Unit One Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit One Middle Ages Deck (101)
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1

Years for Middle Ages

476 - 1450

2

Periods of Middle Ages

Early Christian, Romansque, and Gothic

3

Medieval means

between ages

4

Medieval between

Classical Antiquity andTRenaissance

5

Other ages within

Dark Ages; lauge, lawlessness, wars.
Charlemagne 768-814 revival of arts and culture educational reforms

6

Catholic Monks and Nuns roles

Educated, Latin, scholars. Teachers and scribes, custodians to heritage

7

Crusades, Holy Wars

reclaim Jerusalem from Muslims
1095, 200 years. Islamic culture influences: astronomy, mathematics and medicine

8

Art of Middle Ages

Gothic style, Romansque structure, towering spires

9

Literature of 14th century

Dante Alighieri
Giovanni Boccaccio
Geoffrey Chaucer

10

14th Century war

Hunder Year's War England and France 1337-1553

11

Musical Style of Middle Ages

monophony to polyphony
Development of music notation
Narrow range
fluid chant rhythm to structured
needs coalescing in the 14th century

12

monophonic

one melody line

13

polyphonic

two or more melody lines, also contrapunctal

14

modes

unique order of tones and semitones
Ancient Greece
source of melodies in Middle Ages and Renaissance
Greek namesl Dorian, Phrygian

15

neumes

earliest notation, small symbols direction
squares diamonds later on staff pitches

16

a capella

in the chapel Latin

17

Modes in order of starting note

Ionian, Dorian, Phyrgian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and Locrian

18

Modes in order of added flat

Lydian, Ionian, Mixolydian, Dorian, Aeolian, Phyrgian, and Locrian
4,7,3,6,2,5

19

Gregorian Chant

Linked with church, sung Mass, orally passed down but made notated, Hebrew Chant, Pope Gregory the Great

20

Features of Gregorian Chant

monophonic
modal
steps, narrow leap
unmeasured rhythm
sacred Latin text

21

Pope Gregory the First, The Great

leader 590-604
not composer
organize, coded chants; liturgical service
schools to train singers sacred

22

Haec Dies words and notes

Psalm 118:1/24 OldT: This day was made by the lord. Let us rejoice and be glad in it. Praise the Lord for he is good his mercy endures forever - Easter gradual. Solo+unisonchorus

23

Plainchant

plainsong, Judaic tradition, modal monophonic, narrow unmeasured

24

Gregorian Chant

form of plainchant, Latin, sacred

25

syllabic text setting

one note each syllable of text

26

neumatic text setting

a couple 2-4 notes for each syllable

27

melismatic text setting

many notes for each syllable

28

responsorial singing

method of performance
solo alternative chorus

29

gradual

4th section of mass proper, Psalms text, chants sung melismatic responsorial performance

30

liber usualis

Book of Common Use, contains music and texts for many of the chants for Roman Catholic: France monks Benedictine Abbey Solesmes