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Flashcards in Biomolecules Deck (37):
1

3 types of Triglycerides

Staurated(bad)

Unsaturated

Trans Fat(Death sentence)

2

What type of energy does a monosaccharide give

Quick, short-term energy that absorbed directly into bloodstream through intestines

3

what the structure of a Carbohydrate

C6H12O6

4

Side Afffects of Saturated Fats

Heart disease

obesity

cancer

5

__ group of Amino Acids Are Diff. from the rest

R group of amino acids are different fom the rest

6

Gluscose+ Fructose=

Sucrose

7

Functions of Proteins

Make body structures

Fight infections-antibodies

Assist and speed up life processes-enzyme

8

Phodpholipids

Cell Membrane

9

3 types of Monosacchariddes

Glucose

Fructose(in fruit)

Galactose(in milk)

and taste sweet

10

The 4 macromolecules in ur body are considered _____ molecuels because they contain ______.

The 4 macromolecules in ur body are considered organic molecuels because they contain carbon.

11

Lipid(fat) function

Used 4 energy when your blood is low in glucose (carbohydrates)

Protect vital organs

Keeps you warm

12

Enzyme

Assist and speed up life process

13

Disaccharides must be ____ ____ into ______ in the small intestine

Disaccharides must be brokwn down into monomers in the small intestine

14

Carohydrates are a ____ _____ ____ and make ____.

Carbohydrates are a LONG TERM FUEL and make ATP

15

____ ______ are monomers of proteins & there are ___ different types

Amino Acids are monomers of proteins. 20 different types

16

Sterols

Steroids, bile, vitamin D

17

1 gram of lipid=

9 Kcals

18

Side Effects of Trans Fat

Coronoary heart disease

athersclerosis

19

what are the 4 types of macromolecules

Carbohydrates

Proteins

Lipids

Nucleic Acid

20

Unsaturated Fat

Found in ____ _____,_____ ______, _____

Are ___ at room temp.

Found in oil  canola, veg. oil, fish

Are liquid at room temp.

21

A  long chain of amino acid

Polypeptide

22

Polysaccharide is a form of ____/____ term energy

Polysaccharide is a form of slow/long term energy

23

Trans Fats:

Found in ____, ____ ____, _____ ____ _____

____ at room temp.

Found in margine, fast foods, commerical baked goods

Solid at room temp.

24

Polysaccharides

Polymer-many simole sugars stuck together

25

Triglyceride

Most common make up 95% of fat you eat

26

Monomer

Building block of carbohydrate

A image thumb
27

Polysaccharies ___ be broken down but is important to keep bowel movements ___

Polysaccharies can be broken down but is important to keep bowel movements regular

THEY ARE NOT SWEET

28

saturated fats are found in ____ ____, ______ ____. And ____ at room temperature.

saturated fats are found in animal products, Tropical oils. And solid at room temperature.

29

Polysaccharide is ___.  List 3 examples

Polysaccharide is a startch.

Cellulose- fiber

pasta

potatoes

rice

30

Disaccharide

2 simple sugars stuck together

31

how much energy is given per gram of protein

4Kcals

32

How much energy is given per gram of carbohydrate

4Kcal

33

Glucose+ Galactose=

Lactose

34

Monosaccharide

Simple Sugar

35

4 ex/ of disaccharides

Sucrose(table sugar)

Maltose(malt sugar)

Lactose(Milk Sugar)

Manose

36

Side Effects of Unsaturated Fats

Reduce bp, anti-inflammatory, lower cholesterol

37

3 types of Lipids

Triglyceride

Phospholipids

Sterols