Block 4 - Kidney/Blood Supply/Urinary Tract Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block 4 - Kidney/Blood Supply/Urinary Tract Deck (28):
1

uriniferous tubule is formed by these two things

nephron, collecting tubule

2

components of nephron

renal corpuscle, proximal convoluted tubule, distal convoluted tubule, proximal straight tubule, distal straight tubule, thin tubule

3

pars radiata is made up of blank

straight tubules

4

pars convoluta is made up of blank

convoluted tubules

5

lobe consists of these

pyramid, overlying cortex

6

human kidneys have this many lobes

8-18

7

vessels between lobules that divdes them

interlobular vessel

8

two types of nephron

cortical, juxtamedullary

9

artery has more blank than vein

smooth muscle

10

the renal corpuscles are located in blank

pars convoluta

11

vessels between lobes and continue on as blank vessels

interlobar, arcuate

12

arteries that come off arcuate arteries

interlobular arteries

13

blood flow through kidney

ok

14

small vessles that look like cracks in kidney tissue

postcapillary venules

15

interlobular artery turns into blank

afferent arterioles

16

vessel connecting interlobular artery to glomerulus

afferent arteriole

17

the afferent, glomerulus, and efferent arteriole make up a blank system

arterial portal

18

capillaries can be identified by these

rbc, wbc, endothelial cell lining

19

arterial limb is a blank capillary

continuous

20

venous limb is blank

fenestrated

21

llayers of bladder and ureter

epithelium, submucosa, muscle, serosa/adventitia

22

epithelium of ureter and bladder actually prevents blank

water/urine movement

23

special cell of ureter and bladder that doesnt allow bacteria to attach

umbrella cell

24

umbrella cell makes the ureter and bladder a blank epithelium

transitional

25

empty bladder has a blank epithelium/umbrella cells

plump

26

full bladder has blank epithelium/umbrella cells

flat/thin due to stretching

27

empty bladder have blank umbrella cells

cuboidal

28

two functions of kidney

removal of nitrogenous wastes, concentrate urine