerful rhythmic drivePreferred diatonic harmonyatmosphere for scenesexpressive phrasing in vocal, majestic archesvirtuosic arias
Simple, elegant, songful melodies*Dramatic thematic contrastinterweaving contrapunctual lines, colour orchesmoderate chromatic harmony3 opera: buffa (Figaro), seria (Idomeneo), singspiel (Magic Flute)
Terse, angular themesDrone bass (folk-like song)expanded orchestra, more brass, clarinet, percuExpressive harmonyLogical structure: sonata cycle
fused Haydn and Mozart (early)longer movements, expanded development and codadevlop ternary sonata form (late)highly expressive piano sonatas (Pathetique, appastionata)Concertos combine virtuosity with symphonic structure
prolific song writer (Lieder)accomp-t becomes descriptive, equal performersongs convey passion and despairfolk-like songsnovel harmonic language and key changes for describing text
AAB. Baroque, complementing two sections.
da capo aria
Baroque form, voice solo with instrument acompt