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Flashcards in Biology Deck (30):
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Abscission

Process by which an organism sheds a part of itself

1

Aerobic organism

Has an oxygen based metabolism

2

Amino acid

Building block of proteins

3

Bacteriophage

Virus that infects bacteria

4

Chromosome

DNA and proteins in cells, contains genes

5

Deciduous

Organism that sheds part of itself

6

Endemism

Life unique to a geographical area

7

Enzyme

Molecule that speeds up chemical reactions

8

Ethology

Study of animal behavior

9

Herpetology

Study of amphibians

10

Histology

Study of microscopic anatomy

11

Insulin

Hormone that regulates metabolism

12

Krebs cycle

Reactions by aerobic life to produce energy

13

Leukocyte

White blood cell; part of the immune system

14

Meiosis

Cell division required for sexual reproduction

15

Mitosis

Process in which chromosomes split into two identical sets

16

Mycology

Study of fungi

17

Neurobiology

Study of the nervous system

18

Ornithology

Study of birds

19

Osmosis

Movement of molecules through a membrane

20

Phytopathology

Study of plant diseases

21

Transcription

The copying of DNA to RNA

22

Francis crick

Cofounder of DNA with James Watson

23

Alexander Fleming

Discovered penicillin

24

Hippocrates

Ancient Greek father of western medicine

25

Jean-baptiste Lamarck

Naturalist and proponent of evolution

26

Joseph lister

Surgeon who pioneered antiseptics

27

Albert Sabin

Developed an oral polio vaccine

28

Jonas Salk

Developed first polio vaccine

29

James Watson

Cofounder of DNA with Francis crick