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Flashcards in Muslim Practices Deck (30):
1

Name the five pillars of Islam

1- Shahadah, the declaration of faith
2- Salah, prayer
3- Zakah, charitable giving
4- Sawm, fasting
5- Hajj, pilgrimage

2

Name the ten obligatory acts of Shi’a Islam

1- Salah
2- Sawm
3- Zakah
4- Khums
5- Hajj
6- Jihad, to live by their faith
7- Amr-Bil-Maruf, encouraging people to do what is good
8- Nahi Anil Mankar, discouraging people from doing wrong
9- Tawallah, to be loving towards friends of God
10- Tabarra, disassociating from enemies of God

3

What is Shahadah?

The statement that “there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah” which is the requirement for joining the Muslim community

4

What are the times of the five prayers of Salah?

Fajr- just before sunrise
Zuhr- just after midday
Asr- afternoon
Maghrib- just after sunset
Isha- night

5

How do Muslims prepare for prayer?

A ritual washing called wudu

6

Mihrab

A niche in the wall that indicates the direction of Makkah

7

Qiblah wall

The wall in a mosque that contains the mihrab

8

Rak’ah

A sequence of movements in ritual prayer

9

Recitation

Repeating a passage of text from memory

10

Prostration

Kneeling with the forehead, nose, hands, knees and toes touching the floor, in submission to God

11

Jummah prayer

A weekly communal prayer performed after midday on Friday, which includes a sermon

12

How is Salah important?

-creates awareness of God
- motivates Muslims to do Gods will
- unites Muslims
- reminds Muslims of Qur’ans importance

13

Why is prostration important?

The actions of bowing reminds Muslims that God is greater and more important than they are

14

Ramadan

The ninth month of Muslim calendar, during which Muslims have to fast from dusk to sunset

15

The night of power

1 the night when the first revelation of Qur’an was made to Muhammad

2 the festival that marks the start of Gods revelation to Muhammad

16

Zakah

Purification of wealth by giving 2.5% of savings each year to the poor

17

Sadaqah

Good actions or voluntary payments that are undertaken for charitable reasons

18

Khums

A 20% tax paid by Shi’a Muslims on their excess income

19

What is the significance of Zakah?

-gives Muslims a good attitude toward money
- strengthens communities by making the rich support poor
- links with Salah, prayers should make Muslims feel concern for others, and Zakah puts this concern into action

20

Pilgrimage

A journey by a believe to a holy site for religious reasons

21

Hajj

The annual pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim should try to make at least once in their life

22

Ka’aba

The black, cube- shaped building in the centre of the Grand Mosque in Mecca

23

How is Hajj performed?

- entering a state of Ihram which involves ritual washing, prayer and putting on Ihram clothing
- circling the Ka’aba
- travelling to Arafat
- walking from Mina to Arafat
-throwing 49 pebbles at Mina to reject evil
-returning to Makkah

24

Jihad

A struggle against evil

25

Greater jihad

The personal inward struggle of all Muslims to live in line with the teachings of their faith

26

Lesser jihad

The outward struggle to defend ones faith, family and country from threat

27

Holy war

Fighting for a religious cause of God, probably controlled by a religious leader

28

Id-ul-Fitr

A Muslim festival celebrating the end of Ramadan

29

Id-ul-Adha

A Muslim festival celebrating the prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son for God

30

Day of Ashura

A festival for Shi’a Muslims in particular who remember the battle of Karbala and the death of Husayn on this day