Bot Med I- Adaptogens Flashcards Preview

Botanical Medicine > Bot Med I- Adaptogens > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bot Med I- Adaptogens Deck (27):
1

what are adaptogens?

produces a non-specific response in an organism, increases organisms power of resistance against multiple stressors
has a normalizing effect on physiology

2

what are the 9 adaptogens talked about in this class?

-Eleutherococcus senticosis (siberian ginseng)
-Panax ginseng (asian ginseng)
-Panax quinquifolium (american ginseng)
-Oplopanax horridus (Devil's club)
-Withania somnifera (ashwaganda)
-Rhodiola rosea (golden root)
-Schisandra chinensis (five-flavor berry)
-Occimum sanctum (holy basil, tulsi)
-Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice)
-Cordyceps sinensis (caterpillar fungus)

3

latin name of siberian ginseng? family? part used? energetics?

eleutherococcus senticosis
family: araliaceae
part used: root, stem bark and leaf
energetics: warm, stimulating, dispels wind dampness

4

latin name of siberian ginseng? actions? indications? c/is?

eleutherococcus senitcosis
actions: adaptogens, immunomodulating, mild CNS stimulant
indications: builds vitality, increase resistance to infxn, stress and toxicity, improve physical performance and improve mood
c/is: adulteration is common in marketplace; monitor blood glucose in diabetics and hypoglycemics

5

latin name of siberian ginseng?
name as many as you can of the 13 actions of siberian ginseng

eleutherococcus senitcosis
nonspecific antistress effects
adaptogenic
ergogenic
anabolic/anticatabolic
antitoxic
radioprotective
chemoprotective
immunoprotective
immunoregulatory
antiviral
gonadotrohpic
insulintrophic/antidiabetic
neuroprotective

6

latin name of asian ginseng? family, part used and energetics?

panax ginseng
family: araliaceae
part used: root, leaf
energetics: warming

7

latin name of asian ginseng? actions? indications? c/is?

panax ginseng
actions: adaptogen, tonic, stimulant, hypoglycemic, antioxidant
indications: weakened state dt chronic illness or chronic stress
c/is: buy organically grown roots, if used long-term w/caffeine, may cause HTN, c/i w/MAO inhibitors dt mania

8

latin name of american ginseng? family? part used? energetics?

panax quinquifolium
family: araliaceae
part used: root, leaf
energetics: cooling

9

latin name of american ginseng? actions? indications? c/is?

panax quinquifolium
actions: tonic, nervine, adaptogen, hypoglycemic
indications: nervous dyspepsia, loss of appetite, mental exhaustion
c/is: PG

10

specific indication of panax quinquifolium?

nervous dyspepsia (mental and other forms of nervous exhaustion from overwork)

11

latin name of devil's club? family? part used? energetics?

oplopanax horridus
family: araliaceae
part used: root, stem bark
energetics: cooling, stimulating, protective, supporting

12

latin name of devil's club? actions? indications?

oplopanax horridus
actions: expectorant, respiratory stimulant, hypoglycemic, immunomodulator
indications: for nervous, mental, emotional and physical exhaustion or antimicrobial, antirheumatic, antidiabetic, respiratory medicine, anti-CA
c/is: PG

13

latin name of ashwaganda? family? part used? energetics?

withania somnifera
family: solanaceae
part used: root
energetics: warming, balances Vata and Kapha

14

latin name of ashwaganda?
actions? indications? c/is?

withania somnifera
actions: adaptogen, tonic, immunomodulator, anti-inflammatory, increases Hgb, WBCs and neutrophils; sedative, anxiolytic, antiepileptic, hypotensive, enhances cognition, protects against ulcers, neuroregenerative, antidepressant
indications: high stress causing fatigue, nervous exhaustion, chronic inflammatory dz, insomnia
c/is: PG

15

classic uses of ashwaganda?

increase longevity and vitality
aphrodisiac
tonic nervine
used to tx emaciation of children and debility in elderly

16

what are the 4 neuroregenerative disease models ashwaganda can help in?

alzheimer's dz/dementia
spinal cord injury
parkinson's dz
huntington's dz

17

latin name of golden root? family? part used? energetics?

rhodiola rosea
family: crassulaceae
part used: root
energetics: astringent

18

latin name of golden root? actions? indications? c/is?

rhodiola rosea
actions: adaptogen, decreases fatigue, increase endurance, increase work capacity and coordination, increases learning ability, improves memory, decrease in drug-induced arrhythmia, decreased CRP and CK after strenuous exercise, stimulant, antidepressant
indications: fatigue, burn-out from highly stressful situations, altitude sickness, intensive learning, neurasthenia
c/is: may cause overstimulation and interfere with sleep, vivid dreams, in bipolar d/o, synergistic effect w/TCAs

19

common name of five-flavored berry? family? part used? energetics?

schisandra chinensis
family: magnoliaceae
part used: berries
energetics: sour, bitter, warm

20

common name of five-flavored berry? actions? indications? c/is?

schisandra chinensis
actions: adaptogen, mind tonic, CNS stimulant, sexual tonic, sedative, astringent, hepatoprotective, expectorant, antitussive
indications: depression, irritability, forgetfullness, stress, hepatitis, cirrhosis, cough, wheezing, SOB, skin rash
c/is: PG, may cause heartburn

21

latin name of holy basil/tulsi? family? part used? energetics?

ocimum tenuiflorum
family: lamiaceae
part used: root
energetics: rama- neutral, krishna- clearing and warming, vana- sweet

22

latin name of holy basil/tulsi? actions? c/is?

ocimum tenuiflorum
actions: adaptogen, nootropic
c/is: mild blood thinning effects, monitor in diabetic pts dt hypoglycemic effects

23

latin name of holy basil/tulsi?
name as many as you can of the 16 clinical uses of holy basil/tulsi

ocimum tenuiflorum
adaptogen
anti-ulcer
physical/mental performance
liver protective
anti-oxidant
radiation protective
anti-diarrheal
anti-asthmatic
anti-inflammatory
anti-diabetic
anabolic effects
relaxing, calming
fertility enhancement
cardiovascular
anti-viral
anti-CA

24

latin name of licorice? family? part used? energetics?

glycyrrhiza glabra, glycyrrhiza uralensis
family: fabaceae
part used: rootlets, rhizomes, stolons
energetics: moistening, soooooo sweet

25

latin name of licorice? actions? indications? c/is?

glycyrrhiza glabra, glycyrrhiza uralensis
actions: adaptogen, harmonizer, synergist, antiviral, expectorant, demulcent/mucoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, antispasmodic, mild laxative, adrenal tonic, anticarcinogenic, flavor, moderator
indications: inflammatory conditions of the GI tract, canker sores, gastritis, ulceration, hyperacidity, respiratory conditions requiring expectoration and soothing mucilage, adrenal insufficiency, Addison's dz, inflammatory conditions, arthritis, AI dzs, chronic viral hepatitis, herpes simplex, UTIs, diabetes insipidus, constipation, PCOS, infertility, dysmenorrhea
c/is: HTN, hypokalemia, PG, KD failure, potentiates the action of cardiac glycosides

26

latin name of caterpillar fungus? family? part used? energetics?

cordyceps sinensis
family: clavicipitaceae
part used: fruiting body or mycelium
energetics: sweet, warm

27

latin name of caterpillar fungus? actions? indications? c/is?

cordyceps sinensis
actions: adaptogen, immunostimulant, antitumor, antihyperlipidemic, cardiotonic, increases endurance, nephroprotective when coadministered w/aminoglycoside abs, antiviral, anti-ox, aphrodisiac, circulatory stimulant, anti-asthma
indications: excessive tiredness, persistent cough, impotence, anemia
c/is: adulteration, fumigation, misidentification