Book 1: 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 1: 4 Deck (187):
1

meditor meditārī meditātus sum

to think, prepare to

2

mel mellis

n. honey

3

membrum membrī

n. limb, member, part

4

meminī meminisse

to remember, be mindful (of)

5

memor

remembering; mindful (of, + gen.), grateful; unforgetting, commemorative

6

memorō memorāre memorāvī memorātus

to remember; be mindful of (+ gen./acc.); mention/recount/relate, remind/speak of

7

mēnsis mēnsis

m. month

8

mercor –ātus sum

to exchange merchandise; traffic, trade; buy, purchase (> merx, merchandise)

9

meritum meritī

n. punishment, reward

10

merum –ī

n. wine; wine unmixed with water

11

micō micāre micuī

to vibrate, dart; flash, glitter, gleam; tremble, quiver

12

minister ministrī

m. attendant, servant

13

ministrō ministrāre ministrāvī ministrātus

to attend (to), serve, furnish; supply

14

minor minārī minātus sum

to threaten, speak/act menacingly; make threatening movement; give indication of

15

mīrandus –a –um

to be wondered at; wonderful, strange (> miror)

16

mīrus –a –um

wonderful, strange, remarkable, amazing, surprising, extraordinary

17

miserābilis –e

that deserves to be pitied; pitiable, miserable, deplorable, wretched; (> adv.), miserabile, wretchedly, pitiably (> miseror)

18

miseror–ārī –ātus sum

to feel or show pity for; be compassionate, pity (> miser)

19

mītēscō –ere

to become mellow; to become mild, gentle, peaceful (> mitis)

20

modo

provided that; only, just; now, just now

21

mōlēs mōlis

f. large mass; rock/boulder; heap/lump/pile, bulk; monster; mole/jetty/dam/dike; large structure/building; military structure, wall, ramp; causeway/embankment; crowd, throng; heavy responsibility/burden; difficulty/danger; might/force

22

mollis molle

soft (cushion/grass); flexible; mild, tolerable; easy; calm; weak; cowardly; unmanly; pathic; tender (women/youths); peaceful; kindly; impressionable

23

monīle –is

n. necklace

24

mōnstrō mōnstrāre mōnstrāvī mōnstrātus

to show, point out

25

moror morārī morātus sum

to hinder, delay, wait

26

morsus morsūs

m. a biting, bite

27

mortālia –ium

n. human affairs; fortunes, woes

28

mortālis –e

subject to death, mortal; of mortal nature, lineage, or descent; earthly, human; made by man, mortal; subst., mortales, ium, c., mortals, men, mankind; mortalia, ium, n., human affairs; fortunes, woes (> mors)

29

mulceō –ēre –mulsī –mulsus or mulctus

to stroke; lick; (fig.), soothe, caress, comfort; mitigate, soften, calm; to make harmonious, charm

30

mūniō mūnīre mūnīvī mūnītus

to fortify; strengthen; protect, defend, safeguard; build (road)

31

mūnus mūneris

n. service; duty, office, function; gift; tribute, offering; bribes (pl.)

32

murmur murmuris

n. murmur

33

mūrus mūrī

m. wall

34

namque

for in fact

35

nātus nātī

m. son

36

nebula –ae

f. a cloud; mist, fog

37

nec

nor; and not, not, neither, not even

38

necdum

nor yet; and not yet

39

necnōn

and also, and yet, and in fact

40

nectar –aris

n. nectar, the drink of the gods; honey

41

nectō nectere nexī nexum

to tie, bind, connect, weave

42

nefandus –a –um

not to be spoken; impious, execrable, accursed, abominable; perfidious; subst., nefandum, i, n., wrong (> ne and fari)

43

nemus nemoris

n. grove, forest

44

nequeō nequīre nequiī/nequīvī nequitum

to be unable

45

nescius –a –um

ignorant, unaware

46

neu or neve

or not, and not; (for negative of imp.) [neve ... neve => neither ... nor ]

47

if ... not; unless

48

quid ni?

why not?]

49

niger nigra nigrum

black

50

nimbōsus –a –um

full of storms; stormy, rainy; cloud–covered (> nimbus)

51

nimbus –ī

m. rain–cloud, cloud–burst, downpour

52

nitēns –entis

shining, glittering, sparkling; bright; (fig.), sleek, well–fed

53

niveus –a –um

snowy, of snow; snow–white (> nix)

54

nō nāre nāvī

to swim

55

nōdus –ī

m. a knot; of a tree; bond; coil; (fig.), difficult point; center of strife

56

Notus –ī m.

identical in meaning with auster, the south–wind, wind, storm

57

nōtus –a –um

well–known, familiar, notable, famous, esteemed; notorious, of ill–repute

58

novitās –ātis

f. newness (> novus)

59

noxa noxae

f. harm, injury

60

nūdō nūdāre nūdāvī nūdātus

to bare, uncover, strip

61

nūdus –a –um

nude; bare, stripped

62

nūmen nūminis

n. divine power/will, divinity, divine spirit, numen

63

nūtrīmentum –ī

n. nourishment; fuel (> nutrio)

64

nūtrīx nūtrīcis

f. nurse

65

nympha nymphae

f. nymph, newly–wed

66

ob

on account of, because of (+ acc.)

67

obiectus –ūs

m. a throwing against; projection, opposition (> obicio)

68

obruō obruere obruī obrutum

to cover, overwhelm

69

obscūrus –a –um

dim, dark, obscure; dusky, shadowy, dingy; gloomy; imperceptible; inaudible; little known, insignifican (person); secret

70

obstō obstāre obstitī obstātum

to stand in the way; hinder, block

71

obstipēscō –ere –stipuī (stupuī)

to become stupefied; to be astonished, amazed

72

obtūsus –a –um

enfeebled, blunted, unfeeling (> obtundo, tudi, tusus/tunsus, 3, a., to beat against; beat up; to make blunt, dull)

73

obtūtus –ūs

m. a looking at; look, gaze (> obtueor)

74

obvius obvia obvium

in the way, easy; hostile; exposed (to)

75

occāsus –ūs

m. a going down; setting; the west; fall, ruin, destruction (> occido)

76

occubō occubāre occubāvī occubātus

to lie, rest (in death)

77

occulō occulere occuluī occultus

to cover; cover up, hide, cover over, conceal

78

occultus –a –um

hidden, secret

79

occumbō –ere –cubuī –cubitus

to sink, fall upon; die; meet (> ob and cubo)

80

ōceanus –ī

m. the god Oceanus; the waters encompassing the lands; the ocean; distinguished as eastern and western

81

odor –ōris

m. scent, smell, odor, fragrance; disagreeable odor, stench; foul fumes

82

ōmen ōminis

n. omen

83

omnipotēns –entis

all–powerful, almighty; supreme, sovereign; subst., The Almighty (> omnis and potens)

84

onerō onerāre onerāvī onerātus

to load, burden

85

onus oneris

n. load, burden; cargo

86

onustus –a –um

loaded, laden (> onus)

87

opīmus –a –um

rich, fertile; sumptuous;

88

spolia opima

the arms taken by a general from a general slain in battle (> ops)

89

opperior opperīrī oppertus/opperitus sum

to wait, expect

90

oppetō –ere –petīvī or petiī –petītus

to encounter; with or without mortem, to die, fall, perish (> ob and peto)

91

optātus –a –um

desired, longed for, much desired;

92

optato

(adv.), according to one's wish; in good time

93

optō optāre optāvī optātus

to desire; choose

94

opulentus –a –um

rich, wealthy, opulent

95

ōra –ae

f. shore, coast

96

orbis orbis

m. circle, orb

97

ōrdior ōrdīrī ōrsus sum

to begin

98

ōrdō ōrdinis

m. row, order/rank; succession; series; class; bank (oars); order (of monks)

99

orīgō –inis

f. origin, source; birth, family; race; ancestry

100

orior orīrī ortus sum

to rise, arise

101

ōrnātus –ūs

m. an equipping, fitting out; adornment, attire (> orno)

102

os ossis

n. bone

103

ōstium ōsti(ī)

n. doorway, entrance

104

ostrum –ī

n. the purple fluid of the murex; purple dye, purple; purple cloth, covering or drapery; purple decoration; purple trappings, housings

105

pābulum –ī

n. feeding material; food, pasturage, pasture (> pasco)

106

paenitet paenitēre paenituit

to it causes (one) to repent or regret

107

palla –ae

f. cloak

108

pallidus –a –um

pale, pallid; ghastly (> palleo)

109

palma palmae

f. hand, palm

110

pandō pandere pandī passus

to split, spread out

111

pariter

alike, likewise, at the same time

112

partior partīrī partītus sum

to divide, share

113

partus partūs

m. birth, offspring

114

pāscō pāscere pāvī pāstum

to nourish, feed

115

patera –ae

f. a broad, saucer–shaped dish, used in making libations; a libation cup, patera (> pateo)

116

patrius –a –um

father's, paternal; ancestral

117

paulātim

little by little, by degrees, gradually; a small amount at a time, bit by bit

118

pecus pecoris

f. cattle , as a collective, a herd

119

pecus pecudis

f. one animal of a flock or herd; an animal; a sheep; victim for sacrifices

120

pelagus pelagī

m. sea, ocean

121

pelta –ae

f. a light crescent–shaped shield

122

pendeō pendēre pependī

to hang, hang down

123

penetrō penetrāre penetrāvī penetrātus

to go into, penetrate

124

penitus or penitē

inwardly, internally, entirely

125

penus –ūs and ī

m./f. also penus, oris, n. (rel. to penes, Penates, penetro), that which is stored within; the household store of provisions; stores, provisions, viands

126

peplum –ī

n. a mantle, robe, or shawl worn over the other garments; the mantle used for draping the statues of Athena

127

peragrō peragrāre peragrāvī peragrātus

to go through fields or lands; to roam, travel; traverse (> per and ager)

128

percutiō percutere percussī percussum

to hit, strike

129

perferō perferre pertulī perlātus

to suffer, endure; report

130

perflō perflāre perflāvī perflātus

to blow through or over; sweep over

131

pergō pergere perrēxī perrēctus

to go on, proceed

132

perlābor –lāpsus sum

to glide through or over; reach, come down in tradition

133

permisceō –ēre –miscuī –mistus or mixtus

to mix completely; mix, mingle; (fig.), disturb, confound

134

permittō permittere permīsī permissus

to let through; let go through; relinquish; permit, allow; entrust; hurl

135

persolvō –ere –solvī –solūtus

to loosen completely; set free; free one's self from obligation; pay, render, give, return; sacrifice, offer

136

personō personuī personitus

to sound loudly; sing, play; cause to or make resound

137

pertēmptō pertēmptāre pertēmptāvī pertēmptātus

to handle completely; test, prove; to search through; thrill, penetrate, pervade, fill

138

pestis pestis

f. plague, disaster

139

pharetra –ae

f. quiver

140

pīctūra –ae

f. the art of painting; painting (> pingo)

141

pīctus –a –um

embroidered; many–colored, speckled, spotted, variegated

142

pietās pietātis

f. responsibility, sense of duty; loyalty; tenderness, goodness; pity; piety

143

pingō pingere pīnxī pictus

to paint, tint, color; adorn/decorate/embellish with colored designs; depict, portray; depict in embroidery; [acu ~ => embroidery, needle–work]

144

pinguis pingue

fat, rich, fertile; also, plump, in good condition; dull, gross, heavy, stupid, doltish

145

pius –a –um

dutiful, loyal

146

placidus –a –um

agreeable, pleasant

147

plācō plācāre plācāvī plācātus

to soothe, placate

148

plaga –ae

f. a tract, region; zone

149

plausus –ūs

m. a beating, clapping, flapping; fluttering sound; plaudit, applause (> plaudo)

150

pluvia –ae (sc. aqua)

f. rain (> pluvius)

151

pōculum pōculī

n. cup, bowl, drinking vessel; drink/draught; social drinking (pl.); drink

152

polliceor pollicērī pollicitus sum

to promise

153

polus –ī

m. the terminating point of an axis; the celestial pole; (meton.), the heavens, sky; air

154

pondus ponderis

n. weight, burden, impediment

155

pontus pontī

m. the open sea, the deep

156

populor –ārī –ātus sum and populō –āre –āvī –ātus

to lay waste; ravage; ransack; devastate, plunder; rob, deprive; of things (> populus)

157

portō portāre portāvī portātus

to carry a load, transport

158

portus portūs

m. port, harbor; refuge, haven, place of refuge

159

poscō poscere poposcī

to ask, demand

160

posthabeō –ēre –uī –itus

to hold next; esteem less

161

postquam

after

162

potentia potentiae

f. power, force

163

potior potiri potitus sum

to obtain, acquire; grasp; attain, reach (goal); come by (experiences); seize, capture; control; have/possess; reign over; win sexually; be/become master of (+ gen./abl.), get possession/submission/hold of

164

praecipuē

especially, particularly

165

praeda praedae

f. booty, loot, spoils, plunder, prey

166

praemittō praemittere praemīsī praemissum

to send ahead

167

praerumpō praerumpere –rūpī –ruptus

to burst or break off in front; p.,

168

praesaepe –is

n. an inclosure, fold, stall, stable, pen; hive (rel. to praesaepio)

169

praesēns

present; at hand; existing; prompt, in person; propitious

170

praeruptus, a, um

broken or torn off; precipitous, abrupt, steep

171

praestāns

excellent, outstanding (in quality/worth/degree/importance), surpassing all

172

praetereā

besides, thereafter; in addition

173

praevertō –ere –vertī –versus

to turn before; to preoccupy, prepossess; surpass; ,

174

praevertor

to surpass, outstrip
pass. as dep. (only in pres.)

175

prīmum

first; for the first time

176

prīnceps –ipis

first; chief; foremost; subst., m., a chief, leader, commander, prince; progenitor, founder, ancestor (> primus and capio)

177

priusquam

before; until; sooner than

178

procāx –ācis

bold, insolent; (fig.), wild, raging

179

procella –ae

f. a gale, storm, squall, tempest

180

procer –eris

m. a chief, noble; pl., proceres, um, elders, nobles, princes (in the sing. found only in the acc.)

181

procul

away; at distance, far off

182

prōdō prodere prōdidī prōditus

to project, thrust forward; bring forth, produce, give birth to; create; nominate; institute; extend, prolong; hand down (lore); publish/record, reveal, uncover; put out; assert; betray; give up, abandon, forsake

183

profor –fātus sum

to speak out; say; speak

184

profugus –a –um

fleeing forth; fugitive, exiled (> profugio, flee)

185

profundus –a –um

deep; lofty, deep–vaulted; subst.,

186

profundum, i

n., the deep, the sea

187

occurrō occurrere occurrī occursus

to run to meet; oppose, resist; come to mind, occur (+ dat.)