Block 4 - Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block 4 - Respiratory System Deck (46):
1

humans have blank respiration

external

2

mucosa has blank connective tissue and many blank

loose (lamina propria), lymphocytes

3

submucosa has blank ct and blank lymphocytes

denser, fewer

4

mucosal epithelium of the respiratory tract

ciliated simple columnar

5

arms of ciliary tubules to help move mucus... the motor of cilia

dynein

6

other cells of respiratory tract

goblet cells, pulmonary brush cell (could be sensory), small granule cell (like enteroendocrine

7

glands in nose that secrete mucus

bowman's glands

8

sinus under pituitary gland

sphenoid

9

aka adenoids

pharnygeal tonsil

10

biggest cartilage of larynx that makes up adams apple

thyroid

11

cartilages of larynx

ok

12

epiglottis is made up of blank cartilage

elastic

13

two vocal folds

false, true

14

rings of trachea are incomplete blank

posteriorly

15

posteriorly there is a blank which is a smooth muscle connecting the ring of cartilage to each other

trachealis muscle

16

bronchus has a blank epithelium in light microscopy

convoluted

17

bronchiole vs bronchus

bronchiole has fewer goblet cells
bronchiole has more smooth muscle

18

bronchiole is blank when resting

constricted (parasympathetic)

19

bronciole is blank when running

dilated (sympathetic)

20

last part of conducting system of respiratory system

terminal bronchiole

21

two cells of terminal bronchiole

clara cell (surfactant like substance), ciliated columnar cells

22

stuff beyond terminal bronchioles

alveoli

23

number of goblet cells, height of epithelium, amount of cartilage all blank as respiratory tubules decrease in size

decrease

24

a bronchiole lacks both blank and blank unlike bronchus

cartilage, glands

25

most common infection of the body

respiratory

26

lung is divided most deeply into these.... round things surrounded by black stuff

lobule of miller

27

lobule of miller has the blank structures of the lungs like alveoli

smallest

28

blackish lymph vessel things surrounding lobules of miller

dirt/pigment

29

cells of bronchiole that dont have cilia

clara cells

30

more alveoli come off at blank than blank

alveolar sack, alveolar duct

31

type 1 pneumocyte is very blank and has long blank

flat, processes

32

type 2 pneumocytes are more blank than type 1

numerous

33

type 1 pneumocytes are covered with blank from type 2 pneumocytes

surfactant

34

type 1 pneumocytes resemble blank

squamous epithelium

35

little things formed during respiratory distress in a premature baby before lung collapse

hyaline membrane

36

there are often blank in an alveolar septum or wall

macrophages

37

macrophages in lungs are aka blank

dust cells

38

dark things in alveoli... has more of this than any other part of respiratory system

elastic fibers

39

two types of circulation in lungs

systemic (supplying lung tissue), pulmonary (oxygenation)

40

arteries supplying lung structures

bronchial arteries

41

blank is always running with a bronchiole

pulmonary artery

42

blank is around the outside of the lobule of miller

pulmonary vein

43

pulmonary veins are surrounded by blank

alveoli

44

bronchiole has a lot of blank and no blank

smooth muscle, glands

45

c shaped cartilage makes it obvious that its blank

trachea

46

blank to blank has no goblet cells

terminal bronchioles, alveoli