Baroque and Classical from History 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Baroque and Classical from History 1 Deck (105)
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1

Baroque Era dates?

1600-1750

2

Which era is in 1600-1750?

Baroque era

3

Classical era years?

1750-1825

4

End of 18th century is the ....

High Classical Era

5

Baroque characteristics...

Grand, ornamental

6

Classical characteristics

Balanced, dramatic dyanmic changes

7

Composers in Baroque

BachHandelVivaldi

8

Composers Classical era

ClementiSalieriMozartHaydnBeethoven

9

American Revolution dates

1776

10

French Revolution

1789

11

Opera Genres

Opera SeriaOpera BuffaDrama GiocosoSingespiel

12

Style is ....

Repertoir, Composition Title, Genre

13

Mozart paragraph points

Elegant, songful melodiesDriven by the court, not folkCourtley astheticsMood ranged from lively to somber

14

Mozarts writting notes

Contra-punctal lines interweave thru diff orchestral partsModerate chromatic harmonyPyscological depth operaExpanded the architecture of opera finale: act 2 Marriage of Figgaro

15

Beethoven years

1770-1827

16

Beethoven teenager

Took care of family and went to U of Bonn fell in love with Lorchen 17-22

17

Beethoven childhood

1-8 lived with father as teacher11-17 in Bonn taught by Christian Gottlob Neefe

18

Beethoven 20's

Went to Vienna in 1792, french recolution getting too closetonBonn.1796 tour Europe started selling works

19

Beethoven established era 1800-1806

Lot of political movement just prior1801 started loosing hearingDarkest time 1802Increased to 1806 highest point: wrote 3-8 symphony, violin concerto, Waldstein sonatas

20

Beethoven war era

1808-1812Hard times, still composedHaydn passed away 1809Beethoven Maelzel fundraising: Battle symphony

21

Beethoven decline era

1812-1820'sStruggled with loss of hearingSocially strugglingBrother died 1815, nephew Karl problems very distracting

22

Beethoven final years

1820'sReceived grwat commisions europe, america. Wrote 9th symphonyStarting to break barriersAlso weakinging healthPassed away 1827

23

Handel's Style

powerful rhythmic drivePreferred diatonic harmonyatmosphere for scenesexpressive phrasing in vocal, majestic archesvirtuosic arias

24

Mozart's Style

Simple, elegant, songful melodies*Dramatic thematic contrastinterweaving contrapunctual lines, colour orchesmoderate chromatic harmony3 opera: buffa (Figaro), seria (Idomeneo), singspiel (Magic Flute)

25

Haydn's Style

Terse, angular themesDrone bass (folk-like song)expanded orchestra, more brass, clarinet, percuExpressive harmonyLogical structure: sonata cycle

26

Beethoven's Style

fused Haydn and Mozart (early)longer movements, expanded development and codadevlop ternary sonata form (late)highly expressive piano sonatas (Pathetique, appastionata)Concertos combine virtuosity with symphonic structure

27

Schubert's Style

prolific song writer (Lieder)accomp-t becomes descriptive, equal performersongs convey passion and despairfolk-like songsnovel harmonic language and key changes for describing text

28

French overture

AAB. Baroque, complementing two sections.

29

da capo aria

Baroque form, voice solo with instrument acompt

30

figured bass

interval notation off bass