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Flashcards in Ecosystems Deck (52):
1

Define Biomagnification

Process of increasing concentration of a substance through the food chain

Ex: pesticides

2

A tertiary consumer may be a...

  • Carnivore
  • Omnivore
  • Predator
  • Scavenger

3

describe the Electron Transport Chain

Electron transffers from NADH to FADH to power ATP Synthase

4

What 4 things can a secondary consumer be?

  • Carnivore
  • Omnivore
  • Predator
  • Scavenger

5

Where does oxygen gas production happen?

Chloroplast

6

A consumer that eats another consumer is called a_______.

secondary, 2cd order consumer.

7

Cellular respiration _____glucose

Cellular respiration BREAKS glucose

8

ATP is a type of ______ acid

ATP is a type of nucleic acid

9

Whats the chemical equation for cellular respiration

C6H12O6+6CO2+6H2O+ ATP Energy

10

Primary consumers are.....

Herbivores

11

Whats two major reactions that take place in photosynthesis

Make & Break glucose

12

Describe th Krebs cycle

Needs O2, pyruvate is oxcidezed to caron dioxide

13

where does cell respiration take place for eukaroytes?

Stoma

Thylakoids

Grana

14

What is ATP

Energy that happens when the third phosphate breaks its bond

15

A consumer that eats a secondary consumer is acalled a______.

A consumer that ate a secondary consumer is called a 3rd order or TERTIARY consumer.

16

In aerobic cellular respiration what are three major steps ar einvolved

Glycolysis

Krebs cycle(Citric acide cycle)

Electron transport chain

17

Where does glucose production happen?

Chloroplast

18

________is the chemical reaction in ehich green plants use water & carbon dioxide to store the sun's enrgy in ______.

Photosynthesis is the chemical reaction in ehich green plants use water & carbon dioxide to store the sun's enrgy in gluclose.

19

Organisms that are the first to eat producers are called...

1st or Primary consumers

20

Describe Glycolosis

No O2, glucose converted to Pyruvate

21

Where does Krebs and the Electron Transport chain happen

MItochondria

22

Photosythesis produces...

O2

23

The animals that Predators killed are called...

prey

24

Consumers that hunt and kill other consumers are called

Predators

25

Consumers that eat other dead consumers are called

Scavengers

26

What's photosynthesis

the chemical reaction in ehich green plants use water & carbon dioxide to store the sun's enrgy in glucose.

27

Photosynthesis _____ glucose

Photosynthesis makes glusose

28

What two colors does Chlorphyl absorb?

Red and Blue

29

Producers and Autotrophs use most of their own energy they make for themselves in _______.

Cellular respiration

30

Where does energy flow begin?

With the Sun

31

ATP + Phosphate=_______

ATP + Phosphate = ATP and water

32

Where does the Calvin cycle happen?

MItochondria

33

The10% of energy given off id available for _____.

The 10% of energy given off is available for another predator

34

Cellular respiration takes place where?

Stoma

Thylakoids

Grana

35

Describe the Light Dependent Cycle(Photosthesis)

Light+ water+ thylkloids = ATP and Oxygen

36

Where does water production happen?

Mitochondria

37

Photosythesis is a combinination of ____, _____, ___ to make _____.

Photosythesis is a combination of LIGHT, CARBON DIOXIDE, WATER, to make SUGAR

38

Define a limiting factor

Factor that causes growth of a population to decrease.

Ex:  decrease in Food, decrease in space, change in climate

39

Light Independent Cycle

Happens ins stroma, adds high energy elecctrons,  ATP, NADPH, converted to glucose

40

Where is ATP produced?

Mitochondria

41

Whats the chemical equation for glucose?

C6H12O6

42

Consumers that eat producers and other consumers are called

Omnivores(eating plants and animals)

43

What does cellular respiration do

relaeases the energy in glucose

44

Primary consumer uses most of its energy for itself, while the other is relased into the atmosphere as.....

heat. Some energy(90%) is stored to use later, % is given to the next level

45

______ cells have to make ATP energy

ALL cells need to make ATP energy

46

Where does aerobic cellular respiration happen?

Mitochondria

47

Where is Mitochondria found?

Animal Cells

48

ORganisms that cant make their own energy(like us) are called, what?

Consumers and/or Heterotrophs

49

What two things make glucose during photosynthesis?

Producers and Autotrophs

50

The secondary consumer uses most of its energy , but some energy is lost as heat and some is stored to be passes to another ______.

The secondary consumer uses most of its energy , but some energy is lost as heat and some is stored to be passes to another consumer.

51

The ________ from the ___to the ____ to the ______ consumer, to a higher order of consumers can be diagrammed by a _____.

The transfer of enrgy from the sun to the producer to a primary consumer, to a higher order of consujmers can be diagrammed by a food chain.

52

What are 3 ways that show how energy is being transferred

  • Food chain
  • Energy pyramid
  • Food web