Bot Med I- medicinal actions Flashcards Preview

Botanical Medicine > Bot Med I- medicinal actions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bot Med I- medicinal actions Deck (45):
1

alterative

general nutritive eliminative agent that alters function gradually towards health

2

analgesic

diminishes pain

3

anodyne

relieves pain

4

anthelmintic

expels/destroys intestinal helminths

5

antibiotic

destroys or arrests the growth of bacteria or protozoa

6

antiemetic

relieves n/v

7

antiseptic

inhibits the growth of bacteria

8

antispasmodic

reduces the intensity of spasticity, tremor or cramps

9

antitussive

relieves cough

10

aperient

gentle stimulant to the bowels, mild laxative

11

aphrodisiac

stimulates sexual desire or arousal

12

astringent

contracts tissue, reducing bleeding or fluid exudate

13

balsam

healing or soothing agent, usually made from tree resin

14

bitter

stimulate gastric, pancreatic and GB juices as well as motility dt its bitter taste

15

cardiac

exerts an effect on the heart

16

emetic

induces vomiting

17

emmenagogue

promotes menstrual flow

18

emollient

moisturizes the skin

19

expectorant

promotes d/c of mucous from the lungs

20

galactagogue

activity of the production of milk by the mammary glands

21

hemostatic

stops bleeding

22

hypnotic

promotes sleep

23

hepatic

affects the liver

24

laxative

promotes defecation

25

narcotic

relieves pain & induces sleep (generally has higher toxicity)

26

nervine

calming or soothing to the nerves

27

purgative

strong laxative

28

restorative

restores normal physiological activity

29

rubefacient

local irritant that increases circulation and thus erythema

30

sedative

calming to the nerves with reduced alertness

31

stimulant

enhances a physiologic process

32

stomachic

has an effect on the fxn of the stomach

33

styptic

astringent that stops bleeding

34

tonic

strengthens and organ, organ system or the whole organism

35

vermicide

destroys helminths

36

vermifuge

stimulates the expulsion of helminths

37

vulnerary

heals wounds

38

carminative

soothes digestive upset, helps expel gas

39

corrigent

a substance added to modify a medicinal substance, usually by adding flavor

40

demulcent

a mucilaginous substance that soothes tissue, particularly mucous membranes

41

cathartic

very strong laxative

42

cholagogue

increases flow of bile into intestines

43

cholerestic

increases production of bile

44

diaphoretic

promotes perspiration

45

diuretic

increases the output of urine