Beliefs And Teachings Of Islam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Beliefs And Teachings Of Islam Deck (45):
1

Muslim

One who has submitted to the will of God and has accepted Islam

2

Islam

The name of the religion followed my Muslims. To surrender to the will of God. Peace

3

Allah

The Arabic name for God

4

Tawhid

The Oneness and unity of God

5

Monotheistic

A religion that believes there is only one God

6

Supremacy

A supreme power or authority; a quality of God

7

Qur’an

The holy book revealed to Muhammad by the angel Jibril; God’s final revelation to humankind

8

Sunnah

The teachings and deeds of Muhammad

9

Sunni

Muslims who believe in the successorship to Muhammad of Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali

10

Shi’a

Muslims who believe in the Imamate, the successorship of Ali

11

Name the six articles of faith in Sunni Islam

1- there is only one God
2- angels communicate the message of God to humans
3- the Qur’an is the most important writing and the highest authority in Islam
4- Muhammad is the most important prophet of God
5- the Day of Judgement is when all humanity will be judged by God and sent to paradise or hell
6- the supremacy of God’s will means that He already knows but also makes happen everything that occurs in the world and human lives.

12

Name the five roots of Shi’a Islam

1- Tawhid means God is One, God is not made up of different persons
2- Prophethood means accepting that Muhammad is the last true prophet
3- God is just and wise, cannot do wrong, and holds humans accountable for their actions
4- the Imamate means accepting that the twelve Imams are the leaders of Islam and guard the truth of the religion without error
5- After death they will be resurrected and judged by God

13

Immanent

God is present and involved with life on earth and in the universe

14

Transcendent

God is beyond and outside life on earth and the universe

15

Omnipotent

Almighty, having unlimited power

16

Beneficent

All-loving, all-good

17

Merciful

God shows compassion or forgiveness to humans, even though He has the power to punish them

18

Fairness

God treats everyone fairly and impartially

19

Justice

God is just and fair and judges human actions, rewarding the good and punishing the bad

20

Angels

Spiritual beings believed to act as messengers of God

21

Day of Judgement

A time when the world will end and every soul will be judged by God and either rewarded or punished

22

Jibril

The Arabic name for Gabriel, the archangel who brought God’s message to the prophets, particularly to Muhammad

23

Mika’il

The Arabic name for Michael, the archangel of mercy who rewards good deeds and provides nourishment to people

24

Predestination

God knows or determines everything that will happen in the universe

25

What is the difference between Shi’a and Sunni views on predestination?

Many Shi’a Muslims believe God knows everything that is going to happen but this does not mean he decides what is going to happen, meaning people still have free will, so they can make their own choices.

However, many Sunni Muslims believe that God has already determined everything that will happen in the universe. He has written down all that will happen in the ‘book of decrees’.

26

Akhira

Everlasting life after death, the belief that death is not the end but the beginning of a new stage of life.

27

Resurrection

Rising from the dead or returning to life.

28

Heaven

The state of eternal happiness in the presence of God; also called paradise

29

Hell

The state of total separation from God

30

Quote how heaven is described in the Qur’an

“A reward for what they used to do”

31

Quote how hell is described in the Qur’an

“Scorching wind and scalding water in the shadow of black smoke”

32

Prophet

A person who proclaims the message of God

33

Risalah

The belief that prophets are an important channel of communication between God and humans

34

Prophethood

When God makes someone a prophet to communicate his message to people

35

Iblis

A spiritual being created from fire, who was thrown out of paradise for refusing to bow to Adam

36

Ka’aba

The black, cube-shaped building in the centre of the Grand Mosque in Mecca

37

Id-ul-Adha

A Muslim festival that celebrate the prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son for God

38

Hajj

The annual pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim should try to make at least once in their life

39

Caliph

A person considered to be a political and religious successor to Muhammad, and the leader of the Sunni Muslim community

40

Imam

1- a person who leads communal prayer

2- in Shi’a Islam, the title given to Ali and his successors

41

Imamate

The divine appointment of the Imams

42

Torah

The five books revealed to God but Moses

43

Psalms

A holy book revealed by God to David

44

Gospel

A holy book revealed by God to Jesus

45

Scrolls of Abraham

A holy book revealed by God to Abraham