Burns Flashcards Preview

Surgery PLE > Burns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Burns Deck (11):
1

Most common cause of burn

flame burn - thermal burn

2

What are jackson's three ones of tissue injury following a burn

1. zone of coagulation - necrosis needs excision and grafting
2. zone of stasis - questionable viability
3. zone of hyperemia - heals with minimal or no scarring

3

What degree of burns are not included in calculating %TBSA

superficial (first degree) burns

4

What does cyanide poisoning inhibit

cytochrome oxidase which in turn inhibit cellular oxygenation

5

what is the treatment of cyanide poisoning

1. sodium thiosulfate
2. hydroxycobalamin
3. 100% oxygen

6

what is tha parkland formula

4 mg/kg x %TBSA

7

how do you give the parkland formula

1/2 of total fluid for first 8 hours
1/2 of total fluid for the next 16 hours

8

Target of fluid resuscitation in burn victims

1. MAP = 60 mmHg
2. UO = 30 cc/hr or 1 - 1.5 cc/kg/hr

9

Children under 20 kg should be given additional treatmen in burn

glucose supplementation

10

What is the side effect of silver sulfadiazine

neutropenia

11

Formic acid burns are associated with

chemical burn
hemoglobinuria and hemoylsis