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Flashcards in Blood-borne Diseases Deck (67):
1

Would a company that handles billing and coding for other health care facilities be required to develop an exposure control plan?
Yes, because the company is part of the health care industry.
Yes, because the company employees nurses.
No, because no employees are at risk of exposure to blood or bodily fluids.
No, because the company is not part of the health care industry.

No, because no employees are at risk of exposure to blood or bodily fluids.

2

Which agency developed the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard?
OSHA
FDA
Congress
CDC

OSHA

3

Who must follow the regulations in the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard?
Health care facilities and their employees
Health care facilities, employees and patients
Health care facilities and patients
Health care employees and patients

Health care facilities and their employees

4

Which of the following is an example of a safer medical device?
Sterile gauze
A glucose monitoring device
A tuberculosis needle
Self-sheathing needle

Self-sheathing needle

5

A facility's exposure control plan must include which of the following?
A list of employees who have not attended training
Certificates that all employees have been vaccinated
A description of how the facility is reducing the risk of exposure
The brands of personal protective equipment used by the facility

A description of how the facility is reducing the risk of exposure

6

What ratio of bleach to water should be used to disinfect spills?
1:2
1:10
1:1
1:100

1:10

7

Tina was sanitizing a surgical blade when the blade sliced through her glove and cut her finger. Where does this exposure event need to be recorded?
Training records
Exposure control plan
Standard precautions
Sharps injury log

Sharps injury log

8

If an employee declines to be vaccinated for Hepatitis B, which of the following is true?
The employee will have to pay for the vaccination in the future.
The employee can receive the vaccination anytime in the future for free
The employee has 10 days to become vaccinated or be fired.
The employee can be fined by OSHA

The employee can receive the vaccination anytime in the future for free

9

Which of the following occurred as a result of the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard?
Health care facilities must create an exposure control plan
Health care facilities must carry accidental needlestick insurance
Health care workers were to be trained how to interact with ill patients.
Patients were granted a Bill of Rights

Health care facilities must create an exposure control plan

10

What is the purpose of the exposure determination part of a facility's exposure control plan?
To list departments with a history of great customer service
To list all employees or job roles that may be at risk of exposure to blood or bodily fluid
To list job roles that will be evaluated for safety
To list departments where an exposure has occurred in the past

To list all employees or job roles that may be at risk of exposure to blood or bodily fluid

11

At least how often must employees be trained on bloodborne pathogens?
Only when an employee begins employment
Every 30 days
Once a year
Every five years

Once a year

12

How did the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act affect the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard?
The regulations in the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act made the regulations in the standard obsolete and not needed.
The standard was updated to emphasize safer medical devices and a sharps injury log.
The act increased the fines for facilities who did not follow the regulations in the standard.
The act suggested specific sharps that facilities must use to meet the regulations in the standard.

The standard was updated to emphasize safer medical devices and a sharps injury log.

13

After an exposure incident, who gives a written opinion of the incident to the facility?
The employee’s family doctor
OSHA
The employee involved in the incident
The supervisor in-charge at the time of the incident

The employee’s family doctor

14

Adam has an exposure incident. How long is his medical record maintained by his facility?
5 years
Until Adam leaves employment at the facility
10 years after Adam leaves employment at the facility
30 years after Adam leaves employment at the facility

30 years after Adam leaves employment at the facility

15

What three bloodborne pathogens are health care workers at an increased risk of being exposed to?
HIV, Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
AIDS, Staphylococcus and Lyme
Measles, Staphylococcus and HIV
HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C

HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C

16

What color is used to mark biohazardous waste?
Blue
Green
Yellow
Red or orange

Red or orange

17

What is offered to employees who have been determined to be at risk of exposure?
A free HIV test when they start working at the facility
Free Hepatitis B vaccination
One free set of personal protective equipment each day
Free Hepatitis C vaccination

Free Hepatitis B vaccination

18

A patient was hemorrhaging and blood splashed in Marc's mouth. Which of the following is NOT true?
Marc will be offered lab testing to see if infection has occurred.
A medical record will be created for Marc and contain information about the exposure incident.
The exposure incident will be recorded in the sharps injury log.
Marc may be given antiviral medication to help prevent infection.

The exposure incident will be recorded in the sharps injury log.

19

Although the strains of hepatitis are different in many ways, what is common to all of the strains?
They are caused by bacteria.
They are all caused by virus.
They are all acute illnesses.
There is a vaccine for each strain.

They are all caused by virus.

20

How long can symptoms of acute hepatitis last?
Several hours to a day
A few days to one week
Several months to a year
Six weeks to two months

Several months to a year

21

Which of the following can cause infectious disease?
Cells, virus, atoms, amoeba
Virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa
Fungi, plants, animal dander, dust
Sneezing, allergens, biochemicals, experiments

Virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa

22

Since patients can test negative during seroconversion, when should a second test be given?
The next day
3 months after a suspected infection
8 months after a suspected infection
1 year after a suspected infection

3 months after a suspected infection

23

Which drug is used to treat chronic hepatitis B?
morphine
Atropia
Interferon
Paracetamol

Interferon

24

Which of the following does NOT transmit HIV?
Direct blood contact with infected blood or blood products
From mother to baby in breast milk
Sharing a drinking glass with an infected person
Unprotected sexual contact

Sharing a drinking glass with an infected person

25

A patient asks if she and her partner need condoms since they are both HIV positive. What is the appropriate response?
No, you are both positive so unprotected sex is okay.
No, HIV can be cured after treatment.
No, you only need condoms if you are not being treated for HIV.
Yes, you still need condoms as the disease can mutate and reinfect.

Yes, you still need condoms as the disease can mutate and reinfect.

26

Most HIV tests use a blood sample, but there are also tests that use which of the following?
Breast milk
Oral fluids
Tears
Sweat

Oral fluids

27

How does HIV affect the human body?
It reduces the body's core temperature
It attacks the immune system
It causes constant, severe pain
It clogs the arteries

It attacks the immune system

28

Which of the following describes mode of transmission?
A process for killing pathogens
The method by which a pathogen is transmitted
The way a pathogen is treated once it enters the body
A description of the susceptible host

The method by which a pathogen is transmitted

29

Which of the following is true about a person living with HIV?
The person should not be allowed in public places
The person is not contagious
The person can be treated and cured
The person may live for many years after infection

The person may live for many years after infection

30

What is the chain of infection?
A model of bacteria multiplication
A description of how to prevent infection
A description of how pathogens mutate
The process a pathogen follows as it is transmitted from person to person

The process a pathogen follows as it is transmitted from person to person

31

What must every patient do prior to being tested for HIV?
Not eat or drink anything for 12 hours before the test
Sign a waiver for the results to be sent to their insurance company
Give informed consent for the testing
Give their name and birth date

Give informed consent for the testing

32

James suffers from chronic Hepatitis C and Bill has both Hepatitis B and D. As end stage patients, they are both being treated for what?
Cirrhosis
Short-term memory loss
Gastrointestinal discomfort
Kidney disease

Cirrhosis

33

What is hepatitis?
Inflammation of the liver
Stomach disorder
Inflammation of the stomach lining
Kidney disorder

Inflammation of the liver

34

Which of the hepatitis strains are preventable with a vaccine?
Hepatitis E
Hepatitis C and hepatitis D
Hepatitis A and hepatitis B
Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A and hepatitis B

35

Which of the following is NOT a step in the chain of infection?
Personal protective equipment
Portal of exit
Portal of entry
Susceptible host

Personal protective equipment

36

HIV is transmitted through which of the following?
Air
Saliva
Blood
Water

Blood

37

HIV is NOT transmitted through which of the following?
Blood transfusions
Organ transplant
Public toilets and sinks
Use of contaminated needles

Public toilets and sinks

38

What are the two types of HIV testing?
Anonymous and Confidential
Antibodies and Blood
Reportable and Public Information
Acute and chronic

Anonymous and Confidential

39

Hepatitis B and C use what modes of transmission?
Sexual contact and bloodborne
Casual and sexual contact
Bloodborne and vectorborne
Foodborne and vectorborne

Sexual contact and bloodborne

40

Where can HIV-infected patients and their families find resources?
Community, state and federal agencies
Local news agencies
At the DMV
In the yellow pages or dial 411

Community, state and federal agencies

41

What is the best way to break the chain of infection?
Make sick patients wear a mask
Isolate the patient
Wash hands before and after every patient
Use gloves

Wash hands before and after every patient

42

What is seroconversion?
The development of antibodies as a result of infection
The result of an HIV test
The result of a hepatitis test
The number of T-helper cells that have been destroyed as a result of HIV infection

The development of antibodies as a result of infection

43

What type of reporting method is used for HIV/AIDS cases?
Infection route
Birth date
Name
Social security number

Name

44

What should a health care worker do with bedsheets that are soaked with blood?
Place them in a biohazardous linens bag.
Place them in a biohazardous trash bag.
Place them in a trash bag and send to the incinerator.
Double-bag them, put them in a biohazardous trash bag, and tape the top closed.

Place them in a biohazardous linens bag.

45

How can you tell whether a trash container is for regular or biohazardous waste?
It all ends up in the same container eventually, so only sort waste if you have time.
A biohazardous container has a red bag marked with the universal biohazardous symbol.
There is only one biohazardous waste container per facility and it is located near the nurse station.
A regular waste container uses a yellow bag.

A biohazardous container has a red bag marked with the universal biohazardous symbol.

46

Which of the following is true about face masks?
They should be put on after donning gloves.
They can be reused after they have been disinfected.
They cannot be reused.
They do not have to be changed if they get wet.

They cannot be reused.

47

When should gloves be donned if you are wearing additional PPE?
Before donning a gown
Before donning a mask
Before donning eyewear
After donning a gown, masks, and eyewear

After donning a gown, masks, and eyewear

48

Which of the following is true?
Recap a needle using a two-handed method.
Spills should be cleaned with pure bleach.
Hospital-based infections are not a major cause of death.
All body fluids should be considered infectious.

All body fluids should be considered infectious.

49

What should be done after a spill is wiped up with a cloth?
Use soap and water to kill pathogens.
Disinfect the area with a bleach solution.
Avoid using the area for 24 hours.
Open a window to air out the room.

Disinfect the area with a bleach solution.

50

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
Avoid patient contact
Dispose of waste in the appropriate container
Use personal protective equipment
Wash your hands frequently

Wash your hands frequently

51

Why is it important for health care workers to wear personal protective equipment?
Standard precautions require it
For protection from pathogens
For protection from blood and bodily fluid
All of the above

-Standard precautions require it
-For protection from pathogens
-For protection from blood and bodily fluid

52

Which patients should be considered infectious?
Patients with a cough and fever
Pediatric and elderly patients
Homeless and addicted patients
All patients should be considered infectious

All patients should be considered infectious

53

The strings and elastic bands of masks and eyewear are considered _____?
Contaminated
Sterile
Biohazardous
Clean

Clean

54

Which of the following is NOT considered a sharp?
Surgical blades
Needles
Razors
Probe covers

Probe covers

55

When should gowns be worn?
When contact with blood or bodily fluid is likely
When you are wearing gloves
When the patient is HIV-positive
When you are bathing a patient

When contact with blood or bodily fluid is likely

56

When should standard precautions be used?
When you are using pure bleach to clean a spill
For all patients, regardless of their illness
When patients are vomiting or coughing
When you will be touching a patient's skin

For all patients, regardless of their illness

57

Which of the following is true?
Standard precautions only need to be followed for patients with communicable diseases.
Every body fluid must be considered infectious.
Sharps may be reused if they are cleaned and sterilized.
Urine and vomit are infectious materials.

Every body fluid must be considered infectious.

58

How long can a single pair of gloves be used?
Until a glove tears
Until a glove looks visibly contaminated
During care for a couple of patients
During care for one patient

During care for one patient

59

What can you use as a barrier between you and bloodborne pathogens?
Patient drape
Uniform
Alcohol hand sanitizer
Personal protective equipment

Personal protective equipment

60

Where should a disposable gown be placed after use?
In the linens closet
In a biohazardous linens bag
In a biohazardous waste container
In a trash can

In a biohazardous waste container

61

What types of PPE should be available to employees of a nursing home?
Gloves, masks, eyewear, gowns and CPR shields
Gloves and CPR shields
Gloves, masks and eyewear
Gloves, gowns and CPR shields

Gloves, masks, eyewear, gowns and CPR shields

62

Which agency developed standard precautions?
CDC
OSHA
ADA
Congress

CDC

63

The outside of a gown is considered _____?
Clean
Neutral
Contaminated
Sterile

Contaminated

64

When should hands be washed when you will be wearing gloves?
No need to wash hands when wearing gloves
Before donning gloves
After removing gloves
Both before and after wearing gloves

Both before and after wearing gloves

65

How should a blood-soaked piece of gauze be disposed of?
Red biohazardous waste bag
Black trash bag
Infectious linens bag
Puncture-proof sharps container

Red biohazardous waste bag

66

How is a used sharp disposed of?
Drop the entire sharp into a sharps container.
Recap or break any needles and drop into a sharps container.
Rinse the sharp under running water and place in the biohazardous waste container.
Wrap the sharp in gauze and place in a biohazardous waste container.

Drop the entire sharp into a sharps container.

67

When should health care workers wash their hands?
Every 20 minutes
Only when they are visibly dirty
At the beginning of the work day
Before providing care and between patients

Before providing care and between patients