Brazing, Soldering, and Adhesive Bonding Flashcards Preview

MFE-201 Manufacturing Systems Processes > Brazing, Soldering, and Adhesive Bonding > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brazing, Soldering, and Adhesive Bonding Deck (21)
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How do brazing and soldering differ from fusion welding processes?

Filler metal is used

No melting of the base metals occur


How do brazing and soldering differ from solid-state soldering?

No melting of the base metals



What is the technical difference between brazing and soldering.

Brazing - Filler metal melts at a temp above 450 Celsius

Soldering - Filler metal melts at a temp at or below 450 Celsius


Under what circumstances between brazing and soldering be preferred over welding?

Base metal have poor weld-ability

Components cannot tolerate the higher heat and temperatures of welding

Production rates need to be faster and less expensive than welding

Joint areas are inaccessible for welding but brazing or soldering is possible

High strength of weld joint is not needed


WHat are two joint types most commonly used in brazing?

butt joint

lap joint


Certain changes in joint configuration are usually made to improve strength of brazed joints. What are those changes?

butt joints - butting surface areas are increased in various ways such as scarfing or stepping the edges

lap joints - overlap area is made as large as possible.


The molten filler metal in brazing is distributed throughout the joint by capillary action. What is capillary action?

The physical tendency of a liquid to be drawn into a small diameter tube or other narrow openings in spite of the force of gravity


What are desirable characteristics of a brazing flux

low melting temperature

low viscosity when melted

promotes wetting of metal surfaces

protects the joint until solidification occurs


What is dip brazing

A molten salt bath or a molten metal bath accomplishes heating. Assembled parts immersed in the baths contained in a heating pot. Solidification occurs when parts are removed from the baths


Define braze welding

Used for filling a more conventional weld joint. Greater quantity of filler material deposited/ Joint consists entirely of filler metal.


What are some disadvantages and limitations of brazing

the strengths of the brazed joint is generally less than that of a welded joint

High service temperatures may weaken a brazed joint

part sizes limited

Color of the filler metal is often different than the color of the base metals


What is wave soldering

The flow of molten solder onto the underside of a printed circuit board to provide soldered connections between the component leads that projects through holes in the boards and the copper circuit lands on the board


List the advantages often attributed to soldering as an industrial joining process

lower heat energy required

various heating methods

good electrical and thermal conductivity

capable of making airtight and liquid tight joints

ease of repair and rework


What are disadvantages and drawbacks of soldering

.low mechanical strength

elevated service temperatures can weaken joint


What is meant by the term structural adhesive

Capable of forming strong, permanent joints between strong, rigid adherends


An adhesive must cure in order to bond. What is meant by the term curing?

Process by which the adhesives physical properties are changed from a liquid to a solid


What are some of the methods used to cure adhesives

Application of heat and.or pressure


What is an important precondition for the success of an adhesive bonding operation

Surfaces of the adherend must be clean

Adhesives in its initial liquid form must achieve wetting of the adherend surface

Helpful for the surface to be relatively smooth


What are some of the methods used to apply adhesives in industrial production operations



manual rollers

silk screening


automatic applicators

roll coating


Identify some of the advantages of adhesive bonding compared to alternative joining methods

.process is applicable to wide variety of materials

parts of different sizes and cross sections can be joined

bonding occurs over the entir surface area of the joint

some adhesives are flexible after bonding and are tolerant of cyclic loads and differences in thermal expansions

low temp curing avoids damage to parts being joined

sealing as well as bonding can be achieved

joint design often simplified


What are some of the limitations of adhesive bonding

joints are generally not as strong as other joining methods

adhesives must be compatible with materials being joined

service temp are limited

cleanliness and surface preparation prior to application of adhesives are important

curing times can impose a limit on production rates

inspection of bonded joint is difficult