Flashcards in Brain Deck (134):
What is the name of the largest tract?
What does the claustrum control?
subconscious visual information
What are the names are the two association areas?
Wernicke's area and Gnostic areas
Where is CSF produced?
Where is the primary auditory area found?
What is a fissure?
What other things does the nuclei the medulla oblongata control?
coughing, sneezing, salivation, swallowing, gagging, vomiting
What does the diaphragma sellae separate?
the hypothalamus and the pituitary
Where is Wernicke's area found?
Parietal and temporal lobe
What layer is arbor vitae, and what is its color?
internal, white matter
What are projections in central white matter?
Connects cortex to inferior parts of the brain
Where does the tegmentum integrate?
between the cerebrum and the cerebellum
What are the cerebral peduncles?
What does the primary somatic motor cortex control?
What kind of tissue is the pia mater made of?
thin areolar CT
What is the associated structure of the arachnoid mater and what is it filled with?
Subarachnoid space and it is filled with CSF
What is the nucleus gracilis in the medulla oblongata?
somatic sensory, lower limbs
What does the pineal gland control?
Where is the arachnoid mater found?
deep to the dura mater
What does the pons have?
autonomic respiratory centers
What is the vasometer center in the medulla oblongata?
BP through blood vessel diameter
What structure connects the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland?
What are the three layers of the cranial meninges?
Dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater
What fissure form the tentorium cerebelli?
Where is the primary somatic sensory cortex found?
post central gyrus
Where is the diencephalon found?
between the cerebral hemispheres
What are the names of the five lobes of the cerebrum?
Parietal, frontal, occipital, temporal and insula
What is central white matter?
tracts; myelinated axons
Where is the motor speech area found?
inferolateral portion of the left frontal lobe
What do the gnostic areas do?
integrates all sensory, visual and auditory stimuli
What part of the brain stem is the mesencephalon found on?
the superior portion
What is the function of the cerebellum?
Smooth coordinated movements, equilibrium and posture
What is another name for the "motor speech area"?
What is the function of the primary somatic sensory cortex?
What does the amygdaloid body control?
emotion and moods
What is the crossing of the pyramids on the medulla oblongata called?
decussation of the pyramids
What is the function of the cerebrum?
conscious thought process, intellectual function, voluntary visual, motor and auditory
What is an association in central white matter?
connects cortex with the same hemisphere
What does gustatory refer to?
What are the 4 functions of the frontal lobe?
personality, voluntary motor movement, verbal communication, decision making
What is environmental stability in terms of CSF?
Bring nutrients and removes waste
Where its he primary olfactory area found?
What does the substantia nigra regulate?
emotional response, pain and pleasure
What are the anterior, posterior, and inferior borders of the parietal lobe?
Anterior: central sulcus
Posterior: parieto-occipital sulcus
Inferior: lateral sulcus
Where is the hypothalamus found on the diencephalon?
What three functional areas are found on the cerebrum?
Motor areas, sensory areas, and association areas
What two structures does the tectum include?
superior colliculi and inferior colliculi
What do motor areas control?
Voluntary motor function
What are the three functions of CSF?
Bouyancy, protection, and environmental stability
What are the three parts of the diencephalon?
epithalamus, thalamus, and hypothalamus
What does the pia mater adhere to?
What part of the mesencephalon is the tectum found in?
The posterior region
What is the function of the vermis?
Sensory movement for balance and muscle memory
What is gray matter?
motor and interneuron soma, dendrites, telodendria, unmyelinated axons
What is the function of the insula?
memory and taste
What is the nucleus cunateus in the medulla oblongata?
somatic sensory, upper limbs
What is white matter?
How many lateral ventricles are there?
What does the tentorium cerebelli form?
What does the medulla oblongata have?
2 motor tracts called pyramids
Where are the Gnostic areas found?
parietal, occipital and temporal lobes
What is the function of the parietal lobe?
sense of touch and texture
Where is the insula found?
Deep to lateral sulcus
What are the three structural layers of the cerebrum?
cerebral cortex, internal layer, cerebral nuclei
What separates the left and right cerebellar hemispheres?
What layer is the internal layer and what color is the matter?
middle layer and white matter
What are the three parts of the brain stem?
mesencephalon, pons and medulla oblongata
What region is found in the frontal lobe?
Primary motor cortex
What kind of tissue is the dura mater made of?
Dense irregular CT
What four structures are found in the mesencephalon?
cerebral peduncles, tegmenjtum, substantia nigra, and tectum
What are the names of the two layers of the dura mater?
Periosteal and meningeal layer
Where is the temporal lobe found?
inferior to lateral sulcus
Where is the parietal lobe found?
What are the four functions of the cranial meninges?
Separate brain from bones, enclose and protect blood vessels, contain and circulate CSF, and drain blood from brain
What is the function of the thalamus?
focuses and sorts; final relay for all sensory information expect olfaction
What is the function of the temporal lobe?
hearing and smell
What is a sulcus?
What is CSF?
Clear fluid circulates in ventricles and subarachnoid space
What is the superior colliculi?
visual reflex center
Where is the primary visual area found?
What does the cardiac center in the medulla oblongata control?
controls heart rate and strength of contraction
What structure is found at the epithalamus?
What is the function of the diencephalon?
Relay center and information sorter
What layer is the cerebral cortex and what color is the matter?
outer layer, gray matter
What is a gyrus?
What is the primary motor cortex's function?
voluntary motor movement
What does the respiratory center in the medulla oblongata control?
What is the substantia nigra?
Lateral nuclei in the mesencephalon
What do the cerebral peduncles connect?
The primary motor cortex to the spinal cord
What does the cerebrum and cerebellum divide?
cerebrum and cerebellum
What does the caudate nucleus control?
What four structures are included in the dura mater?
Falx cerebri, tentorium cerebelli, fax cerebelli, and diaphragma sellae
Where is the frontal lobe found?
the anterior lobe
Where is the occipital lobe found?
posterior, underlining occipital bone
What is the word for the rate of breathing?
What is the associated structure of the dura mater?
Where is the primary somatosensory area found?
What are the names of the two motor areas?
Primary somatic motor cortex and motor speech area
What are the cranial meninges made of?
Where is the primary motor cortex found?
What is cerebral nuclei?
deep gray matter
What layer is the cerebral nuclei and what color is it?
deep and gray matter
What is the function of the brain stem?
What does the falx cerebri divide?
Left and right cerebrum
What does Wernicke's area do?
Recognizes and comprehends written and spoken language
What are the posterior and inferior borders of the frontal lobe?
Posterior: central sulcus
Inferior: lateral sulcus
What layer is the cerebellar nuclei and what color is it?
Deep, gray matter
What is a commissural in central white matter?
connects between hemispheres
What is the arachnoid mater made of?
collagen and elastic fibers
What connects the right and left sides of the thalamus?
Where is the pons found in the brain stem?
anterior middle portion
What region is found in the parietal lobe?
Primary somatic sensory cortex
What layer is the cerebellar cortex and what is its color?
Outer, gray matter
What is the inferior colliculi?
auditory reflex center
Where is the medulla oblongata found on the brain stem?
The inferior portion
Where is the primary gustatory area found?
What are the cerebral hemispheres connected by?
What is the function of the occipital lobe?
processes and stores visual information
Where is the brain stem found?
connects forebrain and cerebellum to spinal cord
What is the word for the depth of breathing?
Where are the lateral ventricles found?
Hemispheres of cerebrum
What is the function of the dura septa?
Stabilization and support
What are the four regions of the brain?
cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem and cerebellum
What does the motor speech area control?
muscles for vocalization
What are circadian rhythms?
What is the tegmentum?
Middle nuclei in the mesencephalon
Where is the fourth ventricle found?
Between pons and cerebellum
What are the three layers of the cerebellum?
Cerebellar cortex, arbor vitae, and cerebellar nuclei
What does the tegmentum control? give an example
involuntary motor commands. ie. posture
What is the function of the human brain?
receive and process information and then send out a response
What are the cerebral hemispheres divided by?
a longitudinal fissure
What two structures does the falx cerebri form?
Superior sagittal sinus and inferior sagittal sinus
Where is the third ventricle found?