Behavior Flashcards Preview

SAT Biology > Behavior > Flashcards

Flashcards in Behavior Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

Instinct

Inherited behavior present at birth, which will occur even if the stimulus isn't "real"

2

Fixed action patterns

Stereotypical behaviors triggered by a specific stimuli "preprogrammed". For example, ducks swimming. They don't need to learn how.

3

Imprinting

Recognition of an object as "mother" when it's seen during the period shortly after birth. Even if it isn't the real mother, the baby will follow it and treat it as its mother.

4

Learned behavior

Behaviors that require interaction with the environment or with other organisms to occur.

5

Habituation

A non harmful stimulus is repeated over and over, and the organism learns to ignore it. If the stimulus is slightly changed, or you wait to repeat the stimulus, the basic response continues, but is temporarily modified by learning.

6

Conditioning

Type of learning in which a stimulus is associated with a particular behavior (associative learning). An example is Pavlov's experiment.

7

Classical conditioning

Neutral sign leads to a reflex. For example, training a fish to associate tapping with food, and reflexively preparing to eat.

8

Operant conditioning

Learning that occurs because of a reward and punishment system.

9

Insight learning/ reasoning

The ability to approach new situations and figure out how to deal with them.

10

Phototropism

A plant will bend toward a light source to get more light.

11

Positive gravitropism

Roots grow downward toward the earth in order to get more water.

12

Negative gravitropism

Stem and leaves grow up, away from the earth.

13

Thigmotropism

Growth of the plant along a surface, like a wall or trellis.

14

What influences turning behaviors?

Plant hormones called auxins.

15

Circadian rhythm

A biological clock that makes an organism do something on a daily basis. Instictive behavior that does not include seasonal patterns.

16

Pheromone

Chemical released by one member of a species and affects the behavior of other members of the species in a predictable way. For example, some animals release chemicals to warn others of danger. This is not a hormone, because a hormone is released into the blood and only affects one organism.

17

Symbiosis

Organisms of a different species share living space.

18

Mutualism

Both organisms benefit, such as the bacteria in human intestines.

19

Parasitism

One organism benefits, the host is usually harmed.

20

Commensalism

One organism benefits, the other organism is neither harmed nor helped, and doesn't care about the presence of the first.