Flashcards in Bot Med I- Nervines Deck (29):
avena sativa (milky oat seed)
scutellaria lateriflora (skullcap)
humulus lupulus (hops)
valeriana officianlis (valerian)
piper methysticum (kava)
melissa officinalis (lemon balm)
leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
hypericumcardiaca (St. John's Wort)
Passiflora incarnata (passion flower)
matricaria recutita (chamomile)
eschscholtzia californica (california poppy)
what is a nervine?
herbs that act on the NS
can be divided into tonics, sedatives and hypnotics
what is a nerve tonic? 2 examples
substance that improves the tone and vigor or fxn of the NS
exs: avena sativa, hypericum perforatum
what is a sedative? 2 examples?
aka relaxant, decrease stimulation to the NS, calming effect
exs: scutellaria lateriflora, humulus lupulus, melissa officinalis, eschscholtzia californica, valeriana officinalis, lavandula spp, leonurus cardiaca, matricaria recutita, nepeta cataria, passiflora incarnata
what are hypnotics? 2 examples
stronger sedatives, cause drowsiness, may alter mental status, often have anodyne effects
exs: piper methysticum, piscidida erythrina, eschscholtzia californica, humulus lupulus, valeriana officinalis, passiflora incarnata
6 indications for nervines?
latin name for milky oat seed? family? part used? energetics?
part used: immature milky seed
latin name for milky oat seed? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: nervine, nutritive to the NS, cerebral trophorestorative
indications: nervous exhaustion, nervous h/a, cardiac weakness dt nervous depression or debility, opiate withdrawal, nicotine withdrawal
c/is: possibly antagonizes the antinociceptive effects of morphine
latin name for skullcap? family? part used? energetics?
part used: aerial parts in bloom
latin name of skullcap? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: sedative, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, stomachic
indications: insomnia, restlessness, anxiety, agitation, teething, h/a from exhaustion, chorea, seizures, neuralgia, muscular fasciculations, exhaustion dt illness
c/is: may potentiate the effects of other sedative medications
latin name for hops? family? part used? energetics?
part used: strobile
energetics: cooling, lax
latin name for hops? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: sedative, digestive bitter, cholagogue, mild laxative, antimicrobial
indications: delirium tremens, restless leg syndrome, dyspepsia, nervous h/a, generalized nervous tension, insomnia, increase lactation
c/is: depression, PG
latin name of valerian? family? part used? energetics?
part used: root
energetics: warming, lax
latin name of valerian? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: sedative, relaxant, antispasmodic, hypotensive, diuretic, diaphoretic, anticonvulsant
c/is: may potentiate actions of other sleep inducing agents, possibly associated with benzodiazepine-like withdrawal sxs
latin name of kava kava? family? part used? energetics?
part used: root
latin name of kava kava? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: sedative, hypnotic, antispasmodic, analgesic, anesthetic, anxiolytic
indications: anxiety, insomnia, fibromyalgia, cholecystitis, uteral spasm, interstitial cystitis, tension h/a, neuralgia
c/is: PG, lactation, liver dz, potentiates the effects of EtOH, benzodiazepines, rare but serious incidences of acute liver toxicity
latin name of lemon balm? family? part used? energetics?
part used: whole plant before flowering
energetics: uplifting, cooling
latin name of lemon balm? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: sedative, mild antidepressant, carminative, hypotensive, antiviral, antispasmodic
indications: nervous dyspepsia, anxiety, depression, insomnia, migraines- particularly indicated where stress is the cause, hyperthyroidism, topically for herpes simplex
c/is: hypothyroidism, PG
latin name of motherwort? family? part used? energetics?
part used: aerial parts
energetics: neutral, drying
latin name of motherwort? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: sedative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, hypotensive, antispasmodic, emmenagogue
indications: nervousness, irritability, palpitations, hyperthyroidism, amenorrhea, PP depression
c/is: PG, doses over 3 g may cause diarrhea, uterine bleeding and GI upset
latin name of St. John's Wort? family? part used? energetics?
part used: fresh aerial parts
energetics: mildly warming and enlightening
latin name of St. John's Wort? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, antispasmodic, anti-viral, astringent, detoxifying, nervine, vulnerary, sedative
indications: wound healing, mild-moderate depression, neuralgia, nerve injury
c/is: induces CYP3A4 and can cause increased clearance of pharmaceutical drugs
what is hypericism?
sensitivity to sunlight following ingestion of large quantities of hypericum
latin name of passion flower? family? part used? energetics?
part used: whole plant
latin name of passion flower? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: sedative, anxiolytic, antispasmodic, anodyne, hypotensive
indications: anxiety, nervous h/a, restlessness, insomnia
c/is: PG, potentiates sedative drugs
latin name of chamomile? family? part used? energetics?
part used: flower
latin name of chamomile? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: nervine, anxiolytic, antidepressant, stomachic
indications: nervousness, impatience, discontent, insomnia, particularly useful in children
c/is: high doses can cause vomiting and diarrhea
latin name of california poppy? family? part used? energetics?
part used: whole plant