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Flashcards in Political Science Deck (15):
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Aristocracy

Government ruled by a small group of usually elite citizens

1

Autocracy

Government in which all political power rests with one person

2

Constitutionalism

Government limited by fundamental laws

3

Detente

Relaxed political and military tensions during the Cold War

4

Domino theory

Idea that if one country becomes communist it's neighbors will follow

5

Fascism

Radical authoritarian political ideology in which people are united by national identity and the state seeks to eradicate foreign influences

6

Federalism

Government that divides power between a central authority and smaller divisions

7

Habeas corpus

A person under arrest must be brought before a judge thereby preventing unlawful detention

8

Pluralism

Nongovernment entities exert influence on the government and have the belief that there should be diverse and competing centers of power in society

9

War powers resolution

Prevents the president of the United States from entering a war without approval from congress

10

John Aldrich

Author of "why parties? The origin and transformation of political parties in America"

11

Graham Allison

Analyzed government decision making in times of crisis

12

Louis hartz

Proponent of American exceptionalism- the belief that America is different from other countries and has an obligation to spread democracy around the world

13

Samuel p. Huntington

Wrote "clash of civilizations", which asserts that in the post-Cold War world conflicts will be caused by the cultural and religious beliefs that people identify with

14

Giovanni sartori

Italian expert on comparative politics