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RUSVM Bacteriology > Bordetella > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bordetella Deck (15)
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1

Bordetella Characteristics

Cocco-bacillus
Slow growth
Obligate symbiotic

2

B. Bronchiseptica has affinity for

ciliated respiratory epithelium

3

B. Bronchiseptica - causes what in dogs

Kennel cough

4

B. Bronchiseptica - causes what in pigs

Atrophic rhinitis

5

B. Bronchiseptica - Virulence - Adhesins

Filamentous haemagglutinin
OMP
Fimbriae

6

B. Bronchiseptica - Virulence - Toxins

Haemolysin - neutrophil inhibition
Dermonecrotic
Osteo toxin
Tracheal cytotoxin
LPS

7

B. Bronchiseptica - Pigs - Non-progressive rhinitis

Damage of nasal mucosa

8

B. Bronchiseptica - Pigs - Pneumonic bordetellosis

Primary infection when less than 1 wk
Coughing, dyspnea
High morbidity and mortality
Lung lesions

9

B. Bronchiseptica - Pigs - Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis

Damage to osteoblasts
Sniffing, Sneezing, Tears, Blood from nose

10

B. Bronchiseptica - Pigs - Treatment

Difficult
Antibacterial
Vaccination (sow, piglets)

11

B. Bronchiseptica - Dogs and Cats - Pathogenesis

Endogenic and exogenic
Adhesion to ciliated epithelium --> NH3 production and toxins --> inflammation

12

B. Bronchiseptica - Dogs and Cats - Symptoms

Dry cough
Runny nose and eye
Decrease appetite
Lethargic

13

B. Avium - Turkeys

Coryza - irritation and swelling of the mucous membranes in nose

14

B. Avium - Epidemiology

Older animals are carriers
Transferred via bedding and drinking water

15

B. Avium - Symptoms

High morbity, low mortality
Decreased growth
Nose discharge + sneezing
Head shaking