Unit Three Baroque Flashcards Preview

RCM History 2 > Unit Three Baroque > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit Three Baroque Deck (90)
Loading flashcards...
1

Figured bass

Musical shorthand developed in Baroque era
Numbers placed below bass line harmonic progression
Played by basso continuo

2

Basso continuo

Baroque performance practice: two performers one on bass line other harmony supports melody.
Harpsichord/organ realizes harmonies

3

Monody

One song
New style 16th century
Sing vocal line with accompaniment
Allowed for better expression

4

The Affections

philosophy Ancient Greek/roman writers
Emotional states of the soul
Single affect
Reaction to polyphony in Renaissance

5

Binary form

Two part: A and B
A usually ends with open cadence

6

Rounded binary

A:||:B + A:||

7

Ternary Form

Three part ABA
B contrast key or material

8

Terraced dynamics

Changing dynamics abruptly
Stark contrast

9

Opera

Italian 'work'
Drama sung
Italy. Florence 1600

10

Stile rappresentativo

representational style
Monodic style synonym
Recit highten emotional power

11

Castrato

Male soprano
Or alto
Obtained by surgery when young
Hero roles

12

Libretto

Text of an opera

13

Aria

Lyrical solo song
Expressing feelings

14

Recitative

Speech-like style singing
Used for dialogue

15

Recitativo secco

Dry recitative
Supported only by continuo

16

Recitativo accompagnato

Accompanied recitative
Supported by orchestra

17

Chorus

Adds variety to opera works
Group/crowd scenes

18

Opera Seria

Serious opera
Sung throughout
Historical or mythical

19

Stile concitato

Agitated style
Monteverdi term
Hidden tremors of the soul
Tremolo and pizzicato

20

Sinfonia

Instrumental movement
Transition scenes

21

Ground bass

Compositional device
Variations of a short melody continuous
Basic structure of opera

22

Canata

Multi movement
Chorus and solo
Sacred secular recur Aria ensembles

23

Chorale

A Hymn tune
Congregation sung
Harmonized four voices in Bach

24

Canon

Greek word "law"
Polyphonic composition

25

Fugue

Latin fugere, to flee
Structured imitative contrapuntal
Single theme

26

Fugal texture

Contrapuntal imitation
Theme pervades

27

Ritornello

Reoccurring theme/refrain

28

Augmentation

Theme longer time values

29

Arioso

Short vocal passage
More lyrical recit

30

Oboe da caccia

Alto oboe
Curved hunting horn and pear shape bell