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Flashcards in Basic Physical Exam Deck (18):

Components of the Exam

Vitals, Head Face and Cranial Nerves, Eyes, Ears, Nose and Sinuses, Mouth and Pharynx, Neck and Shoulders, Neuromuscular, axillae, carotid and Jugular pulse, heart, abdomen, groin, legs and feet, neurological, back


Components of Vital signs

Palpate radial pulse bilaterally
Measure respiratory rate
Auscultation blood pressure


Components of the head, face and cranial nerves

Inspect skin for color and texture
Inspect and palate hair and face
Note deviation of open jaw
Palpate masseter and temporal is muscles with the jaw clenched
Test trigeminal nerve for light touch
Observe for symmetry with eyes opened wide, closed shut, cheeks puffed, and showing teeth
Test for shoulder shrug


What are the components of the eye exam

Visual acuity
Check visual fields
Position and alignment of the eyes
Test pupils for reactivity and accommodation
Check eye movement in six cardinal directions
Perform fundoscopic exam


What are the components of the ear exam

Check auditory acuity (whisper test)
Exam external ear for pain and the mastoid process
Perform otoscope exam


Nose and sinus exam components

Inspect external nose
Inspect internal nose
Palate sinuses for tenderness


Mouth and lips exam components

Inspect lips, oral mucosa, teeth and gums
Have the patient say ah
Test gag reflex
Inspect tongue and movement of tongue
Inspect subglossal area


Neck and shoulder exam components

Check range of motion of neck and shoulders
Palpate the lymph nodes
Inspect and palpate the thyroid


Upper extremities exam components

Inspects nails
Range of motion
Motor strength at wrist, fingers, elbows and shoulders


Back, posterior and thorax exam

Inspect spine
Percuss lungs
Auscultate the lungs
Check for costovertebral angle tenderness (hammer fist kidneys)



Palpate axillae you lymph nodes


Auscultate the heart

Listen to aortic arch
Listen to pulmonary arch
Learn tricuspid area
Listen to the mitral area
Palpate the apical index
With patient rolled to left lat decubitus listen to left apex
Repeat with patient laying down


Components of abdominal exam

Auscultation bowel sounds
Auscultation aorta (by the belly button)
Auscultate the inguinal arterys
Percuss liver
Percuss the spleen
Palpate the spleen
Palpate the liver
Palpate the bladder


Inguinal area

Palpate and auscultate femoral pulse
Palpate inguinal lymph nodes


Legs and feet exam components

Palate joints for pulse and tenderness
Test range of motion Of knees ankles and hips
Check for edema


Mental exam components

Orientation (name, location, date)
Attention (spell world backwards, serial 7s from 100)
Memory (three words)
Language (repeat no ifs ands or butts)
Abstract thinking (what is similar about an apple and orange)
Judgement (stamped addressed envelope)
Construct ability (draw a clock face)


Musculoskeletal exam components

Sensation of sharp v dull
Coordination (floppy hands, finger touches, distance finger touch, heel to shin, Palm drift with closed eyes)
Vibration sensation
Walking gait


Back exam components

Bend forward to check spine
Bend side to side
Check pelvis height on both sides