Which of the amino acids have aliphatic sidechains?
Which of the amino acids have aromatic sidechains?
Which of the amino acids are basic?
Which of the amino acids are acidic?
Defects in the metabolism of which amino acids lead to maple syrup urine disease?
Branched Chain Amino Acids
What disorders arise from defects in the metabolism of tyrposine? Pheynylalanine?
Tyrosine = Albinism, Mercaptoneuria
Phenylalaline = PKU
With respect to the amino acids we discussed, what is the cause of pellagra?
Lack of tryptophan in diet
Which amino acids have hydroxyl groups on the side chains?
Which amino acids contain sulfur?
When they are in proteins, what kinds of reactions do these amino acids occassionally undergo?
Hydroxyl (OH) = Serine, Threonine
Sulfur (S) = Cysteine, Methionine
Reactions of -OH groups are phosphorylated
Reactions of sulfhyroxyl groups oxidize to form dulsulfide linkages.
Which amino acids are referred to as essential?
Mnemonic: "Pvt. Tim Hall"
Name at least 4 types of compounds for which amino acids are the precursors.