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Flashcards in Brainstem; Brainstem Surface Deck (60):
1

hypoglossal nerve; n?

hypoglossal nucleus

2

spinal accessory n. n?

spinal accessory nucleus

3

vagus nerve; n?

nucleus ambiguus
dorsal motor nucleus of X
solitary nucleus (sensory visceral special)
solitary nucleus (sensory visceral)
spinal nucleus of X

4

Glosssopharyngel nerve; n?

nucleus ambiguus
inferior salivatory nucleus
solitary nucleus (sensory visceral special)
solitary nuclues
spinal nucleus of V

5

Vestibulocochlear nerve; n?

vestibular nuclei
cochlear nuclei

6

abducens nerve; n?

abducens nucleus

7

trigeminal nerve; n?

motor nucleus of V
chief sensory nucleus of V
mesencephalic nucleus of V
spinal nucleus of V

8

trochelar nerve; n?

trochlear nucleus

9

oculomotor nerve; n?

oculomotor nucleus
Edinger-Westphal nucleus

10

sensory visceral column

sensory neurons processing ifo from abdo & thoracic viscera
- nucleus soltarius (cuadal part)

11

sensory visceral special column

sens neurons info from taste buds
- nucleus solitarius (rostral part)

12

nucleus solitarius (caudal part)

sens neurons processing info from abdo and thoracic viscera

13

nucleus solitarius (rostral part)

info from taste buds, sens neurons

14

sensory somatic column

sens neurons; general somatic info from face
-spinal trigeminal nucleus
- mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus
-chief sensory trigeminal nucleus

15

sensory somatic nuclei

spinal trigeminal nucleus
mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus
chief sensory trigeminal nucleus

16

sensory somatic special

sens neurons; auditory and balance info
cochlear nuclei
vestibular nuclei

17

sensory somatic special nuclei

cochlear nuclei
vestibular nuclei

18

motor somatic column

motor neurons innervating skeletal muscles
hypoglossal nuc
abducens nuc
trochlearn nuc
oculomotor nuc

19

motor somatic nuclei

hypoglossal nuc
abducens nuc
trochlearn nuc
oculomotor nuc

20

motor branchial column

motor neurons innervating branchial skel mm
spinal accessory nuc
nucleus ambiguus
facial motor nuc
trigeminal motor nuc

21

motor branchial nuclei

spinal accessory nuc
nucleus ambiguus
facial motor nuc
trigeminal motor nuc

22

motor visceral column

pre-ganglionic parasymp neurons inner viscera
dorsal motor nucleus of X
inferior salivatory nuc
sup salivatory nuc
Edinger-Westphal nuc

23

motor visceral nuclei

dorsal motor nucleus of X
inferior salivatory nuc
sup salivatory nuc
Edinger-Westphal nuc

24

solitary nucleus is used by

CN VII - tate fr ant 2/3 of tongue
CN IX - taste from post 1/3 of tongue
CN X - taste fr epiglottis

25

inf cerebellar peduncle connects

cerebellum to medulla

26

midd cerebellar peduncle connects

cerebellum to pons

27

sup cerebellar peduncle connects

cerebellum to midbrain

28

CSF exits the 4th ventricle via

foramen of Magendi
2 foramen of Lushka

29

Inferior Colliculus

aud info relay -> MGN
via the Brachium of Inf. Colliculus

30

Superior Colliculus

visual info (eye mvmt, reflex of orientation to sound)

31

lesion of CNIV

trochlear n. - diplopia when looking down and reading

32

Cerbral peduncle contains...(lat surface)

Corticospinal
Corticobulbar
Corticopontine fibers

33

Pineal gland

releases melatonin

34

Epithalimus

Pineal gland & Habenula

35

Stria medullaris

in thalamus
connects the habenula w/ the septal nuclei, hypothalamus, and thalamus

36

Pulvinar

large association nucleus

37

CN XII emerges from

pre-olivary sulcus, Hypoglosseal n.

38

lesion of CNXII

ipsilat paralysis and dev of tongue towards side of lesion

39

nerves that emerge from post-olivary sulcus

CN IX - glossopharyngeal
CN X - vagus
CN XI - spinal accessory

40

area postrema

nausea vomiting center
narrow strip bet vagal trigon and margin of ventricl (4th)

41

Medial Geniculate Nucleus

thalamic relay for Auditory info

42

lesion of CN IX

glossopharyngeal n
loss of gag reflex (sensory limb), taste in post 1/3 of tongue, reduction of salivation

43

lesion of CN X

vagus n;
loss of gag reflex (motor limb)
dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
hoarsenss
uvula pting away fr lesion

44

lesion of CN XI

spinal accessory n
weakness turning head to opposite side and shrugging ipsilat shoulder

45

basilar pons

large relay station connecting cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and spinal cord

46

abducens n CN VI emerges from

medially from the pyramid-pontine junction

47

lesion of CN VI

abducens n.
medial deviation of eye
medial/internal strabismus

48

facial n CN VII emerges from

cerebello-pontine angle

49

lesion of CN VII

facial n
paralysis of mm of facial exp
hyperacusis (over-sens to certain sound)
loss of lacrimation and salivation
loss of taste ant 2/3 of tongue
loss of blink reflex (motor limb)

50

vestibulocochlear n emerges from

cerebello-pontine angle

51

lesion of CN VIII

Vestibulocochlear n
ipsilat sensorineuronal hearing loss
nystagmus (dancing eyes)
loss of balance

52

trigeminal n emerges fr

basilar pons

53

lesion of CN V

trigeminal n
loss of blink reflex (sensory limb)
ipsilat loss of gen sensation of face and scalp
jaw deviation toward side of lesion

54

oculomotor n emerges from

interpeduncular fossa

55

lesion of CN III

oculomotor n;
ophthalmoplegia (paralysis of mm)
lateral/external strabismus
ptosis (drooping eyelid)
dilated pupil and loss of lens accomodation (loss of parasym innerv)
loss of pupillary light reflex (motor limb)

56

mamillary body belongs to

the posterior hypothalamus

57

tuber cinerium

cont cells that regulate hormonal secretion from the ant pituitary gland
elevation of gray matter in floor of 3rd ventricle

58

infundibulum

(pituitary stalk)
connection bet the hypothalamus and pituitary gland

59

lateral geniculat nucleus

thalamic relay for visual info from retinae

60

lesion of CN II

optic nerve;
visual field deficit (anopia)
loss of direct puillary light reflex (sensory limb)