Flashcards in Behavior Deck (20)
Inherited behavior present at birth, which will occur even if the stimulus isn't "real"
Fixed action patterns
Stereotypical behaviors triggered by a specific stimuli "preprogrammed". For example, ducks swimming. They don't need to learn how.
Recognition of an object as "mother" when it's seen during the period shortly after birth. Even if it isn't the real mother, the baby will follow it and treat it as its mother.
Behaviors that require interaction with the environment or with other organisms to occur.
A non harmful stimulus is repeated over and over, and the organism learns to ignore it. If the stimulus is slightly changed, or you wait to repeat the stimulus, the basic response continues, but is temporarily modified by learning.
Type of learning in which a stimulus is associated with a particular behavior (associative learning). An example is Pavlov's experiment.
Neutral sign leads to a reflex. For example, training a fish to associate tapping with food, and reflexively preparing to eat.
Learning that occurs because of a reward and punishment system.
Insight learning/ reasoning
The ability to approach new situations and figure out how to deal with them.
A plant will bend toward a light source to get more light.
Roots grow downward toward the earth in order to get more water.
Stem and leaves grow up, away from the earth.
Growth of the plant along a surface, like a wall or trellis.
What influences turning behaviors?
Plant hormones called auxins.
A biological clock that makes an organism do something on a daily basis. Instictive behavior that does not include seasonal patterns.
Chemical released by one member of a species and affects the behavior of other members of the species in a predictable way. For example, some animals release chemicals to warn others of danger. This is not a hormone, because a hormone is released into the blood and only affects one organism.
Organisms of a different species share living space.
Both organisms benefit, such as the bacteria in human intestines.
One organism benefits, the host is usually harmed.