Flashcards in Barrons Essential words Deck (109)
The insularity of many tribes in New Guinea allows anthropologists to study cultures that have been relatively uninfluenced by the modern world.
The debate judge cautioned participants not to engage in invective, but rather in reasoned and decorous discourse.
present throughout the years; persistent
Perennial warfare has left most of the people of the country in poverty.
notice ordering someone to appear in court
The judge issued a subpoena for the man but the prosecutor had little hope that he would appear because he was living abroad.
cheerful willingness; eagerness; speed
The football coach was pleased to see the team get to work on the task of improving its tackling skills with alacrity.
lacking in flavor; dull
Ironically, the book about how to write lively, engaging prose is an insipid piece of writing.
to cancel out; nullify
The soldiers' poor treatment of the prisoners negated the goodwill they had built up among the population.
Sue has a penchant for science, while her brother is more interested in the arts.
brief, comprehensive summary
The Mozart Compendium: A Guide to Mozart's Life and Music by H. C. Robbins Landon is a convenient reference for finding information about the life and music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
No one questioned the probity of the judge being considered for elevation to the U.S. Supreme Court; what was at issue was his controversial views on several important issues.
Example, At first, the Native Americans were not too concerned about the incursions of European settlers, but their anxiety grew with the relentless flow of people, until, finally, calamitous wars were fought between the two sides.
punishment; chastisement; criticism
Many British writers recall with loathing the castigation they received at school.
temporary suppression or suspension
A good judge must hold his or her judgment in abeyance until all the facts in a case have been presented.
To depart secretly
A warrant is out for the arrest of a person believed to have absconded with three million dollars.
superficial; not thorough; performed really as a duty
The perfunctory inspection of the airplane failed to reveal
structural faults in the wing.
to caution or reprimand
The judge admonished the jury to discount testimony that had been ruled inadmissible.
The book argues that a new investigation into Marilyn Monroe's death is warranted by new evidence released by the FBI under the Freedom of Information Act.
Warrant is a verb meaning to attest to the accuracy or quality; justify; grant authorization
Throughout most of America, procedures in criminal law cases are essentially the same: The government, through a prosecutor, presents its case against a suspect to a grand jury, which decides if there is sufficient evidence to warrant a full trial.
A recent anthropological theory is that human beings are gregarious creatures that are comfortable living in groups of around 150 individuals.
v: to spread out
Adj: wordy; rambling; spread out.
The idea of equality and liberty diffused through society after the French Revolution.
This essay is so diffuse it is difficult to follow its central argument.
riddle; puzzle with no solution
The paradoxical statement “This statement is false” presents us with a conundrum.
extract the essential elements
In his book Men of Ideas: Some Creators of Contemporary Philosophy, Bryan Magee manages to distill the essence of leading thinkers such as W. V. Quine, John Searle, Iris Murdoch, and Noam Chomsky.
attacking cherished traditions
The linguist and political commentator Noam Chomsky has been described as gleefully iconoclastic because of the zeal with which he attacks many of the central beliefs of American society.
An icon is an image or representation.
The internal combustion engine is a ubiquitous feature of modern industrial society, helping the automobile to become an icon of the twentieth century, loved by many people but loathed by environmentalists.
Moderate in appetite
Some research suggests that people with an abstemious lifestyle tend to live longer than people who indulge their appetites.
to make unnecessary; to anticipate and prevent
An experienced physician can often discern if a patient's symptoms are psychosomatic, thus obviating the need for expensive medical tests.
use of agreeable or inoffensive language in place of unpleasant or offensive language
An illustration of the tendency toward euphemism is the change (reflecting the political concerns of the day) in the accepted appellation of poor countries from the unambiguous poor, to undeveloped, to underdeveloped, to less developed, to developing.
When addressing the nation, the president generally has an air of decorum.
The adjective is decorous.
In Indian philosophy a position between monism at one extreme and dualism at the other is qualified non-dualism, a philosophy in which reality is considered to have attributes of both dualism and monism.
Qualification is a noun meaning limitation or restriction.
So many qualifications had been added to the agreement that Sue was now reluctant to sign it.
The verb qualify means to modify or limit.
a person possessing expert knowledge or training; a person of informed and discriminating taste
The art connoisseur selected works by Van Gogh, Rembrandt, and Picasso for the exhibition.
purposeful exaggeration for effect
The American tradition of the tall tale uses hyperbole to depict a world in which the inhabitants and their deeds are larger than life, as befitting a people inhabiting a vast landscape.