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Flashcards in Protein Synthesis Deck (23):
1

What structure is aka your "blueprint" and codes for ____.

DNA is aka as your blueprint and codes for PROTEINS

2

____ DOES NOT leave the nucleus

DNA doesnt leave the nucleus

3

How does DNA get it's message to the ribosomes?

w/ the help of a form of RNA

4

whats RNA

Ribonucleic Acid
its a nucleic acid made of nucleotides

5

1 RNA molecule has...

1 phosphate, sugar(ribose), Nitrogen base.

(A,C,G or U)

6

What structure is a single strand

RNA

7

LIST the 3 types of RNA

rRNA- ribosomal
tRNA- transfer
mRNA- messenger

8

Transcription

Process in which RNA is "copied" from DNA

9

Translation

Process in which proteins (amino acids) are made from RNA (nucleic acids)

10

Transcription occurs in the ___.
and makes _RNA from one side of the DNA molecule
_RNA leaves the nucleus and goes to the ribosomes to make proteins

Transcription occurs in the NUCLEUS.
and makes mRNA from one side of the DNA molecule
mRNA leaves the nucleus and goes to the ribosomes to make proteins

11

Translation occurs @ the _____. mRNA is read 1 ___ @ a time.

Translation occurs @ the RIBOSOME. mRNA is read 1 CODON @ a time.

12

Codon

3 base sequence of mRNA that codes for 1 amino acid

13

Protein Synthesis occurs in the _______

Protein Synthesis occurs in the CYTOPLASM

14

what's a polypeptide

protein chain

15

What structure is only found in the nucleus of eukaryote cells (exception during mitosis when the nucleus is temporarily disassembled)

DNA

16

What structure includes C,G,A

dna
rna

17

___ is directly involved in _________

DNA is directly involved in TRANSLATION

18

which types of RNA are involved during transcription

mRNA only

19

whats the end result and purpose of transcription

a copy of 1 strand of DNA

20

Where is translation taking place

ribosome in the cytoplasm

21

is DNA directly involved in translation?

no, DNA remain in the nucleus, this process isn't in the nucleus

22

which types of RNA are involved in translation

m,r,tRNA

23

WHATS THE END RESULT/PURPOSE OF TRANSLATION

creation of proteins