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Flashcards in Body Comp - Final - Kailey Deck (32)
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1
Q
What is the healthy BMI range?
A
18.5-24.9
2
Q
What is the Obese BMI range
A
30-39.9
3
Q
What is the Overweight BMI range?
A
25-29.9
4
Q
What are the best indicators of health?
A
Waist Circumference, Wait to Hip Ratio and Waist to height ratio
5
Q
what is the Unhealthy Waist to Hip ratio for Men? Women?
A
Men - over 0.95
Women - Over 0.8
6
Q
What is the Unhealthy Waist Circumference measurement for men? Women?
A
Men - over 40in
Women - Over 35in
7
Q
What is the unhealthy waist to heigh ratio ?
A
over 0.5
8
Q
What body shape is an over 40 inches waist circumference in men measurement associated with
A
Android Body Type
9
Q
What body shape is an over 0.8 waist to hip ratio in women associated with
A
Gyneoid Body Type
10
Q
What components make up fat free mass in the body?
A
Muscles, Bone and Fluid
11
Q
What makes up fat mass in the body
A
Essential Fat, and Storage Fat
12
Q
What is the most accurate way to measure fat mass for the price?
A
DEXA scan
13
Q
In energy balance, what makes up the intake portion? The output portion?
A
Input - Food, Drinks and Supplements
Output - Basal Metabolism, Activity and Thermo effect of food
14
Q
Which one of the output mechanisms (basal metabolism, activity and thermo effect of food) use the most energy
A
Basal Metabolism
15
Q
What is the minimum calories used by basal metabolism in Men? In Women?
A
Men - 1600Cal
Women - 1200Cal
16
Q
Which type of food has a higher thermo effect because it requires a higher number of calories to break down?
A
Protein
17
Q
Which type of food has a lower thermo effect of food because it requires the least amount of Cals to digest?
A
Fat
18
Q
what percent of output (energy balance) comes from the thermo effect of food from a mixed meal?
A
10%
19
Q
What hormone gives us the hunger signal
A
Ghrelin
20
Q
What hormones are considered hunger suppressors?
A
Leptin, insulin and CCK
21
Q
What is used by the body for Temperature Regulation
A
Brown Adipose
22
Q
what enzyme found in White Adipose tissue causes feminization
A
Aromatase
23
Q
What factors in White Adipose tissue cause inflammation
A
TNF Alpha
IL 6
PGE 2
24
Q
What is Adipotoxicity
A
The negative effects of storing excess fat in adipose tissue
25
Q
What is Lipotoxicity
A
the negative effects of storing excess fat in non-adipose tissue
26
Q
Which type of Fat (White or Brown) causes low HDL
A
White
27
Q
Which type of Fat (White or Brown) makes Free FA
A
White fat - releases FFA Lipoprotein Lipase
28
Q
What condition is characterizes by restrictive eating, Marasmus and Lanugo
A
Anorexia Nervosa
29
Q
what condition is characterized by Binging and Purging, Ulcers and Dental Decay
A
Bulemia Nervosa
30
Q
What condition is characterized by eating non food items
A
Pica (sign of mineral deficiency)
31
Q
What are you deficient in if you are craving ice chips
A
Iron
32
Q
What symptoms are associated with the female athlete triad
A
Bone Loss and Amenorrhea