Unit Four Classical Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit Four Classical Deck (48)
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1

Exposition

First movement
Theme a tonic key
Theme b diff key

2

Development

Themes manipulated frag seq modulations

3

Recapitulation

Restate tonic

4

Coda

Tail Latin
Conclusion tonic

5

Italian overture

18 century
Fast slow fast
Basis for symphony

6

Classicism

Highest level excellence
Timeless
Ancient Rome and Greece
Symmetry balance simplicity

7

Center of music 18 century

Austria Haydn Beethoven Mozart
Viennese school

8

Symphony notes

From Italian overture add
Menuet and trip to make sonata cycle
2nd mov: slow subdominant lyrical
3rd mov: ternary Menuet trio

9

Haydn London Symphony

No 104 1795
Mov1: D Adagio-Allegro 4/4-2/2 sonata monotheistic
Mov2: G Andante 2/4 sonata rondo lyrical
Mov3: D Allegro 3/4 Ternat rustic
Mov4: D Spiritoso 2/4 sonata folk

10

Haydn London Symphony Mov1 overture

D minor Adagio
Full unison ascending P5 D to A and down
Dotted notes slow majestic French Overture
Germany's dramatic
Homophobic texture
Chromatic tension

11

Haydn London Mov1 Exposition

D Major Allegro Sonata 2/2
A: elegant diatonic melody to is triad piano violin
Symmetric 4 measure phrases folk like
Bridge: vigorous broad leaps lower F A Major
B: transposed A
Codetta: two strong motives alternate contrary motion elegant syncopation contrasting staccato and legato

12

Haydn London Mov1 Development

B minor opening
Repeated note theme a dominates
Tension different keys contrasting dynamics
Dominant pedal over many measures extra satisfying return A

13

Haydn London Mov1 Recap

D Major softly theme b countermelodies wood winds coda increased rhythmic actuvity spirited close

14

Oratorio notes

Flourished Cathloic ban opera lent
Haydn influenced by Handel English
Oratory prayer room
Carissimi vivaldi Bach Handel

15

Haydn The Creation notes

1798
Book of genesis and John Milton Lost Paradise
Three parts 1:4days, 2: 3days 3:Garden Eden
Sop Gabriel Tenor Uriel Bass Raphael
Adam and Eve doubled

16

Haydn The Creation Uriel Recit And God Said

And God Said let there be light
Recit secco
4th day created earth heaven moon and stars

17

Haydn The Creation Uriel Recit In Splendor Bright

D Majo Andante 2/2
Recit accompagnato
Word Paintinf Slow D scale ascending crescendo=sun rising
Short rocket theme cello bass In Splendor bright bold orchestra chords
With softer beams G major cello bass softly ascending pale moon

18

Haydn The Creation Chorus and Trio The Heavens are telling

C major Allegro 2/2
Chorus, Trio, Chorus, Trio, Chorus
Full chorus open homorhythmic orches accommpany
Trio word painting night c minor
Chorus return contrapunctal immigration
Trio word painting in all the land round repeated expansive like land
Final shorts expands opening

19

Haydn Style

Father of symphony and string quartet
Traditional but experiment structure
Grace preclassical dramatic Sturm
Humorous Farewell Surprise symphony
Monothematic
Folk rustic pizzicato guitar like pedal bagpipe
Contribute sonata slow dramatic accents change C major Creation Light

20

Haydn Titles

100 symphony 94-Surprise 45-Farewell 101-clock 104-London
Concerto V P Ce Horn Tru
Quartets 68, op76-2 Quinten -3Kaiser
40 piano sonatas
Oratorio Creation Seasons Seven last words
scared masses Lord Nelson mass time of war mass
Opera 14 Armida
Novelties marionette theatre baryton instrument

21

Oratorio

Sacred opera in concert
Solo orchestra chorus

22

Opera buffa

Comic opera
Sung throughout
Down to earth characters

23

Modified sonata form

Exposition recap no devlop
18th century

24

Terzetto

Trio Italian
Vocal

25

Trouser role

Girl plays castrati

26

Overture

Before opera instrumental
Sonata form
Quoted themes

27

Singspiel

German comic Opera
Some
Spoken dialogue

28

Piano Sonata Notes

Sonata cycle 1allego others contrast
Piano more popular in classical era
Explore piano tones colours
Beethoven wanted more keys- make like orchestra
Sonata sonare sound Italian
Slower mov lyrical outter technical

29

Tremolo

Rapid alternation bw two notes

30

Rondo

ABACA A must appear 3 times in tonic
Other sections contrast