Fundamentals of Metal Casting Review Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Fundamentals of Metal Casting Review Questions Deck (16)
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Identify some of the important advantages of shape-casting processes

  • Can create very complex geometries, including both internal and external shapes
  • Some casting processes are net shape, others are near net shape
  • Can produce very large parts
  • Some casting methods well suited for mass production
  • Can be performed on any metal heated to a liquid stat


What are some limitations / disadvantages of casting

  • Poor dimensional accuracy
  • Poor surface finish
  • limitations on mechanical properties
  • shrinkage due to cooling
  • safety hazards and environmental hazards present


What is a factory that performs casting operations usually called



What is the difference between an open mold and a closed mold

Open Mold: liquid metal is simply poured into the cavity of the mold


Closed Mold: Passageway, called gating system, provided to permit molten metal to flow from outside the mold into the cavity


Name the two basic mold types that distinguish casting processes

Expendable Mold Casting


Permanent Mold Casting


Which casting process is the most important commercially

Sand Casting


What is the difference between a pattern and a core in sand molding/

Pattern: mold cavity is formed using a pattern. Typically made of wood, metal, plastic, or other materials and has the shape of the part to be cast. Cavity formed by packing sand around the pattern in both the cope and drag sections of the mold


Core: A form placed inside the mold cavity to define interior gemoetry


What is meant by superheated?

Amount of heat that must be removed from molten metal between pouring and when solidification commences


Superheat refers to temeprature difference between pouring temperature of the molten metal and the temperature of the molten metal when solidification commences.


Why should turbulent flow of molten metal be avoided?

Turbulence in fluid flow is characterized by erratic variations in the magnitude and direction of the velocity throughout the fluid


Tends to accelerate the formation of metal oxides that can become entrapped during solidification, thus degrading quality of casting. Can also aggravate mold erosion. gradual wearing away of mold surfaces due to impact of flowing mold cavity


What is the continuity law as it applies to the flow of molten metal in the casting?

The volume rate of flow remains constant throughout the liquid


Volume flow rate is equal to the velocity multiplied by the cross-sectional area of the flowing liquid


What does heat fusion mean in casting

The amount of heat required to solidify metal from liquid state


How does solidification of alloys differ from solidification of pure metals

Pure metals: 

Solidify at a constant temperature equal to its freezing point, which is the same as its melting point



Freeze over a temperature range rather than a single temperature. Exact range depends on the alloy system and the particular composition.


What is eutectic alloy?

Constitute exception to general process by which alloys solidify


Particlular composition in an alloy system by which the solidus and liquidus are at the same temp


solidification occurs at a constant temperature called eutectic temp


What is Chvorinov's rule in casting?

Total solidification time required for casting to solidify after pouring.


Total solidification time = mold constant ( volume / area ) ^ (n =2)


Identify the three sources of contraction in a metal after pouring

(1) liquid contraction during pouring


(2) contraction during the phase change from solid to liquid, solidification shrinkage


(3) thermal contraction of the solidified casting during cooling to room temperature


what is a chill in casting?

Internal or external heat sinks that cause rapid freezing in certain regions of the casting