Book 1: 5 Flashcards Preview

Aenid > Book 1: 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Book 1: 5 Deck (194):
1

prōgeniēs prōgeniēī

f. descent, lineage, race, family

2

prōlēs prōlis

f. progeny, offspring, descendants

3

prōluō –ere –luī –lūtus

to wash forth or out, cast out; wash away; wet, drench, fill

4

prōnus –a –um

prone, stooping

5

prope propius proximē

nearly, almost/nearest, next, immediately following

6

properō properāre properāvī properātus

to hasten, speed

7

propior propius; proximus –a –um

nearer; nearest

8

proprius –a –um

own, very own; individual; special, particular, characteristic

9

prōra –ae

f. the extreme forward part of a ship; the prow

10

prōrumpō –ere –rūpī –ruptus

to cause to burst forth; cast forth; spring forth; rush, run, burst into; p.,

11

proruptus, a, um

breaking, starting out; dashing, rushing, broken

12

prōspectus –ūs

m. a looking forth, view; sight, prospect, view, w. dat. of the object (> prospicio)

13

prōspiciō prōspicere prōspexī prōspectum

to forsee

14

pūbēs –is

f. the groin, middle; the youthful population; youth, young men; youthful band; brood, offspring

15

pugna pugnae

f. battle, fight

16

pulvis pulveris

m. dust

17

puppis puppis

f. stern of a ship

18

pūrgō pūrgāre pūrgāvī pūrgātus

to clean, purge

19

purpureus –a –um

purple

20

quā

interrog., relat., and indef. in, by, what way? how?; where, which way, side, direction; for quacumque, any way, anywhere; in any way, by any means; where, in whatever way; so far as

21

quālis quāle

what sort of; of which sort, as

22

quassō quassāre quassāvī quassātus

to shake violently, toss, brandish, wave

23

quater

4 times

24

quīcumque

whoever, whatever

25

quiēs quiētis

f. quiet, calm, rest, peace; sleep

26

quiēscō quiēscere quiēvī quiētus

to rest, keep quiet/calm, be at peace/rest; be inactive/neutral; permit; sleep

27

quiētus –a –um

at rest, free from exertion, inactive, in repose

28

quīnquāgintā; quīnquāgēsimus –a –um

50; 50th

29

quippe

indeed, surely

30

quisquam quicquam

someone, something; anyone, anything

31

quō

where, whither

32

quōcircā

for which reason, wherefore, and therefore

33

rabiēs –em –ē

f. madness, frenzy, fury, fierceness; of inanimate things

34

rapidus –a –um

swift, quick

35

raptō raptāre raptāvī raptātus

to seize violently; drag; hurry away, transport (> rapio)

36

rārus –a –um

wide apart, loose, thin; rare, seldom

37

ratis ratis

f. raft

38

recēns recentis

fresh, recent; rested

39

reclūdō –ere –clūsī –clūsus

to unclose; to open, freq.; throw open; reveal, disclose; unsheathe; cut or lay open (> re and claudo)

40

recondō recondere recondidī reconditus

to put up again, put back, lay up, put away, hoard, shut up, close, hide, conceal, bury

41

rēctum –ī

n. right (> rego)

42

recursō recursāre recursāvī recursātus

to rush back; come back, recur to the mind; return

43

reddō reddere reddidī redditus

to return; restore; deliver; hand over, pay back, render, give back; translate

44

redoleō –ēre –uī

to give forth a smell; to be redolent of, fragrant with

45

redūcō redūcere redūxī reductus

to lead back, bring back; restore; reduce

46

reductus, a, um

retired, remote, solitary; receding (> reduco)

47

redux –ucis

led back, brought back, returning (> reduco)

48

refulgeō –ēre –fulsī –fulsus

to flash back; shine forth, flash, be radiant; glitter, glisten

49

refundō –ere –fūdī –fūsus

to pour back or up; cast, throw up; boil up; flow back, overflow; p.,

50

refusus, a, um

thrown back, beaten back; poured back, flowing back upon itself, encircling

51

rēgālis –e

belonging to a king; regal, kingly, royal (> rex)

52

regiō regiōnis

f. area, region; neighborhood; district, country; direction

53

rēgius –a –um

royal, of a king, regal

54

rēgnō rēgnāre rēgnāvī rēgnātus

to rule, reign

55

rēgnum rēgnī

n. royal power; power; control; kingdom

56

reliquiae –ārum

f. pl. relics, remains

57

rēmigium –iī

n. a rowing; oarage, rowing movement; body of rowers, oarsmen; a crew;

58

remigium alarum

= alae, wings (> remex)

59

remordeō –ēre — –morsus

to bite again and again; (fig.), harass, torment, vex, afflict; disturb, concern

60

removeō removēre removī remōtus

to move back; put away; withdraw; remove

61

rēmus rēmī

m. oar

62

rependō –pendere –pendī –pensum

to make up for; balance

63

repetō repetere repetīvī repetītus

to return to; get back; demand back/again; repeat; recall; claim

64

repōnō repōnere reposuī repositus

to put back, set back, replace, restore

65

reses –idis

that remains seated; (fig.), inactive, slothful, quiet; sluggish, torpid, dormant (> resideo)

66

resīdō –ere –sīdere –sēdī

to sit down, sink down, shrink

67

resistō resistere restitī

to pause; continue; resist, oppose; reply; withstand, stand (+ dat.); make a stand

68

respectō respectāre respectāvī respectātus

to look back, look round, gaze about

69

restō restāre restitī to

remain, resist

70

resupīnus –a –um

bent back; lying extended on the back; supine, thrown backwards; stretched out

71

resurgō –surgere –surrēxī –surrēctum

to rise again, reappear

72

retegō retegere retēxī retēctus

to uncover, reveal

73

revīsō –ere

to look at again; visit again, return to see; return to; revisit

74

revocō revocāre revocāvī revocātus

to call back, recall; revive; regain

75

rigeō –ēre

to be stiff, stiffen

76

rīma –ae

f. a cleft; crack, chink, fissure

77

rīpa rīpae

f. bank

78

rogitō rogitāre rogitāvī rogitātus

to ask frequently

79

roseus –a –um

rosy

80

rota rotae

f. wheel

81

rudēns –entis

m. a rope; cord; pl., rudentes, um or ium, cordage

82

ruīna ruīnae

f. fall; catastrophe; collapse, destruction

83

ruō ruere ruī rūtum

to rush

84

rūpēs –is

f. a rock, cliff, crag, ledge, freq.; quarry (> rumpo)

85

sacrātus –a –um

holy (> sacro)

86

saeculum saeculī

n. age; generation, people born at a time; breed, race; present time/age; century; worldliness; the world; heathenism; time; past/present/future [in ~ => forever]

87

saepiō –īre –saepsī –saeptus

to fence in; inclose, surround; envelop (> saepes, inclosure)

88

saeviō saevīre saeviī saevitum

to act savagely, rage

89

saevus –a –um

cruel, savage

90

sagitta sagittae

f. arrow

91

saltem

at least

92

salum –ī

n. the tossing or heaving swell of the sea; the open sea, the main

93

sanctus –a –um

consecrated, sacred, inviolable; venerable, august, divine, holy, pious, just

94

sanguis sanguinis

m. blood; family

95

scaena scaenae

f. stage

96

scēptrum –ī

n. a royal staff; scepter; freq.; (meton.), rule, sway, power, royal court, realm; authority

97

scindō scindere scidī scissum

to cut, rend, tear asunder

98

scintilla –ae

f. a spark

99

scopulus –ī

m. a projecting ledge of rock; a high cliff or rock; crag; ledge, reef; detached rock, fragment of rock

100

scūtum scūtī

n. shield

101

sēcessus –ūs

m. a going apart; a retreat, retirement; a recess (> secedo)

102

sēclūdō –ere –clūsī –clūsus

to shut apart, off, out; shut up; shut out, dismiss (> se– and claudo)

103

secō secāre secuī sectum

to cut

104

secūrus –a –um

free from care, tranquil; careless

105

sēdēs sēdis

f. seat, chair; home, residence; settlement, habitation

106

sedīle –is

n. a bench, seat (> sedeo)

107

sēditiō sēditiōnis

f. dissension, revolt

108

sēmita –ae

f. a byway, lane; path (> se– and cf. meo, to go)

109

sēnī –ae –a

6 each

110

seriēs –em –ē

f. a chain of things, train, row, succession, series (> sero)

111

sermō sermōnis

m. conversation, discussion; rumor; diction; speech; talk; the word

112

serta –ōrum

n. things entwined; garlands, festoons, wreaths (> sero, serere, serui, sertus)

113

servitium servirti(ī)

n. servitude, slavery

114

seu

or if; or

115

sive ... sive

whether ... or, either ... or]

116

silentium silenti(ī)

n. silence

117

sileō silēre siluī

to be slient

118

silex silicis

n. pebble, stone, flint; boulder, stone; granite

119

silva silvae

f. wood, forest

120

simul

at same time; likewise; also; simultaneously; at once; w. abl. (cum being omitted); as soon as, when

121

simulō simulāre simulāvī simulātus

to imitate, copy; pretend (to have/be); look like; simulate; counterfeit; feint

122

sīn

but if; if on the contrary

123

singulī –ae –a

apiece (pl.); every; one each/at a time; individual/separate/single; several

124

sinō sinere sīvī situs

to allow, permit

125

sinus sinūs

m. fold of a garment; lap, bay, gulf

126

sociō sociāre sociāvī sociātus

to make one a socius; to share, unite, associate; join in marriage (> socius)

127

socius –iī

m. an associate, ally; companion, friend, comrade

128

solium –iī

n. a seat; throne

129

sōlor –ātus sum

to solace, console; assuage, comfort, aid, relieve; console one's self for

130

sōlum –ī

n. base, bottom, earth

131

solvō solvere solvī solūtus

to loosen; free, release; dissolve

132

sonāns –antis

sounding, resounding, murmuring, rustling, rattling, freq. (> sono)

133

sonō sonāre sonuī sonitum

to sound, resound

134

sōpiō sōpīre sōpīvī sōpītum

to put to sleep, lull to sleep

135

sors sortis

f. lot, fate; oracular response

136

spargō spargere sparsī sparsum

to scatter, strew; cast in fragments; disperse; shower, hurl; sprinkle; besprinkle, bedew, stain; infuse; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate; bring over or upon, diffuse

137

speculor speculārī speculātus

to watch

138

spēlunca spēluncae

f. cave

139

spernō spernere sprēvī sprētum

to reject, spurn

140

spīrō spīrāre spīrāvī spīrātus

to breathe, blow; palpitate; pant; breathe heavily; heave, boil; of odors, breathe forth, exhale, emit; p.,

141

splendidus –a –um

shining, clear, brilliant, splendid

142

spolia –ōrum

n. plunder

143

sponda –ae

f. the frame of a bedstead or couch; a couch

144

spūma –ae

f. froth, foam, spray; pl., spray (> spuo, spit)

145

spūmō spūmāre spūmāvī spūmātus

to foam (> spuma)

146

stabilis –e

steadfast, lasting, permanent (> sto)

147

stagnum stagnī

n. standing water, lake, pool, pond, swamp, fen

148

statuō statuere statuī statūtus

to set up, establish, set, place, build; decide, think

149

sternō sternere strāvī strātus

to spread, strew, scatter; lay out

150

stīpō stīpāre stīpāvī stīpātus

to tread down, compress; pack together, store up; load, w. acc. and dat.; throng around, attend

151

stirps stirps

f. stalk, stem

152

strātum –ī

n. bedding, coverlet; (often in pl.) bed

153

strepitus –ūs

m. a noise; an uproar; din; stir, noise of festivity; confused noise (> strepo)

154

strīdeō strīdēre and strīdō strīdere strīdī

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak; gurgle; rustle; whiz, roar; hiss; twang

155

strīdor –ōris

m. a harsh, grating, or whizzing sound; a creaking, whistling; din, clank, rattling; humming (> strido)

156

stringō stringere strīnxī strictum

to draw tight

157

struō struere strūxī strūctus

to build, construct

158

stupeō –ēre –uī

to be amazed or dazed; to be bewildered, confounded, lost in wonder; wonder at

159

suādeō suādēre suāsī suāsus

to urge, recommend; suggest; induce; propose, persuade, advise

160

subdūcō –dūcere –dūxī –ductum

to draw up, raise; remove, take away

161

subeō subīre subīvī/subiī subitus

to go/move/pass/sink/extend underneath/into; climb/come/go up, ascend; steal in on; place/be placed under/in support; come up w/aid; assume a form; undergo, endure

162

subigō subigere subēgī subāctum

to drive under, subject

163

summergō –ere –mersī –mersus

to plunge beneath; submerge, sink (> sub and mergo)

164

subnīxus –a –um

resting or seated on; sustained, defended by; held up by or bound under

165

subvolvō –ere –volvī –volūtus

to roll up

166

succēdō succēdere successī successus

to climb; advance; follow; succeed in

167

succingō –ere –cīnxī –cīnctus

to gird beneath; gird up; wrap; gird (> sub and cingo)

168

succurrō –currere –currī –cursūrum

to come to mind

169

suffundō –ere –fūdī –fūsus

to pour from below; pour through; overspread, suffuse (> sub and fundo)

170

sulcus –ī

m. a furrow; furrow; track, train

171

super

above, on top, over; upwards; moreover, in addition, besides; during (time); concerning; beyond

172

superbia superbiae

f. arrogance, pride, haughtiness

173

superēmineō –ēre

to rise above, tower above

174

superī –ōrum

m. those above, i.e. the gods

175

supersum superesse superfuī superfutūrus

to be left over; survive; be in excess/superfluous (to); remain to be performed

176

supplex supplicis

suppliant; a suppliant (> supplico, beseech)

177

suppliciter

in a suppliant manner; suppliantly; as a suppliant or suppliants (> supplex)

178

sūra –ae

f. the calf of the leg; the leg

179

sūs suis

m. or f. pig

180

suspiciō suspicere suspexī suspectus

to look up to; admire

181

suspīrō suspīrāre suspīrāvī suspīrātus

to breathe from beneath or deeply; to sigh

182

syrtis –is

f. a sand–bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa; a sand–bank, shoal

183

tābeō –ēre

to melt; drip, be drenched; to waste away, be wan

184

tabula tabulae

f. writing tablet (wax covered board); records (pl.); document, deed, will; list; plank/board, flat piece of wood; door panel; counting/playing/notice board; picture, painting; wood panel for painting; metal/stone tablet/panel w/text

185

tacitus –a –um

silent

186

tandem

finally, at last; in questions and commands, pray, I ask you, then

187

tardus –a –um

slow, limping; deliberate; late

188

taurīnus –a –um

of a bull or bull's (> taurus)

189

taurus taurī

m. bull

190

tēctum –ī

n. roof; building, house

191

tegmen (tegumen) –inis

n. a means of covering; skin, hide; clothing; shield; tegmen crurum, close–fitting trousers worn by Phrygians (> tego)

192

sonōrus –a –um

loud–sounding; roaring; ringing, resounding (> sonor)

193

spirans, antis

lifelike, breathing

194

subnectō –ere –nexuī –nexus

to tie beneath; to bind under; bind, fasten; tie or bind up