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Anatomy Lecture Exam #3 > Brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brain Deck (134):
1

What is the name of the largest tract?

Corpus Collosum

2

What does the claustrum control?

subconscious visual information

3

What are the names are the two association areas?

Wernicke's area and Gnostic areas

4

Where is CSF produced?

Choroid plexus

5

Where is the primary auditory area found?

Temporal lobe

6

What is a fissure?

deep valleys

7

What other things does the nuclei the medulla oblongata control?

coughing, sneezing, salivation, swallowing, gagging, vomiting

8

What does the diaphragma sellae separate?

the hypothalamus and the pituitary

9

Where is Wernicke's area found?

Parietal and temporal lobe

10

What layer is arbor vitae, and what is its color?

internal, white matter

11

What are projections in central white matter?

Connects cortex to inferior parts of the brain

12

Where does the tegmentum integrate?

between the cerebrum and the cerebellum

13

What are the cerebral peduncles?

motor tracts

14

What does the primary somatic motor cortex control?

skeletal muscle

15

What kind of tissue is the pia mater made of?

thin areolar CT

16

What is the associated structure of the arachnoid mater and what is it filled with?

Subarachnoid space and it is filled with CSF

17

What is the nucleus gracilis in the medulla oblongata?

somatic sensory, lower limbs

18

What does the pineal gland control?

Circadian rhythms

19

Where is the arachnoid mater found?

deep to the dura mater

20

What does the pons have?

autonomic respiratory centers

21

What is the vasometer center in the medulla oblongata?

BP through blood vessel diameter

22

What structure connects the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland?

infundibulum

23

What are the three layers of the cranial meninges?

Dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater

24

What fissure form the tentorium cerebelli?

Transverse fissure

25

Where is the primary somatic sensory cortex found?

post central gyrus

26

Where is the diencephalon found?

between the cerebral hemispheres

27

What are the names of the five lobes of the cerebrum?

Parietal, frontal, occipital, temporal and insula

28

What is central white matter?

tracts; myelinated axons

29

Where is the motor speech area found?

inferolateral portion of the left frontal lobe

30

What do the gnostic areas do?

integrates all sensory, visual and auditory stimuli

31

What part of the brain stem is the mesencephalon found on?

the superior portion

32

What is the function of the cerebellum?

Smooth coordinated movements, equilibrium and posture

33

What is another name for the "motor speech area"?

Broca's Area

34

What is the function of the primary somatic sensory cortex?

Conscious senses

35

What does the amygdaloid body control?

emotion and moods

36

What is the crossing of the pyramids on the medulla oblongata called?

decussation of the pyramids

37

What is the function of the cerebrum?

conscious thought process, intellectual function, voluntary visual, motor and auditory

38

What is an association in central white matter?

connects cortex with the same hemisphere

39

What does gustatory refer to?

taste

40

What are the 4 functions of the frontal lobe?

personality, voluntary motor movement, verbal communication, decision making

41

What is environmental stability in terms of CSF?

Bring nutrients and removes waste

42

Where its he primary olfactory area found?

Temporal lobe

43

What does the substantia nigra regulate?

emotional response, pain and pleasure

44

What are the anterior, posterior, and inferior borders of the parietal lobe?

Anterior: central sulcus
Posterior: parieto-occipital sulcus
Inferior: lateral sulcus

45

Where is the hypothalamus found on the diencephalon?

anterioinferior region

46

What three functional areas are found on the cerebrum?

Motor areas, sensory areas, and association areas

47

What two structures does the tectum include?

superior colliculi and inferior colliculi

48

What do motor areas control?

Voluntary motor function

49

What are the three functions of CSF?

Bouyancy, protection, and environmental stability

50

What are the three parts of the diencephalon?

epithalamus, thalamus, and hypothalamus

51

What does the pia mater adhere to?

The brain

52

What part of the mesencephalon is the tectum found in?

The posterior region

53

What is the function of the vermis?

Sensory movement for balance and muscle memory

54

What is gray matter?

motor and interneuron soma, dendrites, telodendria, unmyelinated axons

55

What is the function of the insula?

memory and taste

56

What is the nucleus cunateus in the medulla oblongata?

somatic sensory, upper limbs

57

What is white matter?

myelinated axons

58

How many lateral ventricles are there?

two

59

What does the tentorium cerebelli form?

Transverse sinus

60

What does the medulla oblongata have?

2 motor tracts called pyramids

61

Where are the Gnostic areas found?

parietal, occipital and temporal lobes

62

What is the function of the parietal lobe?

sense of touch and texture

63

Where is the insula found?

Deep to lateral sulcus

64

What are the three structural layers of the cerebrum?

cerebral cortex, internal layer, cerebral nuclei

65

What separates the left and right cerebellar hemispheres?

Vermis

66

What layer is the internal layer and what color is the matter?

middle layer and white matter

67

What are the three parts of the brain stem?

mesencephalon, pons and medulla oblongata

68

What region is found in the frontal lobe?

Primary motor cortex

69

What kind of tissue is the dura mater made of?

Dense irregular CT

70

What four structures are found in the mesencephalon?

cerebral peduncles, tegmenjtum, substantia nigra, and tectum

71

What are the names of the two layers of the dura mater?

Periosteal and meningeal layer

72

Where is the temporal lobe found?

inferior to lateral sulcus

73

Where is the parietal lobe found?

superoposterior lobe

74

What are the four functions of the cranial meninges?

Separate brain from bones, enclose and protect blood vessels, contain and circulate CSF, and drain blood from brain

75

What is the function of the thalamus?

focuses and sorts; final relay for all sensory information expect olfaction

76

What is the function of the temporal lobe?

hearing and smell

77

What is a sulcus?

small valleys

78

What is CSF?

Clear fluid circulates in ventricles and subarachnoid space

79

What is the superior colliculi?

visual reflex center

80

Where is the primary visual area found?

Occipital lobe

81

What does the cardiac center in the medulla oblongata control?

controls heart rate and strength of contraction

82

What structure is found at the epithalamus?

Pineal gland

83

What is the function of the diencephalon?

Relay center and information sorter

84

What layer is the cerebral cortex and what color is the matter?

outer layer, gray matter

85

What is a gyrus?

folds, "hills"

86

What is the primary motor cortex's function?

voluntary motor movement

87

What does the respiratory center in the medulla oblongata control?

respiratory rate

88

What is the substantia nigra?

Lateral nuclei in the mesencephalon

89

What do the cerebral peduncles connect?

The primary motor cortex to the spinal cord

90

What does the cerebrum and cerebellum divide?

cerebrum and cerebellum

91

What does the caudate nucleus control?

arm/leg walking

92

What four structures are included in the dura mater?

Falx cerebri, tentorium cerebelli, fax cerebelli, and diaphragma sellae

93

Where is the frontal lobe found?

the anterior lobe

94

Where is the occipital lobe found?

posterior, underlining occipital bone

95

What is the word for the rate of breathing?

apneustic

96

What is the associated structure of the dura mater?

Dural sinus

97

Where is the primary somatosensory area found?

Postcentral gyrus

98

What are the names of the two motor areas?

Primary somatic motor cortex and motor speech area

99

What are the cranial meninges made of?

Connective tissue

100

Where is the primary motor cortex found?

Precentral gyrus

101

What is cerebral nuclei?

deep gray matter

102

What layer is the cerebral nuclei and what color is it?

deep and gray matter

103

What is the function of the brain stem?

survival behavior

104

What does the falx cerebri divide?

Left and right cerebrum

105

What does Wernicke's area do?

Recognizes and comprehends written and spoken language

106

What are the posterior and inferior borders of the frontal lobe?

Posterior: central sulcus
Inferior: lateral sulcus

107

What layer is the cerebellar nuclei and what color is it?

Deep, gray matter

108

What is a commissural in central white matter?

connects between hemispheres

109

What is the arachnoid mater made of?

collagen and elastic fibers

110

What connects the right and left sides of the thalamus?

intermediate mass

111

Where is the pons found in the brain stem?

anterior middle portion

112

What region is found in the parietal lobe?

Primary somatic sensory cortex

113

What layer is the cerebellar cortex and what is its color?

Outer, gray matter

114

What is the inferior colliculi?

auditory reflex center

115

Where is the medulla oblongata found on the brain stem?

The inferior portion

116

Where is the primary gustatory area found?

Insula

117

What are the cerebral hemispheres connected by?

tracts

118

What is the function of the occipital lobe?

processes and stores visual information

119

Where is the brain stem found?

connects forebrain and cerebellum to spinal cord

120

What is the word for the depth of breathing?

pneumotaxic

121

Where are the lateral ventricles found?

Hemispheres of cerebrum

122

What is the function of the dura septa?

Stabilization and support

123

What are the four regions of the brain?

cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem and cerebellum

124

What does the motor speech area control?

muscles for vocalization

125

What are circadian rhythms?

day/night cycles

126

What is the tegmentum?

Middle nuclei in the mesencephalon

127

Where is the fourth ventricle found?

Between pons and cerebellum

128

What are the three layers of the cerebellum?

Cerebellar cortex, arbor vitae, and cerebellar nuclei

129

What does the tegmentum control? give an example

involuntary motor commands. ie. posture

130

What is the function of the human brain?

receive and process information and then send out a response

131

What are the cerebral hemispheres divided by?

a longitudinal fissure

132

What two structures does the falx cerebri form?

Superior sagittal sinus and inferior sagittal sinus

133

Where is the third ventricle found?

Diencephalon

134

Where is the epithalamus found?

the posterior roof of the diencephalon