Campylobacter Flashcards Preview

med microbiology test 4 > Campylobacter > Flashcards

Flashcards in Campylobacter Deck (15):
1

Campylobacter is gram ____

negative

2

what shape is Camylobacter?

comma shaped

3

How are the physical characteristics of Camylobacter similar to Helicobacter?

Both are gram negatvie microaerophilic bacteria but Camylobacter is comma shaped and Helicobacter is heilcal shaped

4

C. jejuni is the most common cause of what i nthe US?

bacterial gastroenteritis

5

What are the notable species of Camylobacter?

C. jejuni, C. fetus, C. coli

6

Campylobacter grow in what environmental conditions?

reduced oxygen and increased carbon dioxide at 42 degrees Celsius

7

Is Campylobacter naturally competent? what does this mean?

Yes; means it can naturally take up genetic material from the environment

8

where does Campylobacter come from?

its zoonotic meaning it transfered from animals to humans thus comes from contaminated food, poultry, milk or water

9

Is the infectious dosage of Campylobacter low or high?

high

10

What syndrome does Campylobacter cause?

Guillain-Barre syndrome (autoimmune disorder)

11

Campylobacter's symptoms included:

-bloody diarrhea
-fever
abdominal pain

12

How does Campylobacter affect jejunum?

it causes damage to the mucosal surface of jejunum

13

How is Campylobacter diagnosed?

thin S-shape organism in stool or commercial immunoassay kits available

14

Treatment of Campylobacter?

-self limiting
-replacement of lost fluid
-antibiotics (erythromycin) are given in septicemia

15

Prevention of Campylobacter?

proper preparation of poultry food and safe guard to prevent contamination of water supply