Boating Rules (5.4) Collision Avoidance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Boating Rules (5.4) Collision Avoidance Deck (35)
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1

To avoid collisions...

...take early and substantial actions

2

If another boat is approaching you on your port side, your responsibility is to...

...maintain speed and direction. (you are the stand on vessel) (Hint: the boat on the Right has the Right-of-way)

3

If another boat is approaching you on your starboard side, your responsibility is to...

...slow down and/or turn out of the way. (You are the give way vessel) (Hint: the boat on the Right has the Right-of-way)

4

A boat approaching from your starboard is stand-on or give-way?

Stand on, so you are the give way vessel.(Hint: the boat on the Right has the Right-of-way)

5

A boat approaching from your port is stand-on or give-way?

It is the give way and you are stand on.(Hint: the boat on the Right has the Right-of-way and your are on the right)

6

If a boat approaches from your stern, are you give-way or stand-on?

You are stand-on. Maintain course and steady speed and keep on look out.

7

A boat approaching (overtaking) from the rear has what responsibilities.

As the give-way vessel, it must take early and substantial action to avoid the stand-on vessel.

8

When one power boat is overtaking (from the rear) what sound signals are required?

(yes, they are required). One short blast to alter your course to the starboard and two to alter to the port. (Hint one-blast is like on syllable. your one-syllable port side will be closest to the boat you overtake as you over take with a turn to the starboard)

9

When one power boat is overtaking (from the rear), what does one blast mean?

It means the overtaking boat will veer to the right/starboard to overtake on ITS port side. (one blast, one syllable = port)

10

When one power boat is overtaking (from the rear), what do two blasts mean?

It means the overtaking boat will veer to the left/port to overtake. (It will overtake on ITS starboard side)

11

When one power boat is overtaking (from the rear), how does the front (stand-on) board signal confirmation?

Echo back the same audio signal.

12

What is a good mnemonic for remembering how many blasts to signal when overtaking another vessel?

Port has 1 syllable so remember that a single blast means your port side will be next to the boat you are overtaking. Starboard has 2 syllables so your starboard side will be next to the boat you are overtaking.

13

For sailing vessels who is stand-on and who is give-way when being overtaken?

Same as power boats. The bow/front vessel is stand-on the stern/rear boat is give-way.

14

When two power boats are approaching head-on, what are the audio signals?

Most common is to pass port to port, thus 1 blast from one boat and a echo confirmation from the other. (Port=1 syllable=1 blast)

15

When two power boats are approaching head-on, when would you pass starboard-to-starboard?

When you can't pass the standard port-to-port because of obstructions like a shore line.

16

When two power boats are approaching head-on, which is stand-on and which is give-way?

Both are give-way, so audio signaling is critical. But default for both to veer off to their starboard (like cars in America stay to the right)

17

When Two Power-Driven Vessels Crossing, you are approaching other vessel and it is on your starboard side, who is stand-on?

The boat to the right has the right-of-way. That is, you are the give-way and they are the stand-on.

18

When two power boats are approaching head-on, what is signaling to pass starboard-to-starboard?

two blasts to pass starboard-to-starboard. Echo same to confirm.

19

When Two Power-Driven Vessels Crossing, what is sound signal.

Crossing, is like head to head but at an angle, you want to pass port-to-port. Therefore the give-way boat , should signal one blast and turn to the starboard so they pass port-to-port. (give-way: take early and substantial action).

20

When a power boat is approaching a sailboat, which is stand-on.

Sail boats are always stand-on unless they are passing.

21

When is a sailing vessel not a sailing vessel?

When it is using its motor, it is a power boat and follows power boat rules (need to verify this).

22

When Two Power-Driven Vessels Crossing, you are being approached on your port side, who is stand-on?

The boat to the right has the right away. That is, you are to the right and are stand-on. (You are being approached on your port side so you are starboard to the other boat)

23

For a sailing vessel, what is windward side

In simple terms, the side with the wind blowing into the sail. (complicated answer: Windward is defined as the side opposite to that on which the mainsail is carried or, in the case of a square-rigged vessel, the side opposite to that on which the largest fore-and-aft sail is carried.

24

For a sailing vessel, what is leeward side

In simple terms, the side where the wind is not blowing into the sail. (The sheltered side)

25

When to sailing vessels have wind on the opposite sides, which is the give-way.

The sailboat with wind on the port side is the give-way. The wind on the right (Starboard), gives you the right-of-way. The give-way must take early and substantial action.

26

When two sailing vessels have the wind on the same side, which is give-way.

The vessel closer to the wind (upwind) is the give-way.

27

When to sailing vessels have wind on the opposite sides, which is the stand-on vessel.

If you have the wind on your starboard (right side) you have the right-of-way.

28

If a sailing vessel has wind on port side, and cannot tell which side the other sailing vessel has wind on, which is give-way?

The first one. If you can't tell, assume you are the give-way.

29

What is the basic rule for all give-way vessels?

take early and substantial action.

30

What is the basic rule when traffic is heavy?

The boat operator must slow down or stop, whichever is needed to navigate safely