Bot Med I- Alteratives Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bot Med I- Alteratives Deck (60):
1

what is an alterative? how is it different from an adaptogen?

herb that alters the body in a non-specific but broadly beneficial way
conceived originally as a "blood purifier" or "blood cleanser"
adaptogens have more of an endocrine effect

2

alterative vs depurative?

alterative: nourishing tonics that have a broadly beneficial effect on the body and that slowly and steadily support a return to a healthy state
depurative: herbs w/a more specific action of cleansing a particular organ or system

3

8 indications for alteratives

generalize and chronic dysfxn
digestive, eliminatory and circulatory hypofxn
maldigestion
hormonal imbalance
"toxemia"
acne
chronic infxns
chronic inflammation

4

Toxemia

condition produced by accumulation of putrefactive and toxic waste products

5

7 alterative botanicals

trifolium pratense (red clover)
rumex spp. (yellow dock, curly dock)
mahonia spp (oregon grape, barberry, mahonia)
smilax spp (sarsaparilla)
arctium lappa (burdock)
curcuma longa (tumeric)
urtica diocia (stinging nettles)

6

red clover latin name:
family:

latin name: trifolium pratense
family: fabaceae

7

red clover latin name:
preparation and doseage of
tincture
infusion/decoction
standardized extraction is how many mg/d?
cautions/CIs:

red clover latin name: trifolium pratense
preparation and doseage of
tincture: 2-6 mL/d of a 1:5 tincture of 25% EtOH
infusion/decoction: 1-2 tsp per cup, 2-4 c per day
standardized extraction is how many mg/d? 40-80 mg/d
cautions/CIs: caution w/blood thinners, oral contraceptives and estrogen (+) CAs

8

what is trifolium pratense especially good for treating?

whooping cough, bronchitis, laryngitis, measles, slowing CA growth

9

what is in the Trifolium Compound (9 parts)?

trifolium pratense (red clover)
arctium lappa (burdock root)
mahonia aquifolium (Oregon grape root)
stillingia sylvatica (queen's root)
glycyrrhiza glabra (dried root)
rhamnus purshiana (cascara sagrada bark)
rhamnus frangula (buckthorn bark)
zanthoxylum clava-herculis (southern prickly ash bark)
potassium iodide 3%

10

burdock latin name:
family:

burdock latin name: arctium lappa
family: asteraceae

11

burdock latin name:
preparation and doseage
tincture
fluid extract
decoction
seeds
infusion
harvesting:

burdock latin name: arctium lappa
preparation and doseage
tincture: root, 2-4 mL, (1:5, 40%) TID
fluid extract: 2-6 mL (1:1, 25%) TID
decoction: root, 1 tsp/cup, 3 c per day
seeds: 3-9 QD
infusion: 25-40 ground seeds per cup of water, 1/2 c up to 6x/d
harvesting: roots can be dug in spring or early fall in 2nd to 4th year, seeds collected in the fall of the 2nd year

12

indications of arctium lappa

liver not moving waste products well while KDs and skin are also overburdened or incapable of removing waste products

13

specific conditions to use arctium lappa for

dermatological conditions (dry and scaly cutaneous eruptions)
endocrine conditions (lowering blood sugar)
GI conditions (stimulates gustatory n.)
inflammatory conditions (rheumatism and gout, RA)
hepatobiliary conditions (stimulate secretion of bile)
topical (bruises, skin eruptions, burns)

14

oregon grape latin name:
family:

oregon grape latin name: mahonia spp.
family: berberidaceae

15

latin name of oregon grape:
preparation and dose:
tincture
decoction
dried root bark
harvesting:

latin name of oregon grape: mahonia spp
preparation and dose:
tincture 1-4 mL TID (1:5, 40%)
decoction 1-2 tsp/c 1 cup TID
dried root bark 1-2 g/d
harvesting: root bark can be harvested mid-Summer through Winter, strip bark from step and root w/a knife when the root is fresh

16

latin name of yellow dock:
family:

latin name of yellow dock: rumex crispus
family: polygonaceae

17

yellow dock latin name:
preparation and dosage
tincture
decoction
fluid extract
harvest:
don't eat:

yellow dock latin name: rumex crispus
preparation and dosage
tincture: 1-4 mL (1:5, 40%) TID, 2-4.5 mL (1:2) daily
decoction: 1 tsp/c
fluid extract: 2-4 mL daily in divided doses
harvest: in the fall
don't eat: the leaves b/c they are very high in oxalic acid and can cause poisoning b/c it chelates Ca2+ in the blood

18

stinging nettle latin name:
family:

stinging nettle latin name: urtica diocia
family: urticaceae

19

latin name of stinging nettle:
preparation and dosage
food
dried herb
tincture
long term use can cause?
drug interactions?

latin name of stinging nettle: urtica diocia
preparation and dosage
food: cooking or steaming will denature stinging trichomes and safe for eating
dried herb: 8-12 g/d
tincture: 3-6 mL/d (1:2), 7-14 mL (1:5)
long term use can cause? drying of mucous membranes
drug interactions? none

20

sarsaparilla latin name:
family:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
family: liliaceae

21

latin name for sarsaparilla:
dosage and preparation:
tincture
decoction

latin name for sarsaparilla: smilax spp.
dosage and preparation: classically prepared as a syrup that was often used as a carrier for other ingredients
tincture: 1-2 mL (1:5, 60%) TID
decoction: 2-4 tsp/c of water, simmer for 5-10 min

22

latin name of turmeric:
family:

latin name of turmeric: curcuma longa
family: zingiberaceae

23

red clover latin name:
part used:

red clover latin name: trifolium pratense
part used: flower

24

red clover latin name:
energetics:

red clover latin name: trifolium pratense
energetics: cooling

25

red clover latin name:
actions (5):

red clover latin name: trifolium pratense
actions (5): alterative, antitumor, antitussive, antispasmodic, phytoestrogenic

26

red clover latin name:
indications (8):

red clover latin name: trifolium pratense
indications (8): CA, gout, arthritis, acne, spasmatic cough, cachexia, burns, ulcers, TB/inflammation of lungs

27

burdock latin name:
parts used:

burdock latin name: arctium lappa
parts used: roots, but also seed and leaf

28

burdock latin name:
energetics:

burdock latin name: arctium lappa
energetics: cooling

29

burdock latin name:
actions:

burdock latin name: arctium lappa
actions: root- alterative, mild bitter, antitumor, antimutagenic, nutritive, antirheumatic, phytoestrogenic, liver tonic; leaves- antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory

30

burdock latin name:
indications:

burdock latin name: arctium lappa
indications: root- dry and scaly skin conditions: psoriasis, eczema, dandruff, rheumatic/arthritic conditions, anorexia, cystitis, wounds and ulcers; leaves: mastitis, joint sprains; seeds: cystitis, skin conditions

31

oregon grape latin name:
parts used:

oregon grape latin name: mahonia spp.
parts used: root bark and stem bark

32

oregon grape latin name:
energetics:

oregon grape latin name: mahonia spp.
energetics: cooling, drying

33

oregon grape latin name:
actions:

oregon grape latin name: mahonia spp.
actions: alterative, digestive bitter, anti-catarrhal, antimicrobial, cholagogue, mild laxative

34

oregon grape latin name:
specific organ:

oregon grape latin name: mahonia spp.
specific organ: liver

35

oregon grape latin name:
indications:

oregon grape latin name: mahonia spp.
indications: skin- psoriasis, eczema, herpes, pityriasis, acne, syphilis; poor GB fxn- nausea, fat malabsorption, digestive upset; infxns- skin, eyes, intestional tract

36

oregon grape latin name:
contraindications:

oregon grape latin name: mahonia spp.
C/I: PG

37

latin name of yellow dock:
part used:

latin name of yellow dock: rumex crispus
part used: root

38

latin name of yellow dock:
energetics:

latin name of yellow dock: rumex crispus
energetics: cooling

39

latin name of yellow dock:
actions:

latin name of yellow dock: rumex crispus
actions: alterative, digestive bitter, nutritive, cholagogue, mild laxative, GI tonic, calms irritation of the larynx in chronic cough

40

latin name of yellow dock:
specific organ:

latin name of yellow dock: rumex crispus
specific organ: liver, GI, larynx

41

latin name of yellow dock:
indications:

latin name of yellow dock: rumex crispus
indications: chronic skin conditions, psoriasis, eczema, acne, lax bowels, constipation, liver congestion

42

latin name of yellow dock:
C/Is:

latin name of yellow dock: rumex crispus
C/Is: oxalate KD stones, KD dz, iron overload, PG

43

stinging nettle latin name:
parts used:

stinging nettle latin name: urtica diocia
parts used: leaf, root, seed

44

stinging nettle latin name:
energetics:

stinging nettle latin name: urtica diocia
energetics: drying

45

stinging nettle latin name:
actions:

stinging nettle latin name: urtica diocia
actions: leaf- alterative, nutritive, anti-inflammatory, urinary tract tonic; root- astringent, anti-inflammatory, multiple influences of hormone transformation related to BPH

46

stinging nettle latin name:
indications:

stinging nettle latin name: urtica diocia
indications: leaf- chronic skin conditions, eczema, psoriasis, acne, allergic rhinitis (freeze-dried); root: BPH, diarrhea

47

stinging nettle latin name:
C/Is:

stinging nettle latin name: urtica diocia
C/Is: allergy to nettle

48

sarsaparilla latin name:
parts used:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
parts used: root, rhizome

49

sarsaparilla latin name:
energetics:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
energetics: drying, earthy

50

sarsaparilla latin name:
actions:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
actions: alterative, antirhematic, diaphoretic, diuretic, adaptogenic

51

sarsaparilla latin name:
specific organ:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
specific organ: endocrine balance

52

sarsaparilla latin name:
indications:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
indications: skin conditions, rheumatic pain and hormonal balance, increasing overall resistance to stress

53

sarsaparilla latin name:
C/Is:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
C/Is: may increase absorption of digitalis glycosides, C/I in PG

54

sarsaparilla latin name:
toxicity:

sarsaparilla latin name: smilax spp.
toxicity: large doses can cause GI irritation or even ulceration dt high saponin content

55

latin name of turmeric:
parts used:

latin name of turmeric: curcuma longa
parts used: rhizome

56

latin name of turmeric:
energetics:

latin name of turmeric: curcuma longa
energetics: cooling, warming, stimulating, moves stagnation

57

latin name of turmeric:
actions:

latin name of turmeric: curcuma longa
actions: alterative, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, cholagogue, choleretic, emmenagogue, lowers cholesterol, carminative, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, vulnerary

58

latin name of turmeric:
specific organ:

latin name of turmeric: curcuma longa
specific organ: liver, circulatory system

59

latin name of turmeric:
indications:

latin name of turmeric: curcuma longa
indications: inflammation, jaundice, liver d/os, chronic skin conditions, cardiovascular dz

60

latin name of turmeric:
C/Is:

latin name of turmeric: curcuma longa
C/Is: C/I in lg doses in PG, in bild duct obstruction